WALTER RODNEY HOW EUROPE UNDERDEVELOPED AFRICA PDF
How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Walter Rodney The Strengthening of Technological and Military Aspects of Capitalism. Chapter Six. Colonialism. Walter Rodney's How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, is a classic of anti- imperialist literature. At the core is the concept of development and contemporary . How Europe Underdeveloped Africa walter resourceone.info -- meg. View File Download File. Preview this PDF File: Creation date: Jun 18, am Last .
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Review of Walter Rodney'sHow Europe Underdeveloped Africa For many of us, Walter Rodney's How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, first published in Tags. Walter Rodney · Africa · colonialism Attached files. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa ( MB). Login or register to post comments. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa is a book written by Walter Rodney that takes the . Print/export. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
Log In Sign Up. Firoze Manji. It provided a whole generation a completely new way of looking at the continent and its history, a way of understanding not only how we got where we are, but also what is needed for the peoples of Africa to reclaim their destinies. Walter Rodney, the Guyanese intellectual, historian and revolutionary, who taught at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in the s, was cruelly assassinated by a bomb in his car in June Conventional wisdom at the time the book first appeared, and sadly even today, described Africa as having always been destitute, impoverished, full of tribal conflicts, corrupt, and incapable to developing itself without foreign aid and its entourage of experts and nongovernmental organizations NGOs.
Exploitation of the African Continent
Rodney managed to demonstrate how the historical trajectories of societies across the continent, whether they be communal or more socially differentiated ones, were not dissimilar to those that prevailed in Europe, much of Asia, and beyond. Civilizations that emerged in, for example, Yorubaland, Dahomey, the inter-lacustrine kingdoms, Zululand, Ethiopia, Egypt, Sokoto, Zimbabwe, and so on, were, in the 15th century, far in advance of the conditions of carnage and civil war that prevailed in much of western Europe.
It is critically important that Rodney situated his analysis in the framework of the emergence and development of capitalism. Capitalism in Europe could not have emerged without the accumulation of wealth associated with slavery, which tore tens of millions of the strongest and most productive young people out of the continent to work in the Caribbean and the Americas, if they survived being shipped across the Atlantic.
Rodney shows the devastating impact on societies both directly raided for slaves but also those further away from the Atlantic coastline. Rodney goes on to demonstrate that European capitalism could not have survived without the continued rapacious subjugation of the peoples of the continent and the dispossession of the products of labor of Africans in the mines, farms, plantations, and industries. Walter Rodney was a scholar, working class militant and revolutionary from Guyana.
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Influenced by Marxist ideas, he is central to the Pan-Africanist canon for many on the left. He was assassinated on June 13, , likely by agents of the Guyanese government.
He was clearly one of the most solidly ideologically situated intellectuals ever to look colonialism and exploitation in the eye and where necessary, spit in it.
The core of his analysis rests on the assumption that Africa — far from standing outside the world system — has been crucial to the growth of capitalism in the West. Thus, in his extensive account of African history from the early African empires through to the modern day, Rodney shows how the West built immense industrial and colonial empires on the backs of African slave labor, devastating natural resources and African societies in the process.
He thus situates underdevelopment within the contradictory process of capitalism, one that both creates value and wealth for the exploiters while immiserating the exploited.
Rodney writes: The peasants and workers of Europe and eventually the inhabitants of the whole world paid a huge price so that the capitalists could make their profit from the human labor that always lies behind the machines…. It was to the three major powers involved in the slave trade — Britain, France and Portugal —that massive profits accrued.
From its economic foundation in slavery, the range of exports from Africa narrowed to just a few commodities, undermining the development of productive capacity in Africa itself.
These trade relations meant that technological development stagnated, creating a barrier to innovation within Africa itself, even in regions not directly engaged in the slave trade, because of the distorting influence on relations overall.
The lines of economic activity attached to foreign trade were either destructive, as slavery was, or at best purely extractive.
By the s, colonial powers had expanded into new African territory, primarily through the use of force, further consolidating imperial powers and rivalries. Colonised Africans, like pre-colonial African chattel slaves, were pushed around into positions which suited European interests and which were damaging to the African continent and its peoples.
Workers went on strike and engaged in boycotts, and nationalist organizations — many of them illegal — were formed from the earliest days of colonial rule. Yet African resistance during that period was caught between larger forces.
The increasingly intense economic competition in European capitalism that eventually exploded into World War I likewise spilled over into military clashes in Africa. Colonial brutality was the standard practice across virtually the entire continent, with the chief aim of leveraging force to subdue resistance and to extract profits. Turning Africa into a conveyor belt for raw materials and industrial goods required transportation and communication systems and, as Rodney describes, a pacified — and minimally educated — labor force.
The major powers on the continent set up administrative apparatuses that in some cases utilized local rulers, but, as Rodney writes, in no instance would the colonizers accept African self-rule.
Infrastructure such as roads were built not only to facilitate the movement of commodities and machinery, but also that of the colonial armies and police relied upon to discipline the indigenous population, whether the expulsion of people from their land or the forced cultivation of cash crops.Colonised Africans, like pre-colonial African chattel slaves, were pushed around into positions which suited European interests and which were damaging to the African continent and its peoples.
Rodney had determined that the only path to true human development and liberation for the majority of the people of his country was through the transformation of their own lives in a struggle to replace and reshape the neo-colonialist government that dominated their society and prescribed their existence.
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Colonised Africans, like pre-colonial African chattel slaves, were pushed around into positions which suited European interests and which were damaging to the African continent and its peoples. Franz Fanon similarly demonstrated the significance of imperial rule with the following analogy: Colonialism and imperialism have not settled their debt to us once they have withdrawn their flag and their police force from our territories.
She writes how he was influenced by Marxist ideas and remains central to the Pan-Africanist canon for many on the left. Human guinea pigs "band together" and win a pay hike. To make sure your calendar, event reminders, and other features are always correct, please tell us your time zone and other details using the drop-down menus below: