WESTMINSTER CONFESSION PDF
of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. THE. CONFESSION OF FAITH. A Confession of Faith for the Kirks of God in the three kingdoms, being the Westminster, with the assistance of Commissioners from the Kirk of Scotland;. The Westminster Confession of Faith is perhaps the most notable expression in creedal form of the truths of the Bible. It was the work of that assembly of divines.
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Here is a PDF booklet version of the Westminster Confession. The Christian apologist who is unfamiliar with the various confessions of faith. The Westminster Confession of Faith. Edinburgh Edition. Westminster Divines. TABLE OF CONTENTS. 1. Preface, by sundry English Divines. 2. Mr. Manton's. The Westminster Shorter Catechism by permission of Reformed Theological .. The Constitution: Volume 2 – The Westminster Confession of Faith and.
Because of this, the Scriptures alone are the church's final authority in all religious disputes.
The confession states that "the Holy Spirit speaking in the Scripture" is "the supreme judge" of councils , ancient writers , doctrines, and private revelation. The confession states that from eternity God did "freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass".
By God's decree, "some men and angels are predestinated unto everlasting life; and others foreordained to everlasting death. According to the confession, the consequence of the fall and sin is that sinners are guilty before God, under divine wrath and the curse of the law , and, ultimately, subject to spiritual death.
The Westminster Standards
God cannot be the author of sin because he is entirely holy and righteous. In the first covenant, a covenant of works, Adam and his descendants were promised life on the condition of perfect obedience. The fall made it impossible for man to keep this covenant, so God made another covenant, this one called the covenant of grace.
In the covenant of grace, God freely offered sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ. As part of this covenant, God promises to give the elect the Holy Spirit to make them willing and able to believe. Under the law, the covenant was administered by promises, prophecies , sacrifices , circumcision , the paschal lamb , and other types and ordinances instituted among the Jewish people.
These all anticipated Jesus Christ, the promised Messiah , and were sufficient to give the elect of that time forgiveness of sins and eternal salvation. The confession teaches that under the gospel, the covenant of grace is dispensed more fully through the preaching of the Bible and the administration of the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper. It affirms his incarnation , virgin birth , and dual nature as both God and man.
In his human nature, Christ was without sin. He was crucified and buried , and the confession teaches that he was bodily resurrected and afterward ascended into heaven where he intercedes on behalf of the living. It also teaches that Christ will return to earth to judge the world.
File:Westminster Confession of Faith.pdf
Salvation is granted to individuals by means of the word of God and the Holy Spirit, who persuades them to believe and obey. Man, after conversion, regains the ability to please God and to choose good, but sin remains within.
Complete sinless perfection is only attainable after death in the state of glorification. The confession teaches that—by the Holy Spirit and the preaching of the word—God effectually calls the elect out of the state of sin and death toward faith in Jesus Christ and spiritual life.
It teaches that "elect infants" and "all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word" are regenerated and saved. It affirms the Reformation doctrines of justification by faith alone and the imputation of Christ's righteousness to the elect the Catholic teaching of infused righteousness is specifically rejected.
Justification can never be lost, but the justified are still able to sin and, as a result, confession and repentance must be ongoing. In sanctification, the dominion of sin is eliminated and lust is weakened and suppressed as the individual grows in holiness. The confession states that it is the work of the Holy Spirit and is ordinarily accomplished by the preaching of the word. Saving faith is strengthened and increased by the preaching of the word, the sacraments, and prayer.
This faith enables a person to believe that whatever is revealed in the Bible is true and to rest on Christ alone for eternal life.
While repentance rejecting sin and committing to obey God's commandments does not earn forgiveness which is the result of divine grace , the confession states that no sinner "may expect pardon without it.
Good works are said to be the result of the Holy Spirit's influence and are evidence of true faith; however, good works cannot earn or merit salvation or forgiveness of sins. This assurance is based on "the promises of salvation, the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made, the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God". The confession does not teach that assurance is instantaneous upon conversion; rather, it states that "a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it".
The confession states that while the ceremonial and juridical parts of biblical law have been abrogated under the New Covenant, the moral law as described in the Ten Commandments remains binding to all people.
While true believers are neither "justified, or condemned" by the law, it serves "as a rule of life informing them of the will of God, and their duty". The confession also teaches that the Holy Spirit enables "the will of man to do that freely, and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done.
Soon after the signing of the Solemn League and Covenant in September of , the revision of the Thirty-Nine Articles was set aside and the Parliament ordered the assembly to work on the government and liturgy of the English church and to draw up the new confession.
By August , initial preparations had begun for the drafting of a joint confession of faith. In , the Assembly started drafting the Westminster Confession of Faith. Though the process at times was hindered because of differences between the Assembly and the Parliament, the bulk of the Confession was completed and sent to Parliament for approval in December Shortly after its completion, the House of Commons commissioned the Assembly to add Scripture proofs to the Confession.
In , the Confession was again presented to the Parliament for approval, this time with the added Scripture proofs.
The Confession was first published in Scotland in , then in England in Ten years after the adoption of the Westminster Confession in England, the congregational wing of the Reformed church in England revised the Westminster Confession and published what is now known as the Savoy Declaration In , similar revisions of the Westminster Confession were made by the Particular or Calvinistic Baptists in England to fit their own Baptist sentiments.
Many Reformed Baptists continue to subscribe to that confession of faith. For example, when the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America came into being in , its theological standard was the Westminster Confession.
Yet, this was a somewhat modified version, as American Presbyterians disagreed with the Westminster Divines on certain details of political theology. While the Divines taught that civil government ought to support true religion, American Presbyterians wanted a stricter separation between the civil and ecclesiastical spheres.
The form of the Confession adopted by most American Presbyterian denominations e. The clause claiming the Pope was the antichrist I will attack it. One must say, The whole Abraham, the whole man, shall live. John Calvin 2 Cor.
That the life of Jesus. Hence death indeed.
It was also necessary that the folly of the Corinthians should be reproved, inasmuch as they contrived to themselves a Christianity without the cross, and, not content with this, held in contempt the servants of Christ, because they were not so effeminate.
Roman He strengthens in plainer words the argument he has already stated; for the similitude which he mentions leaves now nothing doubtful, inasmuch as grafting designates not only a conformity of example, but a secret union, by which we are joined to him; so that he, reviving us by his Spirit, transfers his own virtue to us.
THE bodies of men, after death, return to dust, and see corruption; but their souls which neither die nor sleep , having an immortal subsistence, immediately return to God who gave them. The souls of the righteous, being then made perfect in holiness, are received into the highest heavens, where they behold the face of God in light and glory, waiting for the full redemption of their bodies; and the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day.It teaches that "elect infants" and "all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word" are regenerated and saved.
The civil magistrate has no right to interfere with the preaching of the word of God or administration of the sacraments. Its more controversial features include the covenant of works with Adam , the Puritan doctrine that assurance of salvation is not a necessary consequence of faith, a minimalist conception of worship , and a strict sabbatarianism.
The confession teaches that the church is catholic or universal and both invisible and visible. And this is the perfect and full communion, which the members of the invisible church shall enjoy with Christ in glory, at the resurrection and day of judgment.
This is because the effectiveness of baptism is not tied to the moment in time it is administered; the grace promised is granted by the Holy Spirit to the elect according to God's own will and at the time of his choosing.
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