GAUTAM BUDDHA STORY IN HINDI PDF
Gautama, because he belonged to the Gautama clan. One day when he was .. the beginning. For the rest of his life the Buddha travelled the country taking his .. One such parable was the story of a king of Varanasi. The king of Varanasi. Gautam Buddha hindi book by Babu Anand Prasad Kapoor throws are about to download the selected Gautam Buddha Ki Jivani pdf for free. गौतम बुद्ध का जीवन परिचय Gautama Buddha Life Story History in Hindi PDF.
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Buddha (Gautam Buddha) was a great monk of India. all Hindi PDF books or e- books of Hindi novels, Hindi books, Ncert Textbooks, Hindi story books, Cbse Textbooks, Class 10 Hindi Book Pdf: Download Ncert Books. India), and then each Buddha will teach the dharma to benefit others. . Siddhartha Gautama, the Bodhisattva or Buddha-to-be, was born in the Sixth century. Budha Stories In hindi | Gautam Buddha Stories | Buddha Kahaniya In Hindi | Stories Of Gautma Buddha जो नित्य एवं स्थाई प्रतीत होता है, वह भी .
Teachings of Buddha: The religion of Buddha is famous as Buddhism.
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The followers of that religion are known as Buddhists. In his teachings, Buddha showed a new path. In his religious mission, he did not give value to the so-called sacred rites and rituals. Instead, he showed the way for a life of ethics and spirituality. He preached in simple language and to the common people.
His doctrines were simple as well as practical for adoption. At the same time, he did not prescribe for the common man extreme hardship of ascetic life by physical punishment and self torture. Between the two extremes of pleasures and penance, he showed the path of a really virtuous life. The following main doctrines constitute the substance of his teachings: The Four Noble Truths or the Arya Satya: In his enlightenment, Buddha discovered the real causes of the miseries of human existence.
He also discovered the way to escape from those miseries which followed endlessly in the wheel of Karma, birth and rebirth. These discoveries were called the Four Noble Truths.
The first truth was the Truth of Pain or Sorrow. Everything in the world was transient, sorrowful and full of pain. The existence of this sorrow was in the nature of life. This cause was the Desire. The desire or the Trishna was the lust and the thirst for all worldly things. It was the root of all evils leading to pain.
The third truth was the Truth to end the Pain or Sorrow. This end or cessation of pain was possible by ending desires. Elimination of desires was to lead to the end of sorrows. Perfect bliss was to follow the end of the sorrows. It was like the end of life and death.
It was the real freedom or emancipation. The fourth truth was the Truth to End the Desires. This was possible by a noble way to attain the real bliss without desires. Extreme penance was not necessary for this, while extreme pleasure was unnecessary by all means.
Avoiding both, it was the noble middle path which was the right way to end the Desires. This path was to lead to the real state of freedom or emancipation. This Path was the real path to end the cycle of Karma and the rebirth. The Noble Eight-fold Path: Buddha gave eight principles to follow as his noble eight-fold path.
Man should, therefore, rise above for a new vision for his own happiness and for the happiness of all.
The Four Noble Truths
By right aims or aspirations, man should not run behind his power and wealth, and should not run for passion, pleasures and enjoyment. Instead, he should aim at loving other fellow men and giving them happiness. By right speech, man should give up falsehood, lies, criticism of others and quarrels which spoil the peace of others and of the society. Instead, man should be truthful in his words and friendly and kind in his talks.
By right action or conduct, man should avoid violence and killing, give up harmful acts like theft, and stealing, and instead could work for the good of all in a virtuous way.
By right livelihood, Buddha advised man to live by harmless means, not by selling or taking wine or butchering animals for himself or others. Instead, he should live an honest and simple life for peace within and peace outside. By right effort or exertion, Buddha meant a correct discipline in mind and action not for any evil thought or practice, but for a proper exercise towards all that was good.
