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HUMAN ANATOMY EBOOK

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Learn the ins and outs of human anatomy by checking out the Anatomy Atlas eBook Library. The content in each eBook reviews basic facts about the body. Browse Health Sciences > Human Anatomy eBooks to read online or download in EPUB or PDF format on your mobile device and PC. Human Anatomy Lecture Notes by National Open University Of Nigeria. The aim of this note is to build your foundation in the developmental process and the.


Human Anatomy Ebook

Author:JEANNA KOSOFSKY
Language:English, Spanish, French
Country:Bahrain
Genre:Academic & Education
Pages:456
Published (Last):20.02.2016
ISBN:419-1-41167-352-7
ePub File Size:24.85 MB
PDF File Size:8.76 MB
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Buy Atlas of Human Anatomy: Read 26 Books Reviews - resourceone.info As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. Anatomia Color Atlas and Textbook of Human Anatomy Volume 3 resourceone.info Here is a list of online Books about Anatomy available for free downloading in various formats or for online reading: 3D Human Anatomy.

Nuclear medicine Medical records Medical technology Medicine and disease in relation to psychology. Terminal care. Dying Medicine and the humanities. Medicine and disease in relation to history, literature, etc. Medicine as a profession. Physicians Microbiology Missionary medicine. Medical missionaries Nursing Ophthalmology Other systems of medicine Otorhinolaryngology Pathology Pediatrics Pharmacy and materia medica Physiology Practice of medicine.

Medical practice economics Public aspects of medicine Surgery Therapeutics. Pharmacology Toxicology. Human anatomy Health Sciences Human anatomy titles from eBooks. Browse Human anatomy Subcategories. Filter Results. Last 30 days Last 90 days All time. English Only. All PDF Epub. Anatomy Demystified Dale Layman. Demystified Series. Add to Cart Add to Cart. Add to Wishlist Add to Wishlist. View More. The Brain and Behavior 2nd ed.

Clark , Nashaat N. Boutros and 1 more Cambridge University Press Anatomy at a Glance 3rd ed. Omar Faiz , Simon Blackburn and 1 more At A Glance Series. Jae W. Deja Review Series. Wakana and 2 more Elsevier Science Histology at a Glance Michelle Peckham. Color Atlas of Basic Histology 3rd ed. Irwin Berman. McGraw-Hill Education The Handy Answer Book Series. Health informatics. MRI from Picture to Proton. Anatomy and Physiology Workbook For Dummies. There is not a section I feel is missing, and I am happy with the overall level of detail given in the text.

The table of contents is clearly organized. However, I do think Chapter 16 is oddly inconsistent with the rest of the textbook.

Why is there a chapter on neurological exams, but no other such chapters for other systems? Does it need to be its own chapter, or can it be incorporated into the nervous system chapters for consistency? Also, many of the chapters end with a development section, except for urinary and digestive. Again from a consistency standpoint, I would have liked to see these included here.

The Pedagogical Foundation and Features I think are a great addition to the content of this textbook, and will be beneficial to the students. I have yet to find any inaccuracies in the content. There are some areas where I would have liked a little more detail i. I have seen extra information that I do not currently teach in my classes i. The basic content in the textbook will not change over time as science progresses, so I believe this textbook has longevity.

However, the interactive links will have to be checked and potentially updated as time passes. For example, I wonder if links to YouTube videos will always be accurate, and what will happen if the video is removed from YouTube in the future.

I imagine it would be too difficult to have an OpenStax Youtube channel with all the videos for each textbook, but that might help guarantee the videos stay accessible. Otherwise, the content would be easy to update or add to in the future to keep pace with scientific discovery. The text is written in as clear a way as a scientific textbook can be. There is a LOT of terminology that, for the most part, is explained adequately.

It also helps that these terms are bolded to call attention to them, and that there are lists of key terms at the ends of chapters to give students an easy to access list along with definitions of terms they should know. I found the textbook to be consistent throughout. Each section is really its own separate entity, so there is not a much overlap between chapters that would lend to inconsistency.

The text from chapter to chapter is easy to read, so I do not detect any sort of inconsistency in voice or areas the students should struggle with more based on the sentence phrasing. You can also easily edit the text and figure placement as well. The table of contents, as well as the chapters themselves, are clearly organized and formatted in an easy to read way.

