POLITICAL PONEROLOGY PDF
Andrew M. Łobaczewski. P O L I T I C A L. P O N E R O L O G Y. A science on the nature of evil adjusted for political purposes. Translated from the original Polish. Dr. Andrew Lobaczewski's Political. Ponerology: A Science on the Nature of Evil. Adjusted for Political Purposes, the complete text, is available. Political Ponerology is shocking in its clinically spare descriptions of the true nature of evil. It is poignant in its more literary passages revealing the immense.
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Editorial Reviews. Review. Political Ponerology is fascinating, essential reading. --Philip Zimbardo, author of The Lucifer Effect This is an extraordinary book. Political Ponerology. Is every individual in the family lineage of Bush helpless victims of Political Ponerology? The. 1. Family of Bush continue business. NEW: Political Ponerology is now available in German (preview here) from Pilule Rouge. REVIEWS AND ENDORSEMENTS. "This is an extraordinary book.".
Dramatic and distracting hand movements, "close-talking," and intensive eye contact, all of which tend to confuse the listener, often accompany their long-winded speech.
Most of their victims are taken in not by what they say, but how they say it. Genetic nature: The presence in psychopathy in a much larger percentage of men than women suggests an X-chromosome-linked heredity. The scope of essential psychopathy ranges from barely noticeable even to experienced observers to obviously pathological.
Special knowledge: Essential psychopaths possess an ability to recognize each other in a crowd. Normal humans, unaware of the psychological differences between psychopaths and themselves, assume that these displays of emotion are evidence of the actual emotion.
Cleckley hypothesizes that psychopaths cannot distinguish between their pseudo-intentions, pseudo-feelings, pseudo-remorse, and their normal human counterparts. Instead of thinking that normal humans have something that psychopaths do not i.
They are like a color-blind man who thinks everyone else is crazy for responding differently to so many shades of the same color. Their pathological egotism prohibits them from finding fault in themselves, thus projecting all blame to an external cause. However, ASPD refers specifically to a cluster of antisocial behaviors. As such, many criminals are labeled as ASPD who are not, in fact, psychopaths.
Bad Childhoods: While many believe psychopaths become the way they are from abusive childhood experiences, there is no evidence to suggest this is true.
Most children who suffer abusive childhoods do not become psychopaths, and many psychopaths grow up in healthy families. Some attachment difficulties in infancy are a symptom of psychopathy, not a cause.
Hare, , , "He can change! One violent offender was forced to take group therapy. While he dominated the group, the therapist eventually said he saw improvement and regret in the subject. Who gave them a license to practice? They teach you how to put the squeeze on people. While there are perhaps only serial killers in America, Hare calculates that for every psychopathic serial killer, there are 20 to 30 thousand psychopaths who do not commit serial murder.
His estimate of the total number of psychopaths in America 2 to 3 million is a conservative projection.
It is based on evidence that genetic factors contribute to the biological bases of brain function and to the basic personality structure, which in turn influence the way the individual responds to, and interacts with life experiences and the social environment. In effect, the elements needed for the development of psychopathy - including a profound inability to experience empathy and the complete range of emotions, including fear - are provided in part by nature and possibly by some unknown biological influences on the developing fetus and neonate.
As a result, the capacity for developing internal controls and conscience and for making emotional "connections" with others is greatly reduced. But it does mean that their biological endowment - the raw material that environmental, social, and learning experiences fashion into a unique individual - provides a poor basis for socialization and conscience formation.
To use a simple analogy, the potter is instrumental in molding pottery from clay nurture , but the characteristics of the pottery also depend on the sort of clay available nature. Social factors and parenting practices influence the way the disorder develops and is expressed in behavior. Another individual, with much the same personality traits but from a deprived and disturbed background, might become a drifter, mercenary, or violent criminal.
No amount of social conditioning will by itself generate a capacity for caring about others or a powerful sense of right and wrong. He will delight you with his wit and his plans.
