PHP BEGINNER PDF
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PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor.
PHP is a very popular and widely-used open source server-side scripting language to write dynamically generated web pages. PHP was originally created by Rasmus Lerdorf in It was initially known as Personal Home Page. The current major version of PHP is 7. All of the code in this tutorial has been tested and validated against the most recent release of PHP 7. PHP is very powerful language yet easy to learn and use.
What You Can Do with PHP
So bookmark this website and continued on. Tip: Our PHP tutorial will help you to learn the fundamentals of the PHP scripting language, from the basic to advanced topics step-by-step. If you're a beginner, start with the basics and gradually move forward by learning a little bit every day.
You can generate pages and files dynamically. You can create, open, read, write and close files on the server.
You can collect data from a web form such as user information, email, phone no, etc. You can send emails to the users of your website. You can send and receive cookies to track the visitor of your website.
Gettext Installation You might need to install Gettext and the related PHP library by using your package manager, like apt-get or yum. Here we will also be using Poedit to create translation files. Structure Types of files There are three files you usually deal with while working with gettext.
Domains There are some cases, in big projects, where you might need to separate translations when the same words convey different meaning given a context. In those cases, you split them into different domains.
PHP for Beginners: Building Your First Simple CMS
In Symfony projects, for example, domains are used to separate the translation for validation messages. Locale code A locale is simply a code that identifies one version of a language.
It is defined following the ISO and ISO alpha-2 specs: two lower-case letters for the language, optionally followed by an underline and two upper-case letters identifying the country or regional code. For rare languages , three letters are used. For some speakers, the country part may seem redundant. Directory structure To use Gettext, we will need to adhere to a specific structure of folders.
First, you will need to select an arbitrary root for your l10n files in your source repository. Plural forms As we said in the introduction, different languages might sport different plural rules.
However, gettext saves us from this trouble once again. When creating a new.
When calling Gettext in code, you will have to specify the number related to the sentence, and it will work out the correct form to use - even using string substitution if needed.
Plural rules include the number of plurals available and a boolean test with n that would define in which rule the given number falls starting the count with 0.
When calling out Gettext to do localization on sentences with counters, you will have to give him the related number as well. Gettext will work out what rule should be in effect and use the correct localized version. You will need to include in the.
It describes the file encoding, plural forms and other things that are less relevant. The second section translates a simple string from English to Brazilian Portuguese, and the third does the same, but leveraging string replacement from sprintf so the translation may contain the user name and visit date. The last section is a sample of pluralization forms, displaying the singular and plural version as msgid in English and their corresponding translations as msgstr 0 and 1 following the number given by the plural rule.
The plural forms always have two msgid singular and plural , so it is advised not to use a complex language as the source of translation. Discussion on l10n keys As you might have noticed, we are using as source ID the actual sentence in English.In other languages, such as Russian or Serbian, there are two plural forms in addition to the singular - you may even find languages with a total of four, five or six forms, such as Slovenian, Irish or Arabic.
PHP Tutorial PDF For Beginners
This is because we're using the same file for input, processing, and display of information. Directory structure To use Gettext, we will need to adhere to a specific structure of folders.
Keep Updating yourself. Saving the Data to the Database Our form will allow us to input information, so how do we save it? It uses array formats for message.
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