The links in the table of contents that will allow you to jump to the start of each chapter are good to have. Students would not struggle to find their way around this book.

The chapters themselves are formatted well with headings and are easy to view. It is not difficult to find what you are looking for. There seems to be excessive white space when there are images too large for the current page where the text ends. I would have liked to see the elimination of this extra space. Students tend to stress when they see a book having such a large page number count, so getting rid of the white space would make it less intimidating.

I love the tables throughout the textbook, as they summarize important information in a clear and concise way for the reader. The end of chapter resources are great for students to use for review, so I am happy to see those included.

The index is extensive and also allows you to jump to the page s where the terms are located, which is a plus to using this textbook. Figures are extremely important to me when choosing a textbook.

I am happy to see in this textbook that the figures are nice and clear when you zoom in on them.

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They are also of good quality and accuracy; I have not been wishing to have a different image that what is provided in the text. A lot of free content out there tends to have cartoon-like figures that are not entirely accurate, but the figures included in this textbook I am extremely happy with i. They are or are very near the same quality as what you would get in a textbook you would pay for.

The links to animations and videos are also nice to have for students. When I clicked on the web URL to view the animation on metabolic processes pdf p. However, when I used my barcode scanner to scan the QR code, it did not open the animation on my phone it looks like it is the wrong web address compared to the URL link listed.

The interactive micrographs are a definite plus to using this textbook, I think they are awesome. Students struggle so much when it comes to the tissues, so having more potential practice images that they can zoom in on to great detail will be really helpful.

I think including this information i. I found nothing within the textbook to be offensive or insensitive, though I would have thought the section on inheritance would have included information on how XX and XY are not the only aspects that genetically can make your sex be male or female. I was pleasantly surprised at the quality of this textbook. I found it to be very thorough and well organized.

I look forward to adapting it to use in my courses! This textbook covers all the systems of the body. The table of contents if very detailed and the glossary allows for the reader to link directly to portions the text that discuss the vocabulary term. The information provided in the text is accurate.

The authors wrote the content in an interesting way. They use several analogies and visual language to help the reader follow along. The book is up-to-date. I particularly enjoy the links to youtube videos and career connections placed in the chapters. The authors of this book use very visual language.

This is important for a course like this one. It allows the reader to paint a picture in their minds of the concepts being covered and also use life experiences as examples. The text does a good job using anatomical terminology. They even make a point to refer the reader back to previous chapters to reinforce concepts.

The text is sectioned out appropriately. Readers can scan the chapters to easily find specific topics. The chapters are organized into units in a logical fashion. The various systems of the body are grouped together so the reader can see the connection they have in the human body plan.

The text was easy to navigate. The chapters are well organized and there are relevant figures and videos mixed into the text. There were no major grammatical errors in this book. The authors of the book did use very visual language and so there were times when the text was very wordy.

The book contains several inserts about potential careers and articles discussing current concerns about the various topics covered in the book. They are informative and interesting reads. I plan on using this text as a supplemental reading source for my students. It is full of interactive figures, side articles and great images. The OER text book adequately covers physiologic and anatomical concepts, addressing specific points with the depth and breath students need to understand the processes and continue to build, apply and master their knowledge in this discipline.

As in any course for this comment it depends on the delivery method, objectives and outcomes that are to be achieved, however from what my particular areas of focus are on I found accuracy and clear methods of conveying the materials. The book is arranged in a way that is easily understandable and predictable from unit to unit and chapter to chapter, so the reader will be able to find the materials they need to master.

The books units have been divided up into smaller sections and topics that are going to be readily incorporated into course subject delivery and coverage. Reading the OER online was very functional and compatible with the system I was working with. I do wish the online version had page numbers readily available to reference students to instead of having to have the students download the PDF. Grammar was very digestible, not to simple and to convoluted for one to read and understand the materials.

My only concern is finding the images needed to convey the Anatomy in a clear manner to my students. The newest updates to topics that I observed seemed to be from Statistics and evolving medicine need to be constantly updated, so I hope that one of the advantages of OER materials will be the ability for more frequent updating and additions of new materials and insights as they become available for students in fast evolving fields.