He will show you a good time, but you will always get the bill. He will smile and deceive you, and he will scare you with his eyes. And when he is through with you, and he will be through with you, he will desert you and take with him your innocence and your pride. You will be left much sadder but not a lot wiser, and for a long time you will wonder what happened and what you did wrong. And if another of his kind comes knocking at your door, will you open it? I look for an angle, an edge, figure out what you need and give it to you.
I tighten the screws. They expertly tell "unlikely but convincing" stories about themselves, and often attempt to appear well versed in any number of subjects, using technical language that will fool most laymen but not an expert.
Hare, Eccentric and Grandiose: Hare writes, "Psychopaths have a narcissistic and grossly inflated view of their self-worth and importance, a truly astounding egocentricity and sense of entitlement, and see themselves as the center of the universe, as superior beings who are justified in living according to their own rules… Psychopaths come across as arrogant, shameless braggarts - self-assured, opinionated, domineering, and cocky.
They love to have power and control over others and seem unable to believe that other people have valid opinions different from theirs. One psychopath, when asked to rate himself on a point scale rated himself, "an all-around I would have said 12, but that would be bragging. Hare, 38 Lack of Remorse or Guilt: Psychopaths have a complete lack of guilt for the immense harm they do to others.
When it suits there needs, they may proclaim to feel remorse, but unknowingly contradict themselves in words and actions. One psychopath said that a man he murdered had benefited from this, learning a hard lesson about life.
Good Times, Bad Times: The Hysteroidal Cycle. Many factors contribute to the development of our personality. Our natural world view and our behavior are conditioned by our society and family upbringing, and by our individual and collective genetic endowment: While the emotionally active instinctive substratum of animals is the main dictator of their behavior, ours is more receptive to the control of reasoning.
Its emotional basis forms the foundation for our feelings and social bonds which allow us to perceive psychological states, human customs and morals.
In short, it is designed to support social cooperation and the survival of the group, sometimes in contrast to the equally strong instinct of self-preservation. Differences between individuals and between nations are thus similarly influenced, giving rise to the rich and varied cultures of the world. Significantly, similarities among cultures show certain universal characteristics which obviously derive from the genetic nature of our species. Interracial differences in the instinctive substratum are much less striking than the difference between normal humans and carriers of certain defects of the instinctive substratum of the same race.
While objectivity is possible in tracking the causes of our personality, using the same logical and methodological principles as in other sciences, we have a natural tendency to affirm that we freely choose our own intentions and behaviors. We reject the external conditions that influence our actions and form our personalities. Thus, our natural world view is not perfect.
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It does not always mirror objective reality, and we are often illogical in our beliefs and decision-making as a result. Luckily, the better our understanding of human causation, the better we can liberate ourselves from the conditioning the hinders our comprehension and decision-making. Emotional Reactions: As a result of our instinct and errors in our upbringing, our emotional reactions some of which are explained below are rarely appropriate to the situations that spark them.
A common example would be taking offence to objective criticism, and making a rash decision based on a temporary emotional reaction.
Moralizing Interpretation: Humans naturally and instinctively fail to distinguish between moral evil and biological evil. We often endow our opinions with moral judgment, as if our way of thinking were best simply because it is our own. We then apply this mode of thinking to others whose behavior we see as improper.
Thus we deem such individuals "bad", inferring that they have negative intentions, rather than attempting to understand the psychological conditions that are driving them and which convince them that they are doing what is right.
Often these conditions include brain damage or hereditary psychopathologies. The common 'moralizing' approach can be summarized as follows: Psychopaths have little to no real choice in how they act as they cannot empathize or sympathize; they cannot view other humans as anything other but objects to be used for their advantage — they "lack the hardware," so to speak. We should offer token sympathy, because they literally have no choice in the matter.
PDF - Political Ponerology
Their very genetic code predisposes them toward predatory behavior. They are, as Robert Hare terms them, an intraspecies predator. A moralizing interpretation often leads to erroneous behavior, such as a desire for revenge, which itself opens the door for further ponerogenic factors.