Man was asked to give up evil designs from his thought and to develop nobler feelings for better efforts. By right mindfulness or awareness, Buddha wanted man to be conscious of the unrealities of his existence, unrealities of the body and the bodily pleasures, the meaninglessness of the worldly bonds and attachments.
Instead, he was to search for the real happiness beyond the flesh and material existence which had no substance. Finally, by right meditation or contemplation, Buddha wanted man to concentrate his mind on the real truth of existence. It was necessary for the discipline and training of the mind towards the higher goal. The Noble Eight-fold Path was thus a code of conduct for every man. It became the basis of Buddhism as a religion.
It was a religion for social happiness of all. Giving of alms and righteous life, to cherish kith and kin, Doing deeds that bring no blame: This is the best good omen. The Path which Buddha showed was a practical path to follow. This path was meant for the common people as the lay disciples of the faith. For the Buddhist monks there were other strict regulations like celibacy which were not binding on the lay followers.
Non-violence and Morality: Buddha was the prophet of non-violence. Ultimately, the philosophy of non-violence became a cardinal principle of Buddhism. The Buddhists rejected animal sacrifice and killing of animals in every form.
Non-violence also called for kindness towards all creatures. It denied man to hate man. Never in the world hatred ceases by harted.
Social morality was given the highest priority in Buddhist thought. Buddha did not preach the Fatherhood of God. Instead, he preached the Brotherhood of Men. His religion thus rested on ethics, morality and virtue. But according to the Buddha, the problem of suffering goes much deeper.
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Life is not ideal: it frequently fails to live up to our expectations. Human beings are subject to desires and cravings, but even when we are able to satisfy these desires, the satisfaction is only temporary. Pleasure does not last; or if it does, it becomes monotonous.
Even when we are not suffering from outward causes like illness or bereavement, we are unfulfilled, unsatisfied. This is the truth of suffering. Some people who encounter this teaching may find it pessimistic. Buddhists find it neither optimistic nor pessimistic, but realistic. Fortunately the Buddha's teachings do not end with suffering; rather, they go on to tell us what we can do about it and how to end it.
The Three Fires of hate, greed and ignorance, shown in a circle, each reinforcing the others. Buddhists recognise that there can be positive desires, such as desire for enlightenment and good wishes for others. A neutral term for such desires is chanda. Bhikkhus, all is burning. And what is the all that is burning? One reason was that it was more difficult to do so without causing harm to animal life. At this time of year, the sangha would retreat to monasteries, public parks or forests, where people would come to them.
The first vassana was spent at Varanasi when the sangha was formed. After this, the Buddha kept a promise to travel to Rajagaha , capital of Magadha , to visit King Bimbisara. During this visit, Sariputta and Maudgalyayana were converted by Assaji , one of the first five disciples, after which they were to become the Buddha's two foremost followers.
Upon hearing of his son's awakening, Suddhodana sent, over a period, ten delegations to ask him to return to Kapilavastu. On the first nine occasions, the delegates failed to deliver the message and instead joined the sangha to become arahants. The tenth delegation, led by Kaludayi, a childhood friend of Gautama's who also became an arahant , however, delivered the message.
Now two years after his awakening, the Buddha agreed to return, and made a two-month journey by foot to Kapilavastu, teaching the dharma as he went. At his return, the royal palace prepared a midday meal, but the sangha was making an alms round in Kapilavastu. Hearing this, Suddhodana approached his son, the Buddha, saying:.
But it is the custom of my Buddha lineage. Several thousands of Buddhas have gone by seeking alms. Buddhist texts say that Suddhodana invited the sangha into the palace for the meal, followed by a dharma talk.
After this he is said to have become a sotapanna. During the visit, many members of the royal family joined the sangha. The Buddha's cousins Ananda and Anuruddha became two of his five chief disciples. At the age of seven, his son Rahula also joined, and became one of his ten chief disciples. His half-brother Nanda also joined and became an arahant. Of the Buddha's disciples, Sariputta, Maudgalyayana , Mahakasyapa , Ananda and Anuruddha are believed to have been the five closest to him.