The links to the videos are expecially useful to today's students. The text is fairly consistent in the type of terminology, display, and methods used for conveying material between chapters so it should be easy for students to follow throughout the course. The contents and organization of the course into appropriate modules that can be EASILY assigned and accessed by students through the table of contents is one of the great assets of this text!

Faculty and students alike would greatly benefit from this method of organization when using the online modules. The contents, topics, and organization of the text are extremely clear and well-designed and is one of the great assets of this text! The text interface and all images are very clear. No navigational problems were encountered. The image denoting a "video" could be a better selection throughout.

While the text did not appear offensive, and there was definitely an attempt to use people from a variety of backgrounds in photos. However addressing more current issues of insensitivity such as biological gender not addressed. By and large I found the text to be comprehensive in nature for an undergraduate A and P book. Each organ system was addressed in good detail. There were a few areas where a bit more detail could have been provided eye anatomy; function of some There were a few areas where a bit more detail could have been provided eye anatomy; function of some brain structures such as the cerebellum, etc.

The extensive inclusion of case studies and insets certainly helped focus your energy on what is most important. The glossary and main topic summaries are excellent and provide a rapid review when coming back to a chapter. Overall, I found to book to be accurate and without any glaring inaccuracies. I did not detect significant bias towards a viewpoint scientific, political, or otherwise. I would consider this book to have an extended lifespan of relevancy. However, these could be quickly and efficiently modified without need to extensively modify the overall content of the text.

These really are helpful in making the students both understand what they are learning and also WHY it is important that they learn it. Overall I found the book to be clearly written and accessible to an undergraduate audience. The book avoids being unnecessarily dense and laden with impractical jargon. Consistency was fine. There were a few occasions where terminology of the text and terminology used in labeling images was not consistent. That being said, it would not be cause for major confusion and was isolated in nature.

My only complaint was that in several chapters there tended to be what seemed like an extended section of text without any accompanying figures or illustrations to draw your attention to for clarification. In general I had no problems interacting with the book.

The links to the interactive animations or modules all worked flawlessly. Some of the figures were not quite a clear as I had hoped. A bit more resolution would be appreciated in some figures.

Additionally, some figures seemed to be a bit small for my taste and could be a bit muddled with extensive labeling. That being said, I could still navigate the figures and understand what was trying to be conveyed. I did not find the book to contain any offensive material. When specific cultures, races, or ethnic backgrounds were mentioned it was to highlight matters of biological significance and importance. Overall I was quite impressed with the quality of the book.

I have reviewed other "open source" books and found them to contain inadequate detail and often felt disjointed due to having authors with dramatically different writing styles write different chapters. Some other books also utilized sub par illustrations.

This book used quite good illustrations and I quite enjoyed the interactive videos and case studies to highlight the significance of what you should be learning. The summaries and question bank at the end of each chapter allowed you to review what you should have learned and provided a quick review should you need to return to a chapter.

The textbook does cover the important concepts in Anatomy and Physiology. I do appreciate a glossary being at the end of each chapter, instead of the usual entire glossary at the end of the textbook. Since the basic concepts of Anatomy and Physiology are covered and the knowledge of the human body is pretty comprehensive, I don't foresee the textbook becoming irrelevant any time soon.

It's longevity is pretty much stable.

Human Anatomy – Print Book, eBook, Audio Book – $3.99

The text was clear and coherent, but at times was almost too simplistic. I would have liked to have seen a little more technical terminology used in order to get students used to integrating it into their normal speech.

The authors were consistent in their use of terminology throughout the textbook, and made referencing terminology not difficult. This text is very modular and it is easy to identify and work with individual units of material. The table of contents breaks out units in easy to identify topics that contain related content for ease of use. I would recommend putting in some learning objectives before each chapter subsection.

This text follows a similar flow and organization of many of the commercially available texts on the market. There are several problems that may affect readability and interaction with the text. Such as broken links that no longer had the identified content. Overall, this book is comparable to many of the commercially available textbooks on the market and would suffice for an introductory level anatomy and physiology class.