Often, exaggerated displays of such emotionally loaded interpretations such as those of Bill O'Reilly or Glen Beck , for example are themselves indications of pathological egotism. Critically Corrective Interpretation: As opposed to a pathological acceptance by one psychological deviant of the work of another, normal humans often apply a critically corrective interpretation to such material.
Because of their richer psychological worldview, normal people will often trivialize glaring errors and project their own understanding onto the work of someone who lacks such abilities.
This can cause an individual to accept material that is actually contrary to their morals or beliefs, e. Self-Protection Reflex: Our near-reflex quickness at controlling anyone that poses as a threat to our group is encoded at the instinctual level.
This reflex is accompanied by a moralizing interpretation to human behavior. Normal Psychological Types: Among normal humans, the dynamism of the instinctive substratum differs.
For some, reason easily overpowers the emotional instinct; for others, the instincts overpower the intellect. Some seem to have a richer and more developed substratum than others.
These differences must be taken into account when attempting to achieve an objective look at reality. Lack of Universality: The natural worldview only applies to the vast majority of humanity. There is, however, a statistically small segment of the human population who have quite a different worldview. These individuals are discussed in the Psychopaths: Almost Human section above. As such, the natural worldview has limited applicability. We manage to live our lives with only our emotional thinking and the pursuit of happiness, but these are insufficient tools when dealing with psychopathology.
Egotism of the Natural World View: Some people with a highly developed natural worldview of psychological, societal, moral aspects tend to overvalue their own worldview, seeing it as an objective basis for judging others. While this is the least pernicious form of egotism, being based in humanistic principles, the refusal to admit to the possibility of error can have a stifling effect on counteractive measures against macrosocial disease.
For example, a strong belief that all humans are born equal and created in God's image can lead to an "egalitarian" acceptance of pathological individuals and their distorted world view. Similar dynamics occur with strong beliefs in freedom of speech, freedom to pursue happiness, the "goodness" of humankind, etc. An objective world view must be practical and rooted in biological realities.
However, it must adequately explain what biology does not. It must take into account the "reading errors" of the natural worldview. Besides inner psychological processes, other conditions contribute to ponerogenesis.
For example, intellectual deficits, whether as a result of age, education, or natural endowment, and moral failings contribute substantially to ponerogenesis.
These can include ignorance of psychological differences, an inability to recognize manipulation, and the tendency to realize one's own desires without consideration for the well-being of others. Socioeconomic Conditions: Regardless of the quality of such conditions, psychopaths, as a rule, reach the conclusion that society is forceful and oppressive.
However, if such conditions actually exist, these pathological feelings of unfairness can resonate with those who have actually been treated unfairly. Psychopathic Trauma: Subordination to a psychopathic individual has severe effects on a normal person. It engenders both trauma and neurosis, depriving one of autonomy and capacity for common sense. Emotions become chilled and a sense of psychological reality is stifled. This leads to a feeling of helplessness and intense depression.
Those people who use conversive operations too often for the purpose of finding convenient conclusions, or constructing some cunning paralogistic or paramoralistic statements, eventually begin to undertake such behavior for ever more trivial reasons, losing the capacity for conscious control over their thought process altogether.
This necessarily leads to behavior errors which must be paid for by others as well as themselves. Lobaczewski, , 3.
Blocking out conclusions: This type of denial can be extremely harmful, leading to intense feelings of tension and bitterness. For example, a wife may reject the conclusion that her husband is cheating on her, even when all the evidence logically points to this being the case e. When a supporter of the current war in Iraq is confronted with the fact that nearly a million Iraqis have been killed as a result of his support, this fact may be subconsciously blocked.
Selection of premises: Rather than affecting the acceptance of a disturbing conclusion, this process blocks out the piece or pieces of data that lead to the formation of a conclusion. When determining the morality of the occupation of Palestine, many reject that the Palestinians were ethnically cleansed in the Nabka of Accepting this datum would lead to a correct, albeit disturbing, conclusion regarding the morality of Israeli military occupation.
