NATIONAL LAND CODE 1965 PDF
NLC (ACT 56 OF ) VER National Land Code. (Act 56 of ). Disclaimer: The publication of this Act is for the sole purpose of reference only. Although. (1) This Act shall be read and construed with the National Land Code as if it forms (b) for the application of any provision of the National Land Code to this Act. National Land Code Act No 56 Of FIRST SCHEDULE Form 9B [Section ] - Application To Partition Land National Land Code Form 9B (Section ).
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Main object of the Code is to ensure uniformity of law and policy with respect to land tenure, registration of titles relating to land, transfer of land, leases and. Download the PDF To these ends, the Code introduces in the form of a National Code a uniform system within the States of Johore, As far as administration of land is concerned, the Code establishes the powers of the Federation and of. no profile picture user. Post · sakanats. Digital PDF eb at Digital PDF eb. DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT.
With the need for swift delivery system and a more The land administration in Malaysia have evolved integrated database, the sense of having multiple types under the National Land Code from a manual of titles makes these efforts a daunting task. These changes law has been there before but why change it. Has years have taken a toll of 45 years and the urge to change go by the number of titles have increased even more has caused the land administration to shake tremendously from 3,, titles in Jun to of its clutches from the heavy dependence to 5,, titles in Registry Titles the legal rights and access to land.
An effort to reform land administration was done way The usage of this dual title system was to make back in with the introduction of a single title identification of location much easier; for instance the system via National Land Code Amendments Registry Titles were issued for town, village or Act A which came into force on 25 March These amendments was short 4 hectares.
The fundamental of these practice were lived due to implementation problems and was Page 1 repealed immediately the very same year with Besides making way for modifications and National Land Code Amendments Act A amendments of law, the Electronic Land which came into force in 1 June Administration System has to provide the tool to operate an integrated land information system. In the This paper shall provide a conceptual approach event of promoting a single title system the idea of relating to institutional restructuring of the Land sharing information of the register and online Administration in lieu of establishing a single title electronic transactions are important in construing system.
Implementation of the Sixteenth Schedule in II. The section for Registry Title and for Land Office term that shall substitute the document titles are as Title are maintained separately by the respective such: Registrars.
The act of having a consolidated registry does not exist currently but the introduction of the i. For the Land Office Leases maintenance and safekeeping of all data of registration when the single title system is established concept of The prerequisites for the establishment of this concept improving or modifying the registries in the State into shall be addressed via: the DRC concept can be establish so a total i.
Legislative amendments to the National Land presentation system via electronic transaction can be Code ; established and the Registrars and Deputy Registrars ii. Institutional restructuring of the land can manage the Registries.
The need for an Electronic Land recalling of titles have to be carried out in moving Administration System as prescribed under the forward with the exercise of this policy. Many may Sixteenth Schedule of the NLC should be find that these exercises are rather redundant and does enhanced to provide integration of data; and not bring a major impact in the land itself.
But iv. Capability of cadastral information in administratively this exercise may pave the may of producing accurate survey details and introducing the electronic transaction that will bring in cataloging for the whole state rather than the idea of transactions can be done without visiting district based the land offices.
When a centralized database is established controlling all the titles in the States makes it easy for the general public to interact with the land a. Legislative amendments to the National Land administration at any land administration counters in Code the state for the purpose of land searches and presentations. The legislative amendments that can be suggested in introducing a single title system can be accustomed in c. Modification and a pilot project has to be done and Another aspect that has to be taken into account are when the results of the exercise abides with the the cataloging of the title numbers when the single title provisions and no hiccups in the implementation then system is introduced.
Status quo the cataloging of the the Minister may in a way of a gazette the coming of titles are based on the titles issued by the Land Offices operation of the Single Title System in Peninsular according to the Mukims that have been gazette under Malaysia. This practice has allowed for Page 2 identical title numbers being issued within a state but the State Land and Mines Department PTG shall the locality of the titles are in different Mukims.
When seize to exist and be redeployed at the districts where a consolidated approach is established the re- the act of registration will be centered. This is to a.