I did find it lacking in detail in a few areas, primarily in the detail of the I did find it lacking in detail in a few areas, primarily in the detail of the images and figure legends. I did appreciate the glossary at the end of each chapter, making it easy for students to reference material and reducing the "search" for terms through a giant glossary at the end of the book.

The table of contents and index were perfectly adequate and did a good job of providing the necessary information. I also appreciated the wide variety of resources provided, such as the practice questions, "aging and the The content was accurate, up-to-date, and unbiased in the presentation of materials. It reads in a very neutral tone that emphasized the presentation of information that has been well-researched. The written content was up-to-date and will stay relevant for the foreseeable future.

However, I found many of the interactive links to be somewhat outdated from the late s or early s and would have liked to see those updated with more current videos. The text was clear and coherent, but at times was almost too simplistic in prose.

There were times where I would have liked to see a little more technical terminology used in order to get students used to integrating it into their vernacular. Due to the complex nature of some of the topics, the oversimplification of prose not to be confused with content , may make it more difficult for students to synthesize and apply the information, since they will not be used to seeing it in those terms.

I appreciated that each chapter can stand alone and concepts are reviewed, so students do not have to "refer to chapter The other issue with clarity that I have is that the images and figures did not seem to have the same level of detail as the book, compared to other commercially published books, making them less effective in my mind.

This text was extremely consistent in it's framework and set-up. I greatly appreciated the learning objectives being presented at the beginning of each chapter and then throughout the chapter.

I also liked that each chapter has a similar flow, providing consistency for students in their learning. The authors were consistent in their use of terminology throughout the book and made referencing terminology easy. Individual chapters and subsections within chapters are of appropriate length and attempt to balance written content with figures and interactive components.

Topics are presented in a clear, logical manner that helps the reader move from one topic to the next. I reviewed the PDF version, so I cannot speak to the online version, but I found several problems that may affect readability and interaction with the text. For the sections I reviewed, there were several either broken links or links that no longer had the identified content, resulting in frustration on the readers part. There were also times where the page breaks did not match up with images or cut text in an awkward reading location.

Overall, this is a well-developed OER resource for an introductory level Anatomy and Physiology course. The content is sufficient for a or level class and it is a relatively easy to read compared to similar commercially available texts. This book covers the material for an introductory two semester A and P class. The chapter organization allows for a flexible sequence of material. It could easily be used for an 1 semester introductory physiology class or a 1 semester It could easily be used for an 1 semester introductory physiology class or a 1 semester introduction to anatomy class.

At this level the content will have a good longevity. This book has the fundamentals needed to teach an introductory course.

I can add updated material to my course easily without changing textbooks. It is a readable text. Terminology is an important component of anatomy so terminology is required. Definitions are accessible within the chapters. Diagrams are simple but very effective.

Logical, I might use it in a slightly different order but I do not have a problem assigning chapters out of order. The images and charts are fine. A few of the hyperlinks did not work or sent me to the wrong website.

It do not see that as a problem. The page numbers were off by 10 pages in the PDF. Once I figured it out, it was not a problem. I just adjusted my search page number. This appears to be a functional text that would be a economical alternative to our current text.

This one is organized a bit differently, but all of the important concepts This one is organized a bit differently, but all of the important concepts from the standard one are present with a different, more student-centered focus. This textbook even goes beyond the standard texts in this field with an innovative, highly career-relevant chapter entitled "The Neurological Exam.

While the book reads well, it was troubling to find some obvious mistakes in the random sections I chose to review. It may need to be proof-read in its entirety to ensure overall accuracy. The most troubling mistakes that I found were: Figure This is a huge mistake since accessory digestive organs are called Accessory because they are NOT part of the GI tract at all.

Secondly, vitamins cannot be synthesized by our bodies at all which makes them essential parts of our diets. Typos found: Exp from table on page Insulin "causes cells in muscle, adipose tissue, and liver to take up glucose from the blood and store it in the liver and muscle as glucagon; its effect is the opposite of glucagon;" - It should have said that glucose is stored as glycogen, not glucagon.

This sort of typo could obviously be confusing for students, especially those learning this material for the first time. I will be sending these and any other problems I note to the authors as they request in the Preface.

This text goes out of its way to reference current research that may impact various aspects of the material.