Substitution of premises: This is the most complex process and consists of substituting other data for those already rejected, making for a more comfortable conclusion. This process is often effected collectively, usually in verbal communication.
In the case of Palestine, some groups have convinced themselves that there is no such thing as a Palestinian: Palestine was empty when the Jews found it, they say. This could also be called a "self-lie", or a lie that we consciously tell ourselves, and then come to believe as true.
Conversive thinking is highly contagious and acts a dangerous infection entry for truly pathological material. People who have lost their capacity for logical thought and thus the ability to distinguish between truth and lies are thus more prone to accepting the paralogic and paramorals of psychopaths and characteropaths. For example, observe the behavior of the "Christian Right" and their uncritical acceptance of war propaganda.
In the search for a good life, humanity first used the power of animals, then turned to exploiting their fellow humans.
In such a way, the seeds of suffering and inequality can be found in our hedonistic pursuit of "happiness". In this way good times give birth to bad times.
The knowledge learned by the suffering in bad times leads to the creation of good times, and the cycle repeats. When a society is hedonistic and the times are "good", the perception of the truth about the real environment, and in particular, the understanding of what a healthy human personality is and how such personalities are nurtured, ceases first of all to be the highest social priority, then ceases to be generally understood, and finally ceases even to be remembered as a part of the inventory of human knowledge.
Understanding and accumulation of knowledge may seem to be a "done deal" e. The search for truth is then considered to be a pointless activity for the very reason that the times are good.
This, unfortunately, is a confusion of the effect the good times with the cause the dedicated effort to understand and the reality-matching social organizations created by that understanding which brought the good times into being.
In-depth understanding may become "unfashionable" or even despised. For example, studious upper class Victorian youths were labeled "grinds"; today in America, such studious ones might be advised to "get a life. Here are the bare bones of the hysteroidal cycle with specific emphasis on the mental processes involved.
The search for truth reveals "inconvenient", that is, morally embarrassing facts. For example, Christian slaveholders being reminded that holding slaves was not a very Christian activity; or otherwise unprejudiced Americans being informed that their tax dollars are being spent for racist goals, that is, to ethnically cleanse the Palestinians from the land coveted by Zionists.
Hedonistic societies repress the fact that they profit on the suffering of others. At first, when morally embarrassing facts are encountered, they are consciously avoided. For example, the subject is suddenly changed; or a discussion is tabled or concluded without going any further into the matter.
When the avoidance of morally embarrassing facts is done frequently enough, it ceases to be a conscious process and gets relegated to the subconscious; that is, it becomes a habit.
The habit of avoiding morally embarrassing facts is a contagious one. It becomes a socially accepted habit, the "in" thing to do. Lobaczewski points out that Kaiser Wilhelm I had a brain trauma at birth, and numerous physical and psychological handicaps which were so completely concealed from the German people, that, for example, it is almost impossible to find a photograph of this emperor with his badly withered arm visible.
Reasoning to draw valid conclusions becomes impossible because of the gaps left by the suppressed "inconvenient" facts. The subconscious compensates by substituting morally less embarrassing "premises" so as to be able to continue to draw conclusions, although the conclusions now drawn are, necessarily, false.
This is the chronic avoidance of the crux of the matter.
People grow perceptibly more egotistic, and the society as a whole more emotional and hysterical. There is a great deal of confusion about values and such societies grow to be seen as arrogant and hedonistic. When the deviation from reality becomes great enough, the person or the society becomes pathological, and murder sprees or senseless world wars and bloody revolutions are in the offing.
In short, during good times, moral, intellectual and personality values devolve to the point where a society is ripe for manipulation by snake-charmers and con-men of Rasputin-like charisma.
Individuals become emotionally volatile, egotistical, and intolerant of other cultures. The resulting suffering necessitate great mental and physical strength to fight for existence and human reason.
Slowly, what has been lost is relearned. Difficult times give rise to the values necessary to conquer evil and produce better times.
