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The gnostic Bible/edited by Willis Barnstone and Marvin Meyer.—1st ed. p. cm. Marvin Meyer on gnostic texts by providing sabbatical leaves and financial as-. The Gnostic Bible: Gnostic Texts of Mystical Wisdom form the I was very disappointed by this purchase, as it was NOT the Gnostic Bible as advertised. While. with it is the Gospel of Philip, which attributes to Jesus acts and sayings quite . it as "insight," for gnosis involves an intuitive process of knowing oneself. And to.

The Gnostic Bible Pdf

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same volume with it is the Gospel of Philip, which attributes to Jesus acts and serpent, long known to appear in Gnostic literature as the principle of divine. writings, called the Gnostic gospels were found in 13 leather-bound papyrus However, for their system of thought to fit with Christianity, Jesus needed to. THE GNOSTIC BIBLE EDITED BY Willis Barnstone and Marvin Meyer SHAMBHALA Boston & London Shambhala Publications, Inc. Horticultural Hall

As the letters of Paul demonstrate, disputing over doctrinal and ethical matters is as old as the existence of Christian churches. Thanks to both of them and best wishes for many happy years together! Lattke , This is particularly true for the Fourth Gospel, the product of a Christian-Gnostic- Jewish syncretism within the late Hellenistic era and Roman empire. The early Catholic church snatched John away from the growing Gnostic movement and canonized it by redaction and the formation of Ephesian legends.

For the time be- ing this concealed the strange ambivalence of John. The question is, however, whether canonical ecclesiastical interpretation of the Gospel attributed to John the disciple who is not even mentioned in John! I rather think that the Christian canonization of John resulted in the breaking off of the gnosticising trajectory in which the Gospel had its religions geschichtlich origin. Although John is a mixture of non-synoptic tradition dealing with the miracle- worker and Messiah Jesus, protological christology, Gnostic revelation terminol- ogy and radically dualistic mythology of salvation though without great interest in theogony and cosmogony , one must realize that its conception expresses a rathet simple and unified general idea.

There is an ongoing controversy about the original emphasis of John. This mythological soteriology is neither directly nor dialectically connected with a the- ology of salvation-history and an eschatological kerygma of the crucified Jesus of Nazareth. This has to be said in dissociation from interpretations which a allow the so-called Old Testament a strong influence on John, b assume an unbroken continuity of John with earlier Christian theologies, christologies or even the his- torical Jesus, c maintain the full integration of passion and crucifixion into John's 66 o-christology, and d even claim an antidocetic emphasis of John on incarnation.

Dualism of John Without taking the Gnostic dualism into full account we cannot understand John cf. Leroy ; Rudolph , According to John there are two spheres, the region of, salvation on the one hand and the realm of condemnation on the other hand. Both are radically opposed to each other and separated from each other in a hostile way. The mythological personification of heaven or above comprises first of all the Father, with whom the Son is in eternal unity, and then, apart from the nupdxl,r'1tog , 26; ; , all children of God also called children of light The sphere of salvation is characterized by doxa, light, truth and, atrove all, life, eternal life.

The opposite sphere, the x6opoq or below, is character- ized by darkness, lie and death. The dualism, simply stated by John and without cosmogonical interest, does not mean that the opponents are of equal power or value and exist side by side, as it were, in a static and completed way. The dynamics of revelation, understood as xploq, and redemption, are still at work. On the other hand, however, one should Majella Franzmann - Michael Lattke not take the sting of predestination out of John's dualism by reducing it, in terms of ethics, existential philosophy or theology of revelation, to what has been called Ent s che idun g s dualis mus.

Within this radical dualism John develops a very specific eschatology.

It is characteristic for this eschatology that eternal life appears to be a reality now, i. John's eschatology is not concerned with the living future of the world as God's creation. Since the structure of John's Gnostic dualism is basi- cally ahistorical its Eoyanov consists in the final separation of those called to heaven from the wodd left to its own devices and thereby eternally condemned.

According to John redemption, or salvation, is not xcrLvrl xdotg 2 Cot but Entw e ltlichun g and Ent g e s chichtlic hung. Lattte a but only in the deliverance from the world, i. That is why anthropology appears so abstract and concrete ethics has no place in John. Salvation, however, is indissol- ubly tied to the knowing ywriroxeLv of and unity with the saviour.

The Johannine Jesus belongs always as Son to the heavenly sphere of salva- tion. The Son sent down corresponds to the Father who sent him. The eternal unity of Father and Son ist one of the specific features of John ; l7:ll.