Connect for Human Anatomy (5e 17) w/eBook

The fact that the authors are themselves teachers makes me feel like they will be making changes as they recognize the need for them in their students' reactions to the material. The Neurological Exam chapter seems to be the most vulnerable to changes in the short term as medical norms evolve more quickly than physiological research. The sections I read, for the most part were clear and in some cases much more understandable than the comparable paper textbook to which I was comparing this online text.

Good Examples of Clarity within this book: Examples of Possible Clarity problems: Last paragraph on page 44 says "the most common form of carbon's mass number is It should instead say that "the most common form of carbon found in our world has a mass number of However the mass number is used simply to label and track the isotopes while this section makes it sound like that is the most important aspect. Could confuse students new to basic chemistry. In this sentence: This addition would also make it more consistent with the structural uses of CHOs listed in the same sentence.

Khan video chosen for Glycolysis Interactive link at top of pg. The text version explanation below this link was much better at clarifying this central process. In general, I felt that the "Interactive Links" i. There seems to be a need to create more OpenStax videos that more clearly integrate with the text. The authors state that they designed this textbook to promote scientific literacy and they have succeeded.

However, all of the features were not consistently included in every chapter. Perhaps this text is still a work in progress? Each unit and the chapters within each unit can stand alone without phrases like "in the last chapter The book chapters are organized into units by the overall functions necessary to support life. It helps students create a general schema of the overall purpose of each body system and how they work together to maintain homeostasis and growth.

Figures not sized to be on same page as associated text within the PDF. The figures themselves are legible, but the excessive white space is a bit distracting and adds to the overall length of the document.

The online version flows well without this type of distraction. Photos included a variety of races and I particularly liked Figure 5. It nicely illustrated what I have long had to explain to my students about the mechanisms of skin color. The overall conversational style of the book is exemplified by the following phrase: This can be especially challenging because you need to learn about the nervous system using your own nervous system.

The text covers all of the information that would be typically required for an introductory human anatomy and physiology course. Besides being similar to other textbooks in its arrangement, the content is comparable to many published textbooks. I would prefer to have more microscopic images of tissues, and different image views of muscles and joints. Having the chapters broken down into smaller sections that include summaries and questions for the students are all beneficial.

The content within seems to be concise and accurate. Again, this book is geared more towards an introductory human anatomy and physiology, therefore, it is evenly balanced between anatomy and physiology.

If one was teaching a higher-level course, then supplemental material would be required for a more in-depth perspective. There were a few grammatical errors which is not uncommon to find. The content does seem to be up-to-date. Even though medical and scientific advances may lead to changes from time to time within the text, this should only be minor adjustments.

The text is written in a manner that should be easily understood by an undergraduate student. The information is presented in a clear and concise manner that follows the natural progression through anatomy and physiology similar to many other textbooks.

Therefore, one might need to use supplemental images and animations to get some points across. The text is consistent in its arrangement. Each section is followed by summaries, student questions, and definitions that are all helpful to the student. The text is divided into sections that are easy to follow and navigate through. The text contains units that are divided into chapters that are further divided into sections. This makes the arrangement of the course more manageable for both the instructor and the student.

The text does contain a number of graphics as well as website links and videos. Many of the links were excellent resources for students, however, some of the links were outdated. The text conveys the information in a very straightforward manner and I did not find anything to be offensive or insulting. The information presented in the text is for and representative of a wide range of age and race, as well as both genders.

The text provides a comprehensive review of Anatomy and Physiology in 6 Units: The content of the book is current and is organized. The topic is one that that will not quickly change or become outdated. The text is very consistent in that each chapter begins with chapter objectives,offers appropriate figures for visual understanding, provides Interactive links for students to watch videos or animations. Each chapter ends with key terms, a chapter review, interactive link questions, review questions and critical thinking questions.

Reviewed by David McLeod , Asst. This text covers the topics of human anatomy and human physiology relatively comprehensively. As in any combined text or class , it would be nearly impossible to provide in-depth coverage of either topic.

Instead, I found that this text covered I would imagine that anyone teaching separate anatomy and physiology courses would find this books treatment of the body only partially sufficient. That said, there was a surprising amount of detail included in certain sections e. Generally accurate, though there are errors within e.

