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PYRAMID PRINCIPLE PDF

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Pyramid Principle - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. At McKinsey, one of the lessons I learned was the importance of structured thinking and communication. We often had to crisply present a. The Pyramid Principle is Barbara Minto's powerful and compelling process for producing everyday business documents. All rights are reserved to Minto Books.


Pyramid Principle Pdf

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Consulting-The-pyramid-principlepdf (产1 0-冲♀← ι电:jGS 川习 I I D THE MINTO PYRAMID L). Books The Minto Pyramid Principle Logic In Writing Thinking Amp Pdf the pyramid structure - welcome site/user administrator - consultingmethodology page 1 of. The Pyramid Principle Betters Your. Communication by Helping Your Thinking. Leverages the mind's natural inclination to process information logically.

This section is a11 you need to read to be able to understand and apply the technique to simple documents. It gives many examples, and emphasizes the importance to clarity of forcing yourself to go through this process of "Hard-Headed Thinking. It is meant mainly for people who write consulting documents or who need to do analyses of complex problems and then present their conclusions to people who must take action based on them.

It explains how to use a variety of frameworks to structure your analysis at various stages in the problem-solving process, so that the thinking can be in effect pre-organized to fit easily into a pyramid structure. There are also three appendices.

The first deals with the differences between ana- lytical and scientific problem solving, while the second gives examples of various common patterns employed in writing introductions. The final appendix presents a complete outline of the points made in the book, highlighting the major concepts and thinking techniques for easy recall. Applying the Minto Pyramid Principle still requires considerable discipline. Never- theless, by deliberately forcing yourse!

The purpose of this rnernorandurn is to pull together sorne ideas for further reflection and discussion in such questions as: Cornposition of the Board and its optirnurn size 2. A conception of the broad roles of the Board and the Executive Cornrnittee, the specific responsibilities of each, and the relationship of one to the other 3.

Making the outside Board rnernber an effective participant 4. Sorne principlcs dealing with the selection of Board rnernbers and their tenure 5.

The Minto Pyramid Principle concentrates on

Alternate ways for the cornpany to get frorn where it is to where it wants to be in Board and Executive Cornrnittee operations.

Note how much more easily you comprehend the memorandum's purpose and message when it is forced to fit the narrative mold: Consequently, it rnust consider the changes needed to perrnit itself to do so. Specifically, we believe it should: In sum l1ary, the introduction tells the reader, in story form, what he already knows or could reasonably be expected to know about the subject you are discussing, and thus reminds him of the question he has to which he can expect the document to give him an answer.

The story sets forth the Situation within which a Complication developed that triggered the Question to which your document will now give the Answer. Once you state the Answer the point at the top of your pyramid , it will raise a new question in the reader's mind that you will answer on the line below. The existence of these three substructures-i. Knowing the vertical relationship, you can determine the kind of message the ideas grouped below must convey i.

Knowing the. And- most important-knowing the reader's beginning question wiU ensure that all the ideas you do bring together are relevant i. Naturally, you want to go about applying these insights in an order1y way, and that's what Chapter 3 will tell you how to do.

This sense of uncertainty persists despite knowing that the ideas you eventually put down, whatever they be, must end up forming a pyramid. Nevertheless, there is a good deal you do know about your end product that you can build on. To begin with, you know that you will have a sentence at the top of the pyramid that will have a subject and a predicate.

You also know that the subject of that sentence will be the subject of your document. In addition, you know that the sentence will serve as the answer to a question that a 1ready exists in the reader's mind. And that question will have arisen because of a situation with which the reader is familiar within which a complication developed with which he is also familiar that raised the question that caused you to need to write in the first place. You may even know roughly some of the points you want to make.

That is quite a bit to know.

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You can use this knowledge in building your pyramid ,either by starting at the top and working do vn, or by starting at the bottom and working up. The first way is generally easier than the second, and so should be tried firs t. You don't want simply to sit down and begin writing the opening paragraph of the introduction, however.

Instead, you want to use the structure of the introductory flow to pull the right points out of your head, one at a time. To do so, 1 suggest you follow the procedure shown in Exhibit 4 and described below. Draw a DOx. This represents the box at the top of your pyramid.

The Minto pyramid principle : logic in writing, thinking, and problem solving

Write down in it the subject you are discussing, if you know it. If not, move on to step two. Oecide the Question.

Visualize your reader. To whom are you writing, and what question do you want to have answered in his mind about the Subject when you have finished writing?

Any point you make must raise a question in the readers mind, which you must answer horizontally on the line below. The points in the line below must not only answer the question above, but also answer it logically in an inductive or deductive grouping.