His ten foremost disciples were reputedly completed by the quintet of Upali , Subhoti , Rahula, Mahakaccana and Punna. In the fifth vassana, the Buddha was staying at Mahavana near Vesali when he heard news of the impending death of his father. He is said to have gone to Suddhodana and taught the dharma, after which his father became an arahant.
The king's death and cremation were to inspire the creation of an order of nuns. Buddhist texts record that the Buddha was reluctant to ordain women. His foster mother Maha Pajapati , for example, approached him, asking to join the sangha, but he refused.
Maha Pajapati, however, was so intent on the path of awakening that she led a group of royal Sakyan and Koliyan ladies, which followed the sangha on a long journey to Rajagaha. In time, after Ananda championed their cause, the Buddha is said to have reconsidered and, five years after the formation of the sangha agreed to the ordination of women as nuns.
He reasoned that males and females had an equal capacity for awakening. But he gave women additional rules Vinaya to follow. According to the Mahaparinibbana Sutta of the Pali canon, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon reach parinirvana , or the final deathless state, and abandon his earthly body. After this, the Buddha ate his last meal, which he had received as an offering from a blacksmith named Cunda.
The precise contents of the Buddha's final meal are not clear, due to variant scriptural traditions and ambiguity over the translation of certain significant terms; the Theravada tradition generally believes that the Buddha was offered some kind of pork, while the Mahayana tradition believes that the Buddha consumed some sort of truffle or other mushroom.
These may reflect the different traditional views on Buddhist vegetarianism and the precepts for monks and nuns. Waley suggests that Theravadins would take suukaramaddava the contents of the Buddha's last meal , which can translate literally as pig-soft , to mean "soft flesh of a pig" or "pig's soft-food", that is, after Neumann , a soft food favoured by pigs, assumed to be a truffle.
He argues also after Neumann that as " p lant names tend to be local and dialectical", as there are several plants known to have suukara- pig as part of their names, [note 14] and as Pali Buddhism developed in an area remote from the Buddha's death, suukaramaddava could easily have been a type of plant whose local name was unknown to those in Pali regions. Specifically, local writers writing soon after the Buddha's death knew more about their flora than Theravadin commentator Buddhaghosa who lived hundreds of years and hundreds of kilometers remote in time and space from the events described.
Unaware that it may have been a local plant name and with no Theravadin prohibition against eating animal flesh, Theravadins would not have questioned the Buddha eating meat and interpreted the term accordingly. The Buddha, however, is said to have reminded Ananda how Kushinara was a land once ruled by a righteous wheel-turning king and the appropriate place for him to die.
The Buddha then asked all the attendant Bhikkhus to clarify any doubts or questions they had and cleared them all in a way which others could not do. They had none. According to Buddhist scriptures, he then finally entered parinirvana. The Buddha's final words are reported to have been: Strive for your own liberation with diligence" Pali: His body was cremated and the relics were placed in monuments or stupas, some of which are believed to have survived until the present.
For example, the Temple of the Tooth or "Dalada Maligawa" in Sri Lanka is the place where what some believe to be the relic of the right tooth of Buddha is kept at present. Asoka is years after the death of the Buddha.
At his death, the Buddha is famously believed to have told his disciples to follow no leader. Mahakasyapa was chosen by the sangha to be the chairman of the First Buddhist Council , with the two chief disciples Maudgalyayana and Sariputta having died before the Buddha. After his death, Buddha's cremation relics were divided amongst 8 royal families and his disciples; centuries later they would be enshrined by King Ashoka into 84, stupas.
An extensive and colourful physical description of the Buddha has been laid down in scriptures. A kshatriya by birth, he had military training in his upbringing, and by Shakyan tradition was required to pass tests to demonstrate his worthiness as a warrior in order to marry. The Brahmin Sonadanda described him as "handsome, good-looking, and pleasing to the eye, with a most beautiful complexion.
