CREATIVE NATURE AND OUTDOOR PHOTOGRAPHY PDF
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This table-top photo project exploits the refractive quality of oil and bubbles to accentuate and distort colours. All you need to do is place a few drops of cooking oil on the surface of water in a glass dish. Make sure the dish is supported about 25cm about the table top, then place coloured paper under it and use an anglepoise lamp or flashgun to light the paper.
Oily reflections This project follows a similar theme to the previous one, but here the patterns are created by a cover over the light rather than a coloured background.
Creative Nature & Outdoor Photography, Revised Edition
First, make a cover for an anglepoise lamp using acetate, card and tape. Use masking tape to attach it, but make sure it isn't touching the bulb, and keep the light off when you're not shooting.
Place a full bucket of water in front of the lamp, add a few drops of cooking oil. Stir up the oil, get in close and shoot. Psychedelic soap film This is a wonderful project that makes for vibrant desktop wallpaper or abstract wall art. You'll need liquid soap mixed with glycerine for long-lasting soap film, plus a wire loop, a black cloth background and a macro lens of at least mm.
The colours created by soap film only appear when hit by light from a certain angle, so set up near a north-facing window and shoot from around 45 degrees. Refractive art Light bends when it passes through water, causing the objects behind to change appearance. This is called refraction, and you'll make use of this phenomenon in this arty photo project.
All you need is a few glasses, a flashgun, a tripod and a black-and-white pattern print. Simply place the pattern in the background with the glasses in front. Fill them with different levels of water and move the pattern backwards or forwards to fine-tune the effect. Kitchen close-ups Your kitchen is an ideal location for shooting a macro project.
Its reflective surfaces can be used to create interesting backgrounds for your shots, and a shallow depth of field can transform the most mundane of objects you'll find there. Creating a triptych of images can result in a piece of fantastic wall art for your kitchen too, although it's important to think about how they're going to work together before you start shooting.
Here, 3 objects - a fork, a bowl of cereal and coffee granules - were all shot from a similar angle, with the impression of height linking the sequence. Still-life bokeh Something as simple as a crumpled piece of foil can be the basis for a creative photo project. Position a still-life subject on a sheet of glass with a piece of dark material underneath it.
Scrunch up the kitchen foil then smooth it back out and place it in the background. Shine a table lamp or torch on the foil and, with a tripod mounted camera, dial in the lens's widest aperture to create some beautiful ' bokeh '. During the exposure, shine a flashlight onto the subject.
Bokeh bubbles Small highlights often create nice bokeh, so fairy lights are perfect for this project. Position them far enough away so that they will be out of focus at a wide aperture. Position your subject, in this case a glass, close to the camera and focus on it.
Tweak the position of the fairy lights until it looks like cool coloured bubbles are floating out of the glass.
This technique can also be used to create bokeh 'steam' from mugs of hot drinks. Still life light trails Light trails can be used in all kinds of photography, but they're perfect for a creative still life project.
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You can use a regular Maglite torch, but try removing the end to reveal the bulb and make the light more direct. Use some electrical tape to attach a coloured sweet wrapper, which you can use as a makeshift 'gel'.
Continue the movement throughout the exposure. Here, we suspended the torch from a piece of string and made a gentle circular movement to create a spiral around the bottle. Light spirals You'll need to attach a torch, suspended by string, to an open area of ceiling.
Pet photography involves several aspects that are similar to traditional studio portraits. It can also be done in natural lighting, outside of a studio, such as in a client's home.
The market for photographic services demonstrates the aphorism " A picture is worth a thousand words ", which has an interesting basis in the history of photography.
Magazines and newspapers, companies putting up Web sites, advertising agencies and other groups pay for photography. Many people take photographs for commercial purposes. Organizations with a budget and a need for photography have several options: they can employ a photographer directly, organize a public competition, or obtain rights to stock photographs. Photo stock can be procured through traditional stock giants, such as Getty Images or Corbis ; smaller microstock agencies, such as Fotolia ; or web marketplaces, such as Cutcaster.
Classic Alfred Stieglitz photograph, The Steerage shows unique aesthetic of black-and-white photos.