Understanding of physiology may change with time, but even that is likely to have reached a reasonable level of stasis.

Human anatomy

This book has no glaring issues that would cause it to fall into irrelevancy. The text is adequately written. I did find that there is a fair bit of redundancy between certain sections e. This may have been intentional, using repetition to drive home a particular point or connect topics between sections and chapters. It may have also been an artifact of multiple authors. The text is easily read and should present the undergraduate reader with few if any issues.

I do like the structure of each chapter which is consistently reflected throughout the book. The end of chapter summaries, glossaries, and review questions is well constructed and maintained throughout the book.

Image quality is consistent throughout each chapter. I teach in an institution which has separate anatomy and physiology courses. That said, I would have little hesitation in recommending this title for a combined course at the undergraduate level. This text would work well for a course that uses models and possibly pro-sections for the teaching of anatomy. It would be inadequate for a course that utilizes cadavers.

This is especially true for musculoskeletal and nervous system topics which would benefit greatly from additional illustrations and photographs of cadaveric materials if catering to an anatomy-only model program.

Topics are reasonably well organized. I would suggest significant changes if trying to adapt it to my own gross anatomy course, but my course is not necessarily the primary target of this text. Given that I do not teach a combined course I can only comment that the organization of the text seems logical enough. I found no significant interface issues.

I intentionally reviewed the low quality text to see how "rough" it would be. There were some images that were completely sharp, and others that were difficult to really see clearly.

I was surprised by the discrepancy I had assumed that all art would be prepared to the same standards. I also found a significant amount of shadowing in the images in the low resolution version viz. Given that we look much the same beneath the epidermis, I found the text appropriate in its portrayal of the body.

Images represented both males and females and photographs included subjects from various ethnic backgrounds. I had hoped that the ability to customize this text would permit its use in an anatomy-only course. I was disappointed but not surprised to find that though most of the topics and concepts that I teach are covered here, it would take far too much effort to customize the text for my gross anatomy course. The text covers the main systems, with a focus on defining terms and describing and illustrating anatomy.

Physiology is provided, but in less detail. Overall, I believe this text is well-suited to provide students with an introduction to anatomy Overall, I believe this text is well-suited to provide students with an introduction to anatomy and physiology suitable to a year 1 module within a Higher Education programme. Of particular use to health care professionals was the inclusion of pathophysiology and occasional discussion of relevant conditions and treatments. For example, within the cardiovascular system section description of CPR and cardiac tamponade was included, helping students to begin applying their knowledge to professional practice.

Although I have not read every single page of the text, the vast majority of the text appears to be relevant and accurate. Language appears objective and professional, and there is a focus on promoting the importance of anatomy and physiology to health care professionals, which is a significant strength for use of the book within a healthcare programme. As previously stated, the book presents content relevant to the subjects covered. The text is relatively recent and all content reviewed appears to be up-to-date.

Continuation of achieving this is made easily achievable by the online method of delivery. Videos and images have also largely been used effectively to support and break-up sections of text.

The text is written clearly and concisely, with sections being easy to read to understand. The text is clearly structured and body systems have grouped logically. Anatomical and physiological terminology is highlighted and defined sufficiently.

Throughout the text, language is consistently professional and academic. It is easy to understand for the reader and the formatting and structure is maintained throughout. This helps enable the reader to become familiar with the focus and direction of the text. The text has been structured well into logical sections, based on function. This helps the reader combine and relate knowledge of separate systems to gain an understanding of how the body functions as a whole.

Within each section, learning outcomes have been well-utilised to provide focus and direction. The formatting of the structure of each section is maintained throughout, helping to provide consistency for the reader.

I like how the body systems have been grouped to structure the text as it enables the reader to consider how systems work together to provide a homeostasis. The text is easy to navigate and clear, effective illustrations are included to support descriptions and break-up large sections of text. Video links have been included to provide an additional learning platform, all of which have loaded successfully and quickly during the review.

No grammatical errors were noted during the review. Language is consistently professional and academic. The text includes information and figure relating to a range of ages, races and genders.

It is particularly useful for health care students as it also occasionally considers how theory relates to their practice. Overall, I am impressed with the standard of this text and feel it is well-suited to introductory Anatomy and Physiology modules completed within the first year of Higher Education study within healthcare programmes.