Being God qualifies the Son of God to be revealer of salvation in such an exclusive way that he ls salvation personified. He is eternal life because his essence is heavenly 56 cx. John's basic statement is not the paradox that the crucified Jesus is the Messiah and Son of God eschatologically exalted. His message is rather that the protologi- cal, unworldly and heavenly Son and revealer of salvation carries the name Jesus. Although this does not radically historicise John's Gnostic mythology it modifies it in a decisive way.

John not only takes note of the historical fact of Jesus' death on a Roman cross, but probably even uses a non-Synoptic passion narrative as a source of its own. This explains why the return of the envoy to the glory of his Father is via the cross.

Even John's Jesus has to die, though rather majestically. At any rate, the specific Johannine-Gnostic mythology makes its mark on Jesus, changing him to the Johannine Jesus. By adopting Jesus-i"6yro Jesus-oqpelcr and even the literary genre er oyy6l,tov cf. Leroy John apparently sets great store by Christian tradition.

Never- theless one wonders whether John has a real interest in the question who Jesus was. If it is right that John is primarily concerned with the problem and process of salvation then it is understandable why there is such a stress in John on the sav- iour.

By virtue of its Gnostic dualism on the one hand and its specific idea of unity on the other hand cf. Lattke a, passim John's position is beyond the alterna- tive of theocentricity christocentricity and soteriocentricity.

Gnostic Jesuses and the Gnostic Jesus of John It is not the completely different language and terminology as such, but the pe- culiar concept of the world and the human being including Jesus in their relation to God's word and power, which must decide whether the Jesus of John, Johannine theology and pisteology can lay claim to the truth of the Christian situyy6l,tov.

Cited Literature Arai, Sasaga. Leiden: Brill.

Evans, Craig A. Gdrtner, Bertil. London: Collins. Gilhus, Ingvild S. Nu' men 31, L Heldermann, Jan. Baarda; A. Klijn; W. Leiden: Brill, 1. Kasser, Rodolphe. Prdsentation et commentaire thdologique. Lattke, Michael. Die spezifische Bedeutung von uy6. Miinchen: Kcisel. BiKi 30, Il8-I Latlke, Michael. ZNW 73, Colloquium , Lelyveld, Margaretha.

Les logia de la vie dans I'Evangile selon Thomas. A la recherche d'une tradition et d'une rddaction NHS Leroy, Herbert. Pearson, Birger A. Reim, Giinter. Studies in New Testament Language and Text. Essays in Honour of George D. Kilpatrick on the Oc- casion of his sixty-fifth Birthday. Elliott NT. Leiden: Brill, Robinson, Gesine: Goehring et al. Forum Fascicles 2. Sono- ma, CA: Polebridge, Robinson, James M.

Layton SHR Leiden: Brill, Rudolph, Kurt. Halle Saale , 19 The Nature and History of Gnosticisn. Theobald, Michael. NTA NF Truth appeared; all its emanations recognized it. They actually greeted the Father with a power which is complete and which joins them with the Father. For each one loves truth because truth is the mouth of the Father.

His tongue is the Holy Spirit, who joins him to truth attaching him to the mouth of the Father by his tongue at the time he shall receive the Holy Spirit. This is the manifestation of the Father and his revelation to his Aeons. He revealed his hidden self and explained it. For who is it who exists if it is not the Father himself?

The Gnostic Bible: Gnostic Texts of Mystical Wisdom form the

All the spaces are his emanations. They knew that they stem from him as children from a perfect man. They knew that they had not yet received form nor had they yet received a name, every one of which the Father produces. If they at that time receive form of his knowledge, though they are truly in him, they do not know him. But the Father is perfect. He knows every space which is within him. If he pleases, he reveals anyone whom he desires by giving him a form and by giving him a name; and he does give him a name and cause him to come into being.

Those who do not yet exist are ignorant of him who created them. I do not say, then, that those who do not yet exist are nothing. But they are in him who will desire that they exist when he pleases, like the event which is going to happen. On the one hand, he knows, before anything is revealed, what he will produce. On the other hand, the fruit which has not yet been revealed does not know anything, nor is it anything either.

Thus each space which, on its part, is in the Father comes from the existent one, who, on his part, has established it from the nonexistent. What, then, is that which he wants him to think? Thus they were ignorant of the Father; he is the one whom they did not see. Since there had been fear and confusion and a lack of confidence and doublemindness and division, there were many illusions which were conceived by him, the foregoing, as well as empty ignorance - as if they were fast asleep and found themselves a prey to troubled dreams.

Either there is a place to which they flee, or they lack strength as they come, having pursued unspecified things. Either they are involved in inflicting blows, or they themselves receive bruises. Either they are falling from high places, or they fly off through the air, though they have no wings at all. Other times, it is as if certain people were trying to kill them, even though there is no one pursuing them; or, they themselves are killing those beside them, for they are stained by their blood.