Creative Nature and Outdoor Photography
During the 20th century, both fine art photography and documentary photography became accepted by the English-speaking art world and the gallery system. Holland Day , and Edward Weston , spent their lives advocating for photography as a fine art. At first, fine art photographers tried to imitate painting styles.
This movement is called Pictorialism , often using soft focus for a dreamy, 'romantic' look. The aesthetics of photography is a matter that continues to be discussed regularly, especially in artistic circles. Many artists argued that photography was the mechanical reproduction of an image. If photography is authentically art, then photography in the context of art would need redefinition, such as determining what component of a photograph makes it beautiful to the viewer.
Clive Bell in his classic essay Art states that only "significant form" can distinguish art from what is not art. There must be some one quality without which a work of art cannot exist; possessing which, in the least degree, no work is altogether worthless. What is this quality? What quality is shared by all objects that provoke our aesthetic emotions?
What quality is common to Sta. In each, lines and colors combined in a particular way, certain forms and relations of forms, stir our aesthetic emotions.
Even though what is depicted in the photographs are real objects, the subject is strictly abstract. Main article: Photojournalism Photojournalism is a particular form of photography the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast that employs images in order to tell a news story.
It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, but in some cases the term also refers to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography e.
Photojournalists create pictures that contribute to the news media, and help communities connect with one other. Photojournalists must be well informed and knowledgeable about events happening right outside their door.
They deliver news in a creative format that is not only informative, but also entertaining. Science and forensics[ edit ] Wootton bridge collapse in The camera has a long and distinguished history as a means of recording scientific phenomena from the first use by Daguerre and Fox-Talbot, such as astronomical events eclipses for example , small creatures and plants when the camera was attached to the eyepiece of microscopes in photomicroscopy and for macro photography of larger specimens.
The camera also proved useful in recording crime scenes and the scenes of accidents, such as the Wootton bridge collapse in The methods used in analysing photographs for use in legal cases are collectively known as forensic photography.
Crime scene photos are taken from three vantage point. The vantage points are overview, mid-range, and close-up. Different machines produced or hour photographic traces of the minute-by-minute variations of atmospheric pressure , temperature, humidity , atmospheric electricity , and the three components of geomagnetic forces.
The cameras were supplied to numerous observatories around the world and some remained in use until well into the 20th century. X-Ray machines are similar in design to Pin Hole cameras with high-grade filters and laser radiation.
The method has been much extended by using other wavelengths, such as infrared photography and ultraviolet photography , as well as spectroscopy.
Those methods were first used in the Victorian era and improved much further since that time. They used an electric field to trap an "Ion" of the element, Ytterbium. The image was recorded on a CCD, an electronic photographic film. While photo manipulation was often frowned upon at first, it was eventually used to great extent to produce artistic effects.
There are many ongoing questions about different aspects of photography. In her writing " On Photography " , Susan Sontag discusses concerns about the objectivity of photography. This is a highly debated subject within the photographic community. It means putting one's self into a certain relation to the world that feels like knowledge, and therefore like power. Along these lines, it can be argued that photography is a subjective form of representation.
Modern photography has raised a number of concerns on its effect on society. In Alfred Hitchcock 's Rear Window , the camera is presented as promoting voyeurism.
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Many photojournalists have declared they will not crop their pictures or are forbidden from combining elements of multiple photos to make " photomontages ", passing them as "real" photographs.
Today's technology has made image editing relatively simple for even the novice photographer. However, recent changes of in-camera processing allow digital fingerprinting of photos to detect tampering for purposes of forensic photography. Photography is one of the new media forms that changes perception and changes the structure of society. Fears that disturbing or explicit images are widely accessible to children and society at large have been raised. Particularly, photos of war and pornography are causing a stir.
The pretty pictures really help illustrate the discussion points. These additional vector attributes can be captured optically through the use of microlenses at each pixel point within the 2-dimensional image sensor. This technique can also be used to create bokeh 'steam' from mugs of hot drinks. Placing some constraints on what you're going to take photos of or what camera gear you'll use really does force you to become more creative, too.
Starting with fast-moving insects will be a very frustrating way to learn the process.
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