National Land Code (Act No. 56 of 1965).
National land code Upcoming SlideShare. Like this document? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Law , Technology , Business. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Browse by Genre Available eBooks No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. National land code 1.
The publication of this Act is for the sole purpose of reference only. Although all attempts had been done to ensure accuracy, it is advisable to refer the Authoritative Text for any legal use. In force from: Short title. PART 1 A: Amendment of any form in the Fourteenth Schedule.
PART 1 B: PART 1 C: PART 2: Federal Lands Commissioner and other Federal Officers. Delegation of Minister's powers to Director General.
General powers of Director General. National Land Council: Regulation of procedure, etc. Administrative areas. State Director and other State Officers. Delegation of powers of State Authority to State Director, etc. Power of State Authority to make rules. General powers of State Director, etc. Actions by and against the State Authority. Power to require removal, etc.
Power to consolidate notices, orders and notifications. Information to be kept secret.
Purchase of land by officers, etc. Officers to be public servants. Protection of officers. Conduct of enquiry. Time and place of enquiry. Enquiry to be open to public.
Notice of enquiry. Cancellation and postponement of enquiries, and change of venue. Hearing of enquiry. Veracity of evidence. Substance of evidence and reasons for decision to be recorded.
Inspection of record of evidence, etc. No alteration, etc. Re-opening of enquiry. Death etc. Former applications. Costs of enquiry. Application of Penal Code.
PART 3: Property in State land, minerals and rock material. Powers of disposal of State Authority, and rights in reversion, etc. Powers of disposal. Persons and bodies to whom land may be disposed of. Extent of disposal: Reversion, etc. Reversion to State Authority of an undivided share in land.
Buildings to vest in State Authority on reversion, etc. No adverse possession against the State. Effect of advance or retreat of sea, etc. Power of State Authority to vary provisions, extend time, etc.
Classification of land. Categories of land use and application thereof to lands alienated under this Act. Conditions affecting use of lands alienated before commencement until category of land use imposed. Application of categories of land use to lands alienated before commencement. Application of section 53 to lands approved before commencement.
Application of section 54 to lands approved before commencement. Nature and extent of rights.
National Land Code 1965 (Act 56) (Malaysia)
Notice of intended works. Objection to intended works. Private person carrying out works. Power of reservation of State land. Power to lease reserved land.
Revocation of reservation. Power to licence temporary occupation of State land, mining land and reserved land. Issue of temporary occupation licences. Duration, conditions, etc. Temporary occupation licences not capable of transfer or transmission on death. Deposits in respect of temporary occupation licence. Combined temporary occupation licence and permit under Chapter 3.
Power to permit extraction and removal of rock material. Issue of Permits. Permits not capable of transfer or transmission on death. Deposits in respect of permits. Effect of permits on conditions affecting land. Power to permit use of air space above State land or reserved land.
Applications for permit. Issue of permits on approval. Conditions etc. Permits not capable of assignment except with consent of State Authority. Deposit or security in respect of permits. Power to cancel permits. PART 5: Meaning of alienation. Titles under which land may be alienated. How alienation is effected.
General provisions relating to approvals. Supplementary provisions relating to approvals. Items of land revenue payable on approval. Power to require payment of deposit. Survey for purposes of alienation under final title. Re-computation of items of land revenue after survey. Register and issue documents of title. Form of documents for Registry title. Form of documents for Land Office title. Registration of register documents of title. Conclusiveness of register documents of title. Issue of issue documents of title.
Exemption of documents of title from stamp duty. Indefeasibility of final title, and rights of dealing etc. PART 5 A: Specification of rights in respect of underground land upon alienation.
Alienation of underground State land. Application for independent use or alienation of underground land below alienated land. Specification of rights in respect of underground land upon the grant of a lease of reserved land.
Lease of underground land below reserved land. Application for independent use of underground land below leased reserved land. Relationship of this Part to other provisions of this Act. Regulations by the Minister. Rent to be a debt due to State Authority. When rent due, and when in arrear. Where rent payable. Computation of rents. Notice of demand. Right of chargees, lessees, etc.