Until the moment when they who are passing through all these things - I mean they who have experienced all these confusions - awake, they see nothing because the dreams were nothing. It is thus that they who cast ignorance from them as sleep do not consider it to be anything, nor regard its properties to be something real, but they renounce them like a dream in the night and they consider the knowledge of the Father to be the dawn.

It is thus that each one has acted, as if he were asleep, during the time when he was ignorant and thus he comes to understand, as if he were awakening. And happy is the man who comes to himself and awakens.

Indeed, blessed is he who has opened the eyes of the blind. And the Spirit came to him in haste when it raised him. Having given its hand to the one lying prone on the ground, it placed him firmly on his feet, for he had not yet stood up. He gave them the means of knowing the knowledge of the Father and the revelation of his son. For when they saw it and listened to it, he permitted them to take a taste of and to smell and to grasp the beloved son.

He appeared, informing them of the Father, the illimitable one. He inspired them with that which is in the mind, while doing his will. Many received the light and turned towards him. But material men were alien to him and did not discern his appearance nor recognize him.

For he came in the likeness of flesh and nothing blocked his way because it was incorruptible and unrestrainable. Moreover, while saying new things, speaking about what is in the heart of the Father, he proclaimed the faultless word. Light spoke through his mouth, and his voice brought forth life. He gave them thought and understanding and mercy and salvation and the Spirit of strength derived from the limitlessness of the Father and sweetness. He caused punishments and scourgings to cease, for it was they which caused many in need of mercy to astray from him in error and in chains - and he mightily destroyed them and derided them with knowledge.

He became a path for those who went astray and knowledge to those who were ignorant, a discovery for those who sought, and a support for those who tremble, a purity for those who were defiled. He is the shepherd who left behind the ninety-nine sheep which had not strayed and went in search of that one which was lost. He rejoiced when he had found it. For ninety-nine is a number of the left hand, which holds it. The moment he finds the one, however, the whole number is transferred to the right hand.

Thus it is with him who lacks the one, that is, the entire right hand which attracts that in which it is deficient, seizes it from the left side and transfers it to the right. In this way, then, the number becomes one hundred. This number signifies the Father. He labored even on the Sabbath for the sheep which he found fallen into the pit.

He saved the life of that sheep, bringing it up from the pit in order that you may understand fully what that Sabbath is, you who possess full understanding. It is a day in which it is not fitting that salvation be idle, so that you may speak of that heavenly day which has no night and of the sun which does not set because it is perfect.

Say then in your heart that you are this perfect day and that in you the light which does not fail dwells. Speak concerning the truth to those who seek it and of knowledge to those who, in their error, have committed sin. Make sure-footed those who stumble and stretch forth your hands to the sick. Nourish the hungry and set at ease those who are troubled. Foster men who love. Raise up and awaken those who sleep. For you are this understanding which encourages. If the strong follow this course, they are even stronger.

Turn your attention to yourselves. Do not be concerned with other things, namely, that which you have cast forth from yourselves, that which you have dismissed. Do not return to them to eat them. Do not be moth-eaten. Do not be worm-eaten, for you have already shaken it off.

Do not be a place of the devil, for you have already destroyed him. Do not strengthen your last obstacles, because that is reprehensible.

For the lawless one is nothing. He harms himself more than the law. For that one does his works because he is a lawless person. But this one, because he is a righteous person, does his works among others. Do the will of the Father, then, for you are from him.

For the Father is sweet and his will is good. He knows the things that are yours, so that you may rest yourselves in them. For by the fruits one knows the things that are yours, that they are the children of the Father, and one knows his aroma, that you originate from the grace of his countenance. For this reason, the Father loved his aroma; and it manifests itself in every place; and when it is mixed with matter, he gives his aroma to the light; and into his rest he causes it to ascend in every form and in every sound.

For there are no nostrils which smell the aroma, but it is the Spirit which possesses the sense of smell and it draws it for itself to itself and sinks into the aroma of the Father. He is, indeed, the place for it, and he takes it to the place from which it has come, in the first aroma which is cold. It is something in a psychic form, resembling cold water which is [ If a breath is taken, it is usually hot. The cold aromas, then, are from the division.

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For this reason, God came and destroyed the division and he brought the hot Pleroma of love, so that the cold may not return, but the unity of the Perfect Thought prevail.

This is the word of the Gospel of the finding of the Pleroma for those who wait for the salvation which comes from above. When their hope, for which they are waiting, is waiting - they whose likeness is the light in which there is no shadow, then at that time the Pleroma is about to come. The deficiency of matter, however, is not because of the limitlessness of the Father who comes at the time of the deficiency.