The text is structured logically, helping enable the reader to combine their understanding of separate systems to create an understanding of how the human body functions as a whole.

The content focuses on anatomy more than physiology, but is adequate for an introductory module. This book is comprehensive, covered with all organ systems and major topics. It also includes some side topics in many chapters. Additionally, inclusion of chapters of neurological exam and fetal development is unique and impressive.

The materials The materials included could be used to teach lower college-level human anatomy and physiology courses.

Although it covers many clinical-related information, not much mechanistic science at cellular or molecular levels is included in some of chapters. One example is about hemoglobin dissociation curve shift. The effects of cellular metabolite BPG is not mentioned, and comparison between myoglobin and hemoglobin is not discussed. Another example is action potential initiation is covered but its propagation is not discussed, and pacemaker potential is not covered. In other chapters, such as the immune system, cellular and molecular mechanisms are covered.

The text also provides extra materials with interactive link, which helps to understand more complicated topics that require higher order thinking. Although most of the contents from the link are clinically related, and do not seem relevant to the materials present in the written text. Additionally, this book also includes a section of career connections that introduce various career opportunities.

These extra materials provide students with connection between physiological concepts and everyday life. In general, most of the contents is accurate. Most figures and diagrams are labeled correctly. Some inaccurate or confusing points exist, however. For example: The publisher website has an online errata list for reporting inaccuracy, thus the accuracy will be improved overtime. The information is mostly up-to-date and consistent with the mainstream opinions in the fields.

This book also includes information that is relevant to everyday life, clinical application, and health professional careers, which is discussed through "Everyday Connection", interactive linked materials and critical thinking questions. In contrast, research methods and discoveries are not as much as emphasized.

It is relatively easy to implement new discoveries using links. The online version is suitable for frequent updating and revising, and thus should last long. In general, the materials are written in a clear manner, which makes it easy to read. Many concepts are explained in a simplified manner without going to depth, thus this text could be used for test review as well.

The glossary and index are very good. Some terminology are not specified or misused, and some sentences for example, body temperature regulation part are misleading. Overall format and most structures are labeled consistently, at least within the same unit and chapter.

Writing style varies since the textbook is written by multiple authors. Some of the same terminology are discussed using multiple different names, and some of the same structures are pictured using different colors. Such inconsistencies mostly is minor, but could be distracting. The online version of the textbook has modularity in units and chapters, but pdf version is download as one piece.

It would be nice to offer an option for sectional downloading. The sequence of the chapters are in a similar order as most other anatomy and physiology textbooks.

It should not be hard for instructors to adapt this textbook and use sections of the book. Units and chapters are organized well. The book start with general and fundamental knowledge, followed by individual systems, similar as most physiology textbooks. Each chapter begins with objectives, key terms, and glossary, flow to key points, review questions, and then to critical thinking questions and link questions, requiring increasing depth of understanding. The glossaries included within each section can be identified when the term is searched.

Figures, tables and videos are also well-organized. Overall, materials is organized in a progressive manner. The interface is clear and its layout is organized well.

The interactive links provide additional information and questions, which is a plus. I prefer to use a printout hardcopy, so that I can refer to the diagrams and text at same time without scrolling back and forth, and when there is no or bad internet connection.

The pdf version does not have page numbers, which makes it hard to find relevant materials listed in the table of contents and index. Figures and tables are not referred well in the text. On some pages of the printed copy, however, some of images and text are not on the same page, whereas on other pages there is a chunk of blank space. This book contains a few minor grammatical errors.

The topics of anatomy and physiology would apply to many species, including humans. It is not uncommon that cultural and ethnic information is missing in a textbook at this level. This book is culturally sensitive. Some diseases that affect certain gender, ages, races or ethnicities are discussed, and some images and drawings of people of different races are included.

Students and instructors especially in health professions would appreciate these examples that include a diversity of gender, racial and ethnic background. This textbook include topics from both anatomy and physiology. Overall it is a great teaching and learning resource. Most departments and institutions teach these two subject separately, so that they would only use part of this book wherever materials are appropriate.