Effect of payment of sum demanded. Forfeiture for non-payment of sum demanded. Power of State Authority to revise rents periodically. Power in respect of lands alienated before commencement. PART 7: Interpretation and scope. Conditions and restrictions in interest to run with the land.
Duration of conditions and restrictions in interest. Time to be of the essence of fixed-term conditions of a positive character. Extension of time for compliance with fixed-term conditions of a positive character. Conflict with local by-laws, etc. Conditions, etc. Manner in which changes may be effected. Implied conditions affecting all alienated land.
Implied conditions affecting land subject to the category "agriculture". Implied conditions affecting land subject to the category "building". Implied conditions affecting land subject to the category "industry". Implied condition affecting agricultural land alienated under qualified title.
Implied condition affecting land alienated before commencement for padi cultivation. Imposition of express conditions and restrictions in interest on alienation under this Act. Building and Industry. Imposition of express conditions on land becoming subject to a category under section Power of State Authority to vary conditions, etc.
Simultaneous applications for sub-division and under section 1 in respect of the proposed sub-divisional portions. When a breach of condition arises. Breach of complex condition. Liability to forfeiture for breach of condition. Summary action to secure remedying of breach of condition. Action to enforce forfeiture for breach of condition. PART 8: Forfeiture to take effect upon notification in the Gazette.
Effects of forfeiture. Land not to be re-alienated, etc. Power of State Authority to annul forfeiture, or re-alienate to previous proprietor on new terms, etc. Appeals against forfeiture. PART 9: Power of proprietor to sub-divide with approval of State Director or Land Administrator.
Conditions for approval of sub-division. Applications for approval. Powers of Land Administrator or State Director in relation to applications. Issue of title to sub-divisional portions. Conditions for approval of partition. Application for partition by any co-proprietor. Power of State Authority in relation to application for partition of land subject to the category "agriculture". Issue of title to individual portions.
Power of Court to facilitate termination of co-proprietorship. Power of proprietor to amalgamate contiguous lots with approval of State Director or Land Administrator. Conditions for approval of amalgamation. Issue of title to combined area. PART 9 A: Application by donee of a power of attorney. Procedure in respect of filing of copy of power of attorney. PART Registry title- the register of grants and the register of State leases.
Saving for existing registers. Definition of "new district". Powers of Land Administrator of new district in respect of registers. With a growing population reaching nearly 5 million, land availability is a key issue.
Land owner in Singapore also owns the underground land in the specific area that has been defined in government plan or gazette. In , the Economic Strategies Committee reported that in the next 10 years, the government should seek to catalyze the development of underground land as a means to intensify land use. Currently, Singapore is developing a master plan for underground land use to ensure that the land underground and the surface land is synergized.
According to the statistics, underground track traffic lines opened to traffic all over China before were up to more than 1, km and in average of km line constructed annually. This statistic is expected to increase year by year based to the demand towards quality living.
In China, land and the underground are publicly owned, but the right of use belongs to every factory, school and others. Besides, the underground land in China can be developed by any favourable party, but still the state retains the proprietary right. Moreover, the land use zoning also extends to underground land without any limits. However, being inappropriate to the rapidly growing development and utilization, China is still at a preliminary stage in legal construction for urban underground land development and utilization, which is restricted by laggard legal systems.
Until July , China has promulgated 32 laws and rules for legal and administrative implementation in underground land development.
The laws and rules are divided into two types; the first type aims of the administration on comprehensive development and utilization of urban underground land. The second type is aimed at some section or aspect in administration on the development and utilization of urban underground land.
Realizing the importance of underground land, the research on policy of the development has started since in database building. Following in is the feasibility study of underground land. To enhance the regulatory framework, working group on 3D property cadastral system has started in By , the Helsinki Underground Master Plan was introduced with an objective to ensure the utilization of bedrock resources is retained for the construction of public long-term projects and underground lands are well connected to each other.
The master plan contains the detailed mapping of existing planned facilities and potential Geo-space, public acquisition land and legalization of underground land utilization. In order to ensure it is possible to develop underground land in the future without any major conflicts, the city has set up the strategy for land ownership.