He has a godlike form and countenance, he is by no means unattractive. A disciple named Vakkali, who later became an arahant, was so obsessed by the Buddha's physical presence that the Buddha is said to have felt impelled to tell him to desist, and to have reminded him that he should know the Buddha through the Dhamma and not through physical appearances. Among the 32 main characteristics it is mentioned that Buddha has blue eyes. The nine virtues are also among the 40 Buddhist meditation subjects.
The nine virtues of the Buddha appear throughout the Tipitaka ,  and include:. In the Pali Canon, the Buddha uses many Brahmanical devices. For example, in Samyutta Nikaya , Majjhima Nikaya 92 and Vinaya i of the Pali Canon , the Buddha praises the Agnihotra as the foremost sacrifice and the Gayatri mantra as the foremost meter:. One method to obtain information on the oldest core of Buddhism is to compare the oldest versions of the Pali Canon and other texts, such as the surviving portions of Sarvastivada , Mulasarvastivada , Mahisasaka , Dharmaguptaka ,   and the Chinese Agamas.
According to Schmithausen, there are three positions held by scholars of Buddhism: A core problem in the study of early Buddhism is the relation between dhyana and insight.
Yet, it is not clear what he was awakened to. According to Vetter, the description of the Buddhist path may initially have been as simple as the term "the middle way". In time, this short description was elaborated, resulting in the description of the eightfold path.
The three marks of existence [note 23] may reflect Upanishadic or other influences. Norman supposes that these terms were already in use at the Buddha's time, and were familiar to his listeners.
The Brahma-vihara was in origin probably a brahmanic term;  but its usage may have been common to the Sramana traditions. In time, "liberating insight" became an essential feature of the Buddhist tradition.
The following teachings, which are commonly seen as essential to Buddhism, are later formulations which form part of the explanatory framework of this "liberating insight": Some Hindus regard Gautama as the 9th avatar of Vishnu.
The Buddha is regarded as a prophet by the minority Ahmadiyya  sect of Muslims—a sect considered deviant and rejected as apostate by mainstream Islam. He is revealed during communication with Divine Beings as son of their Supreme Being God the Father together with other major religious teachers and founders like Jesus , Laozi , and Confucius. The Christian Saint Josaphat is based on the Buddha. Josaphat appears, Barlaam and Josaphat , is based on the life of the Buddha. In the ancient Gnostic sect of Manichaeism , the Buddha is listed among the prophets who preached the word of God before Mani.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Buddhist title, see Buddha title. Not to be confused with Budai. For other uses, see Buddha disambiguation and Gautama disambiguation. Lumbini , Shakya Republic according to Buddhist tradition [note 1]. Kushinagar , Malla Republic according to Buddhist tradition [note 2]. Dharma Concepts.
Buddhist texts. Buddhism by country. Main article: Early Buddhist Texts. See also: Enlightenment in Buddhism. Main articles: Moksha and Nirvana Buddhism. This section does not cite any sources.
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This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Find sources: Physical characteristics of the Buddha. Buddhist philosophy. Presectarian Buddhism. Gautama Buddha in world religions.
Depictions of Gautama Buddha in film. A panorama of scenes from the Buddha's life, from a Burmese parabaik or picture book. His father was, in fact, an elected chief of the clan rather than the king he was later made out to be, though his title was raja —a term which only partly corresponds to our word 'king'. Some of the states of North India at that time were kingdoms and others republics, and the Sakyan republic was subject to the powerful king of neighbouring Kosala, which lay to the south".Instead, he should aim at loving other fellow men and giving them happiness.
He was depressed and tried to overcome all these by living a life of an ascetic. Gombrich He wanted them to concentrate on the task at hand, which was freeing themselves from the cycle of suffering.
Please Like Facebook Page. An extensive and colourful physical description of the Buddha has been laid down in scriptures.
Namo Amitabha - Namo Buddhaya
Early life: Much of the life of Buddha is shrouded in mystery. It was the sight of a sannyasi who had renounced everything and was walking alone without any sign of worries or anxieties on his happy face. After this, the Buddha ate his last meal, which he had received as an offering from a blacksmith named Cunda.
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