And yet no one is able to say that the incorruptible One will come in this manner. But the depth of the Father is increasing, and the thought of error is not with him. It is a matter of falling down and a matter of being readily set upright at the finding of that one who has come to him who will turn back.

For this turning back is called "repentance". For this reason, incorruption has breathed.

It followed him who has sinned in order that he may find rest. For forgiveness is that which remains for the light in the deficiency, the word of the pleroma.

For the physician hurries to the place in which there is sickness, because that is the desire which he has. The sick man is in a deficient condition, but he does not hide himself because the physician possesses that which he lacks.

In this manner the deficiency is filled by the Pleroma, which has no deficiency, which has given itself out in order to fill the one who is deficient, so that grace may take him, then, from the area which is deficient and has no grace. Because of this a diminishing occurred in the place which there is no grace, the area where the one who is small, who is deficient, is taken hold of. He revealed himself as a Pleroma, i. For this reason, they who have been troubled speak about Christ in their midst so that they may receive a return and he may anoint them with the ointment.

The ointment is the pity of the Father, who will have mercy on them. But those whom he has anointed are those who are perfect. For the filled vessels are those which are customarily used for anointing. But when an anointing is finished, the vessel is usually empty, and the cause of its deficiency is the consumption of its ointment. For then a breath is drawn only through the power which he has.

But the one who is without deficiency - one does not trust anyone beside him nor does one pour anything out. But that which is the deficient is filled again by the perfect Father. He is good. He knows his plantings because he is the one who has planted them in his Paradise.

And his Paradise is his place of rest. This is the perfection in the thought of the Father and these are the words of his reflection. Each one of his words is the work of his will alone, in the revelation of his Logos.

Since they were in the depth of his mind, the Logos, who was the first to come forth, caused them to appear, along with an intellect which speaks the unique word by means of a silent grace. It was called "thought," since they were in it before becoming manifest. It happened, then, that it was the first to come forth - at the moment pleasing to the will of him who desired it; and it is in the will that the Father is at rest and with which he is pleased.

Nothing happens without him, nor does anything occur without the will of the Father. But his will is incomprehensible. His will is his mark, but no one can know it, nor is it possible for them to concentrate on it in order to possess it.

But that which he wishes takes place at the moment he wishes it - even if the view does not please anyone: For the Father knows the beginning of them all as well as their end. For when their end arrives, he will question them to their faces. The end, you see, is the recognition of him who is hidden, that is, the Father, from whom the beginning came forth and to whom will return all who have come from him.

For they were made manifest for the glory and the joy of his name. And the name of the Father is the Son. It is he who, in the beginning, gave a name to him who came forth from him - he is the same one - and he begat him for a son. He gave him his name which belonged to him - he, the Father, who possesses everything which exists around him. He possess the name; he has the son. It is possible for them to see him. Moreover, as for the Father, his name is not pronounced, but it is revealed through a son.

Thus, then, the name is great. Who, then, has been able to pronounce a name for him, this great name, except him alone to whom the name belongs and the sons of the name in whom the name of the Father is at rest, and who themselves in turn are at rest in his name, since the Father has no beginning?

It is he alone who engendered it for himself as a name in the beginning before he had created the Aeons, that the name of the Father should be over their heads as a lord - that is, the real name, which is secure by his authority and by his perfect power.

For the name is not drawn from lexicons nor is his name derived from common name-giving, But it is invisible. He gave a name to himself alone, because he alone saw it and because he alone was capable of giving himself a name. For he who does not exist has no name. For what name would one give him who did not exist? Nevertheless, he who exists also with his name and he alone knows it, and to him alone the Father gave a name. The Son is his name.

He did not, therefore, keep it secretly hidden, but the son came into existence. He himself gave a name to him. The name, then, is that of the Father, just as the name of the Father is the Son.This is true gnosis, according to the Sants.

If it is right that John is primarily concerned with the problem and process of salvation then it is understandable why there is such a stress in John on the sav- iour.

Gnosticism Definition, Beliefs and an Explanation

He would also be more in danger from the flesh itself, the more he took it on as a real form. When he comes to that stage when the great kettle-drum is being heard, he should try to distinguish only sounds more and more subtle.

He is unsearchable [since there] exists no one prior to him to [examine him. For behold, even the Archigenetor of our birth, about which we boast, even he did not know this Sound. The creator god, known as Ialdabaoth a name probably derived from Judaic mysticism , became arrogant and boasted to "the multitude of angels around him The gospel of truth is joy to those who have received from the Father of truth the gift of knowing him by the power of the Logos, who has come from the Pleroma and who is in the thought and the mind of the Father; he it is who is called "the Savior," since that is the name of the work which he must do for the redemption of those who have not known the Father.