The city will try to buy the needed Greenfield land that has potential to build underground before zoning through voluntary transactions. Even though the master plan and land ownership strategy has been set up, there are still dilemmas facing in underground land development. According to the laws of Finland, the surface land owner has the power to control over the underground land because the vertical extent of ownership is not specifically defined in the legislation.
When interpreting the extent of ownership, the lower boundary of a property has been limited to the depth of 6 meters. Same like the other country, the underground land in Finland can be developed by any responsible party, but must get the written permission from Jurnal Pentadbiran Tanah, the surface landowner. Along with that, the land uses zoning for surface land also extend to underground land zoning.
R, It is well known that Japan is one of the leading countries that going underground for land development. The land ownership rights in Japan extend into upward and downward; as far as any interest may occur.
It goes same to land use zoning in surface land which extending to the subsurface land use. It is intended to ease major public infrastructure projects by avoiding the need to deal with many private landowners. This law allows public ownership of the underground as below as 40 meters depth and only applies in limited areas such as Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya and suburbs, but specifically for public projects only.
Basically, through the law, landowners do not have to pay any compensation to the land owners on the surface; if public projects are implemented 40 meters underground.
In other words, when governments or developers utilize the space 40 meters or deeper from the ground for public purposes, the rights for them to use the space are prioritized over the right which residences have on the ground. Firstly, the land ownership of the surface extends to underground as well. From an administrative viewpoint, it would be difficult to organize all of the owners to consent and allow the underground development beneath these land plots.
Therefore, the surface land necessarily needs to be owned by the same party that wanted to develop underground. Thirdly, the statutory planning currently dictates that land use on the surface also governs the land use underground, which could potentially be restrictive to the development of differing usage. However, the current statutory planning system has the flexibility to accommodate underground development. In order to facilitate optimal underground development, a revised regulatory framework would be necessary.
Based on the above explanation on review of the country which actively using underground land for development, it can be concluded that these countries have taken a step forward to ensure that the underground land planning and development parallel with surface land.
Each country has their strategy for overcoming the problem in legislation and planning for the underground land because the legal provisions that existing in the country is different from each other. In many countries, the legal framework for surface construction is clearly formulated, but not for underground land case.
Therefore, the legislation and regulation concerning underground construction should be presented transparently and amended if necessary. Even though there is no single legislation that fit for all counties in the world to develop underground land Donelly, G. As we can see, the pattern of land ownership in every country quite similar each other which is the surface land ownership is extended downward but limited depends on circumstances.
Since legal Jurnal Pentadbiran Tanah, consideration in the underground land development sometimes will face the dilemmas from various parties, there are some country have prepared and ready with the guidelines and policy to facilitate the development of the underground. Table 2 shows how the countries come out with the solution to help in overcoming issues in underground land.
It can also be concluded that most of the countries have provided a strategy and regulatory framework for providing systematic underground land development. Therefore, the rights of surface landowners for their underground land are not disturbed by the underground development. Meanwhile in Finland, the State Authority had acquired the possible area of alienated land for underground land development through voluntary basis to ease the development in the future.
However, there are still a few things that can be improved and clarified especially related to the rights of surface and the underground land owner. In any condition of underground land development, the rights of surface landowners must be protected in order to ensure they can utilize their land surface and above in an exclusive use and enjoyable way. Currently, there is demand for underground land development under alienated land but develops by different parties who not own the surface land.
For example, in the case of current MRT project.Preparation, registration and issue of documents of qualified title. Consequently, due to the lack of expertise and experience of developing such underground land in Malaysia, has seemed a barrier to that development. Delegation of powers of State Authority to State Director, etc. The results of this Registrar of Titles to maintain the duplicate of the observation will be an input in a research on the Register of Title for the respective district and the National Land Code on the aspect of land main Register at the PTG office.
Issue of issue documents of title. Notice to secure attendance for purpose of pointing out boundaries, etc. France: International Tunnelling Association. Land not to be re-alienated, etc. Duties of Director of Survey and Mapping. Extent of disposal:
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