Ponerogenic Associations. The ultimate cause of evil lies in the interaction of two human factors: The ignorance of the existence of such psychological differences is the first criterion of ponerogenesis.
That is, such ignorance creates an opening whereby such individuals can act undetected. The presence of such "disease" on the individual level is described in the Almost Human section above. However, depending on the type of activity of psychopathic and characteropathic individuals, evil can manifest on any societal level.
Thus any group of humans can be infected or "ponerized" by their influence. From families, clubs, churches, businesses, and corporations, to entire nations. The most extreme form of such macrosocial evil is called " pathocracy ". Such unions frequently aspire to political power in order to impose their expedient legislation upon societies in the name of a suitably prepared ideology, deriving advantages in the form of disproportionate prosperity and the satisfaction for their craving of power.
Lobaczewski, , emphasis added. Their impulsive, selfish, callous, egocentric, and aggressive tendencies easily blend in with - and may even se the tone for - many of the gang's activities. Indeed, there cannot be many other activities that produce so many rewards for violent psychopaths, with such impunity. Living in a world whose morals and customs are meaningless to them and even seen as oppressive, psychopaths dream of a "happy" and "just" world where their depraved worldview is accepted as reality.
They seek, by any means necessary, to achieve positions in government where their dreams can be brought to fruition. If injustice does exist in a society, their statements regarding the 'unfairness' of their situation can resonate with those who actually do experience such injustice.
Thus, revolutionary doctrines can be accepted by both groups for diametrically opposed reasons. Ponerogenic groups are those with a statistically high number of pathological individuals, to the point that the group as a whole exercises egotistical and pathological behavior.
Deviants function as leaders and ideological spellbinders, and while normal people may act as members, they have typically accumulated various psychological deficiencies. Those not susceptible to such influence are excluded from the group. These groups can either infiltrate existing governments or exert their influence from "behind the scenes. Bribery, blackmail, murder and similar terror tactics are used to achieve these ends.
The command structure of ponerogenic associations is similar to that of normal groups: Recall here that the power of the paranoid characteropath lies in that they easily enslave less critical minds". Ideological Mask: The group's stated goals are often at variance with its true nature. Colorful literature and humanitarian values often mask its true motivations. Take, for example, the disparity between the CIA 's stated goals, such as,. Also, compare the public humanitarian front of the Anti-Defamation League with its sordid history of illegal domestic surveillance, character assassination, and collaboration with foreign spy organizations.
First Criterion of Ponerogenesis: When a group has succumbed to pathological influence its members soon lose the ability to distinguish normal human behavior from pathological. This atrophy of critical faculties in relation to such individuals becomes an opening to their activities. It can also be used to identify potentially dangerous groups.
Characteropathy and Psychopathy: Groups dominated by characteropaths engage in fairly primitive activities, and are thus easily broken by normal society. Psychopathic leaders, however, are often more clever, and use characteropathic individuals as subservient tools. When arrested, such individuals accept the paramoral ideals of their leaders, acting as the group's scapegoat and accepting the majority of the blame. Psychopathic leaders, when in court, will correspondingly shift the blame to their underlings.
Primary and Secondary Ponerogenic Unions: There are two types of ponerogenic associations. Primary ponerogenic associations are those that were originally formed and designed to benefit its founding members using illicit evil means. Lobaczewski describes them as unions,.
Such groups' antisocial activities and blatant disregard for moral values naturally disgust normal people, and thus their influence does not spread far before they lose their battle with society.
The secondary ponerogenic associations are groups founded with an independent and attractive social ideal, but which later succumb to moral degeneration. This degeneration leaves an opening for,. Governments , ideologies , and religions are institutions founded by people whose lack of awareness of specific psychological realities and other moral failings leave them open to covert infection and subsequent take-over by those without conscience. The fact that these institutions have been in existence and have a long-standing tradition has allowed them to acquire a much greater membership and notoriety.
When such an organization, working towards some social or political goal, is already accepted by a large number of normal people e. American Republicanism or Evangelical Christianity , ponerization of the group provides the widespread influence that primary ponerogenic unions lack.
