PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY BOOK
Find Psychology Physiological Psychology books online. Get the best Psychology Physiological Psychology books at our marketplace. Physiological Psychology: An Introduction explains the dynamic interaction between The book includes detailed coverage of human evolution, central and . This is a very good text book in that it is well detailed, highly informative, and well illustrated. The only down side for me is that it is written in first person, which is.
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Purchase Physiological Psychology - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN , Physiological Psychology Colorful Introduction to the Anatomy of the Human Brain, A: A Brain and Psychology Coloring Book, 2/E. Pinel & Edwards. Find and buy Physiological Psychology books and Physiological Psychology textbooks, from Pearson Education's online bookshop, offering information on new.
Descartes was a visionary, and one of the first theorists to link mind, brain and behavior in one. This relation resulted in one of the main theories for which physiological psychology is known for. Galvani and the Animal Electricity Theory A century later, Luigi Galvani made a famous accidental discovery, so significant that it even influenced Mary Shelley's well-known novel Frankenstein.
In , Galvani was dissecting a frog close to a machine emitting static electricity, when his assistant accidentally touched the frog's leg with a scalpel, causing it to suddenly jump. Fascinated by the incident, he repeated the experiment several times, to confirm the link between electrical impulses and movements of the body.
He decided to call it animal electricity, believing that the energy resided within the frog itself, because the contractions occurred even when the nerve and muscle were detached from the body. Galvani's work paved the way for future studies on the brain and the electrical impulses. The most famous experiment of Galvani showed the response of the legs of a frog to electrical impulses Johannes Muller and the Theory of Specific Nerve Energies This scientist made a fascinating appraisal during his experimentation: Even when all the nerves carry the same type of message, the information is perceived differently by each individual.
This messages running through the nerves are known nowadays as electrical impulses. Based on his many experiments, Muller decided to write a book called Elements of Physiology.
In his work, he explained the relation between stimulus and physiological reactions.
One of the examples he described in his book was that stimuli upon the retina and the optic nerve would invariably lead to luminous and visual impressions. Paul Broca and the Findings Related to Speech Paul Broca, a French doctor and anthropologist, took his part in physiological psychology theories by making an autopsy and examining the brain of a patient named Victor Leborgne.
Leborgne was 21 years-old, and had suffered a progressive loss of speech but not a loss of mental function. This procedure led Broca to determine that his patient had an injury in the frontal lobe of the central hemisphere. The doctor proceeded with his studies until he found enough evidence to propose a theory stating the relation between the brain and speech, and that the brain area specific to speech production was the left frontal lobe.
His results helped psychologists during many years, and even now they are fundamental to understanding certain speech therapies. Oxytocin acts to over-sensitize the limbic system to emotional responses leading to even larger emotional responses. It acts as an anxiety suppressant mainly found in stressful and social situations.
It provides a calming effect to the body during these high stress situations.
Oxytocin is also seen as a strong hormone in maternal attachment and aggression found in new mothers. This hormone also plays a slight part in the female desire to pair and mate. ACTH is secreted by the posterior pituitary in response to fear and plays a role in the facilitation or inhibition of behaviors and actions to follow.
In most cases, a high ACTH secretion will lead to the inhibition of actions that would produce the same fearful response that just occurred. Both are monoamine neurotransmitters that act on different sites in the body.
Serotonin acts on receptors in the gastrointestinal tract while dopamine acts on receptors in the brain, while both performing similar functions.
Serotonin has less known on how it carries out its function in reducing depression , but only that it works. Specific-serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRI are the type of drug given to patients suffering from depression in which the serotonin is left in the synapse to continue to be absorbed in the body.
On average, an adult human sleeps between seven and eight hours per night. There is a minute percentage that sleeps less than five to six hours, which is also a symptom of sleep deprivation , and an even smaller percentage of people who sleep more than ten hours a day.
Oversleeping has been shown to have a correlation with higher mortality. There are no benefits to oversleeping and it can result in sleep inertia , which is the feeling of drowsiness for a period of time after waking.Should you need additional information or have questions regarding the HEOA information provided for this title, including what is new to this edition, please email sageheoa sagepub.
Central Mechanisms of Arousal, Sleep, and Waking Development Introduction Conceptual Issues Summary: It considers the physiological correlates of emotions and how emotions are related to specific kinds of brain activity, the plasticity of the nervous system as it relates to learning and memory, and higher processes, such as thinking, decision making, reasoning, and language.
A comprehensive and accessible book on anxiety for clients and therapists alike. Galvani's work paved the way for future studies on the brain and the electrical impulses.
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