In the introduction you follow the classic narrative pattern of story-telling you take the audience by the hand and start with the situation description, then you introduce the ConsultingMethodology. Situation - telling the listener in story form what he already knows. Complication describes the reason for your engagement, a change to a before stable situation. Question defines the scope and goal of your engagement.

Answer is the goal of your engagement, e. The answer is your first key line point. In the main part you start with the answer at the top of the pyramid and answer all logical questions in the lines below. The technique forces you to provide only the information relevant to the question. When you are at the bottom of the pyramid you best pause and make summary before going on.

Then you get back to the original question and you move horizontally from the first key line which you just summarised to the next key line. Some useful guidance Sort out the introductory information first so that you leave yourself free to concentrate solely on ideas at the lower levels.

Always put historical chronology in the introduction. You cannot tell the listener what happened in the main part.

Limit the introduction to what the listener will agree is true. Key lines must be expressed as ideas or statement and not as single words. Even if not always all elements of Situation-Complication-Solution need to be included in the introduction, the author should be aware of them.

Dont give findings that do not lead to conclusions. Dont state conclusions that are not based on findings. Theoretically, having a proper introduction and a pyramid structure of the body you dont need a concluding statement.

Rather than repeating your key line, you may try to produce an emotion in the listener, when stating your conclusion. You may end with a Next Steps chapter, however, be sure the listener agrees to your next steps. Example of a directive: S We want to do X. C We need you to do Y. Q How? A List of steps.

Logic should flow through slide, from general premises to specific implications Move from easy-to-grasp ideas to hard-to-understand ideas Make logic parallel Select words carefully, know your audience Page These Additional Rules of Thumb Should Be Considered When Writing Slides Graphs and diagrams should be used to convey points where possible Attempt to move beyond basic bullet point slides Think about alternative ways to present information All sources of data, ideas, and quotes should be identified Attributing sources builds credibility for the presentation Sources should be identified with enough detailed to enable specificity if asked Footnotes should be used to provide additional detail or explanation for a point made in the body of the slide Most commonly used to supplement quantitative analysis Including footnotes builds credibility for the presentation Bulleted text outlines are easier to read when written as columns Always ensure consistency of font type, font sizes on a page when possible , table shadings, table style, line and arrow thickness, shadows off-setting, shadow color, font color throughout any document.

Using the Pyramid Involves Checking the Vertical and Horizontal Relationships Ensure that sub-points fit their summary point check vertical relationships.

Sub-points must answer the question the summary point raises, amplifying, clarifying or providing context for the summary point The answers to "why" questions are reasons The answers to "how" questions are steps Sub-points must provide necessary and sufficient logical support to show that the summary statement follows from the sub-points In chart documents, exhibits also must support their headlines Class groupings must be properly defined and grouped No misfit ideas - those that are at a different level of abstraction or that do not point to the same conclusion No overlaps confused logic No gaps incomplete thinking Order of the grouping must be validated Opportunities for further grouping must be explored esp.

Storyboard the presentation Focus on developing logic to reach the so what Remember: All of your analysis does not have to be included Draft slide titles to tell the story Create blank slides with titles, fill in exhibit or text when available.

Be aware of your audience Identify hot buttons Adapt presentation style to the clients culture e. These Slide Writing Conventions, with the Pyramid Structure, Will Improve Presentations The Final Thoughts Pyramid Logic Structure enables persuasive, hypothesis-driven presentations to be written A storyboard of each presentation should be created before any slides are written to build the logic for the Pyramid Structure The slide titles should tell the complete story by laying out the horizontal logic of the Pyramid The information included in the body of each slide, as well as the groupings of these slides into sections, should create the vertical logic of the Pyramid Following these slide writing and graph selection rules of thumb will ensure a persuasive, actionable presentation is created.

[PDF] The Pyramid Principle: Logic in Writing and Thinking (Financial Times Series) [Download]

Pyramid Principle Uploaded by pereirajoel Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Thus, every written document should be deliberately structured to form a pyramid of ideas. All of your analysis does not have to be included Draft slide titles to tell the story Create blank slides with titles, fill in exhibit or text when available Use the storyboard to drive the presentation Be aware of your audience Identify hot buttons Adapt presentation style to the clients culture e.

Documents Similar To Pyramid Principle.Even if they do think exactly as you do, not stating your logic upfront makes the task of listening more difficult. Rather than repeating your key line, you may try to produce an emotion in the listener, when stating your conclusion. All of your analysis does not have to be included Draft slide titles to tell the story Create blank slides with titles, fill in exhibit or text when available.

To make sure he finds the one you intended, you must tell him in advance what it is-—to make sure he knows what to look for.

You also know that the subject of that sentence will be the subject of your document. She began her career on the staff of Cyrus Eaton, the industrialist who founded the famous Pugwash Conferences of nuclear scientists.