After its takeover by psychopathic elements within e. This will happen in spite of the fact that these values are obviously distorted and disregarded. For example, such a group will pass legislation and behave solely to benefit those in control, often becoming violent and starting wars of aggression.
Normal members of such a group naively protect such deviant behavior, not realizing it is the work of deviants. Its pathology remains hidden by those who do not wish to see it objectively. Justifications and prepared ideologies are promulgated; subconscious selection and substitution take place, and the pathology is effectively cloaked behind a mask of sanity.
Unfortunately the government will only become more pathological in its behavior and egotistical toward other nations until the deviant psychological aspects are either purged or destroy themselves. The same dynamic plays out in interpersonal relations. Take, for example, Ted Bundy , who had a reputation as a kind, intelligent, respectable man. When he was first accused of murdering several young women, his acquaintances staunchly defended his character. This situation follows the same pattern as the macrosocial dynamic.
Such individuals will often denigrate the victims and accusers of such a previously esteemed individual. This not only has a negative effect on the victim, but encourages further deviant behavior on behalf of the perpetrator. Macrosocial Disease: Social disease may be called macrosocial under either of two conditions: Two general stages of macrosocial disease seem to apply to all its forms and variations: The existence of simplistic concepts e.
Such doctrinaire concepts are prevalent in the neoconservative ideology. For example,. Just as it is normal in the life of any human to experience a decline in psychological or physiological resistance thus leading to moral failings or bacteriological infection , groups experience such crises. The pressure leading to such crises may be caused by the influence of other groups, a heightened hysterical condition, or a general spiritual crisis in the environment.
The resulting weakness in proper reasoning and critical thinking skills leaves an opening for the activity of psychopaths and characteropaths.
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Their influence then results in a further decline in moral and intellectual functioning. The absurdity of such a dynamic can be seen in the fact that Richard " Dick " Cheney , an obvious psychopath , is allowed to hold the position of vice-president. Even when he shoots a hunting partner in the face, the media and public will studiously rationalize his coarse and psychopathic behavior.
See Dave McGowan's analysis of the incident in question. When such individuals are treated as normal, more perceptive individuals will leave the group. When the group has become sufficiently pathological, members will either perceive its new direction in moral terms e. As more healthy people leave the group, taking on more counter-revolutionary positions , individuals with psychological anomalies join, removing their masks of sanity ever more often. Without adequate knowledge, normal individuals who have been ejected from such a group will suffer immensely, cut off from their original ideological reason for joining.
Infected with unhealthy emotions and pathological material, they can assume positions opposite to those which they formerly followed. New members are psychologically screened.
No one with too much independence or psychological normality is allowed in the group. Such screening should have taken place to root out psychological deviants in the first place. Detractors are treated with paramoral condemnation. In short, the patients have overtaken the asylum. Stages of Ponerization: When it is first infected by psychological deviants, the group maintains most of its original character.
But eventually, the more normal members are pushed into fringe functions and are excluded from organizational secrets; some of them thereupon leave the group. The role of essential psychopaths gradually grows, although they like to remain ostensibly in the shadows… In ponerogenic unions on the largest social scale, the leadership role is generally played by a different kind of individual, one more easily digestible and representative.
He argues that in such cases these individuals infiltrate an institution or state, prevailing moral values are perverted into their opposite, and a coded language like Orwell's doublethink circulates into the mainstream, using paralogic and paramoralism in place of genuine logic and morality. While some in the normal population are more susceptible to pathocratic influence, and become its lackeys, the majority instinctively resist.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: This section needs additional citations for verification.Confusion with Psychopathy: Zbigniew Brzezinski blocked its publication.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Often these conditions include brain damage or hereditary psychopathologies. I can imagine I feel these emotions know, therefore, what they are , but I do not. Regardless of the quality of such conditions, psychopaths, as a rule, reach the conclusion that society is forceful and oppressive. Their influence then results in a further decline in moral and intellectual functioning.
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