This book simplifies some difficult concepts and makes them easier to understand, but sometimes this text lacks depth and it is not as thorough as some other textbooks. Additionally, this textbook is better be used for introductory physiology undergraduate courses or for applied science courses, but not for major biology courses, as it does not include much research contents. Furthermore, inclusion of a question bank would be ideal for instructors.

I have used part of chapters of this book for an introduction course. For my purpose, it is very comprehensive. Due to time limitation, I have to skip some sections. As an electronics book, it is easy to identify the content. It seems this is not It seems this is not a book for an introduction course, especially for engineering students.

The instructor has to tailor it. Some time, I have to search around to confirm if the definition is right, especially there are many other books with different statements. But overall, it is pretty accurate. But for figures, I usually do not use those with the book, since better ones could be found on Web. One of the drawback is there is no animation.

One big advantage of open book is that the book could be updated very quickly. If there is any obsolete knowledge, the book should be open for updating by anyone after approval. For this book, I did not see this advantage. Overall the content is easily understood, but some time the text is very tedious, which could be described easily with an animation. I do not think the book has any advantages over traditional books on modularity, although it can be done very efficiently through an E book.

The content could be classified for courses at different levels. An instructor could pick modules based on their purposes, and then distribute to students.

The book is presented in a logical way, but not sure if that is important. If the book is based on modular design. The structure should be flexible.

We do see naked people over there. For this case, a few figures could be provided based on different cultures. This is a good start point for freeing students from expensive traditional books and this is the trend to go. We really appreciate this. Future improvements could focus on flexibility and better presentation, such as animation.

In addition, on-line question banks should be provided to the instructor. The comprehensiveness of this work is comparable to other anatomy and physiology texts that are geared toward undergraduate coursework. The table of contents is effective and provides a nice linked design to the various sections within the work. In addition, there is a nice glossary with listed terms appearing at the end of each chapter. The text offers a good overview of each system with the basics of anatomy and physiology covered.

There is also a review section with questions at the end of each chapter that offers questions for the students to test their comprehension. This is most appropriate for introductory courses, as it lacks some of the detail you may find in more advanced texts. The text appeared to be unbiased and fairly balanced with both anatomy and physiology. I did not notice any issues with accuracy, and there were few grammatical and editing errors.

Some chapters, such as the skeletal system, are more geared toward the anatomy, but this is consistent with other publisher's books. If a more in-depth discussion of the physiology is warranted, then a separate text or resource may be needed.

The content appears to be up-to-date. The chapters contain clinical sections that connect the concepts to current medical technology, procedures, and pathologies. There are in-text links that tie the chapter content to outside websites that offer additional resources, which is a nice way to supplement the chapter. In addition, there is a brief section devoted to development within many chapters.

Chapters are often not as detailed as comparable standard format texts, but are still appropriate for the introductory student. I believe that this text is relevant and has good short-term longevity, though medical advances and website changes will require future editing.

The text reads easily and uses clear and concise language. Complex terminology is explained coherently and concepts are often paired with a relevant image. The structure of the text appears consistent and uniform from chapter to chapter, which helps with overall clarity and guidance for the reader. The text's modularity is good and it is easy to navigate the subsections of each chapter. This is another point of commonality between this text and standard format texts. Subheadings are clear and easy for the reader to navigate.

The organization of the text is similar to other textbooks and it proceeds in a logical fashion from the chemical and cellular level to the major systems of the body. The structure of each chapter is also similar, as the text is punctuated by clinical anecdotes and descriptions where appropriate and many conclude with developmental aspects of growth and formation of the system.

The flow of each chapter is also logical and readable. The interface of the book was good overall. The text often links to outside resources and videos that help the reader visualize and understand important concepts. I did notice that some of the links were outdated, or no longer linked to the stated content. An example is the section on the microanatomy of bone.

It links back to an Openstax page that no longer contains the video. Many of the links to university and college sites were excellent and provided nice views of slides, videos, etc. The text had few grammatical errors and they were fairly easy to overlook and didn't hinder the readability of the chapter. The text appears culturally relevant and I did not come across any sections that were offensive or insensitive. Overall this is a nice introductory text that covers the basics of anatomy and physiology with clarity.

The in-text links also allow the instructor to pull additional resources to supplement the information found in each chapter. The images are the major drawback, as they are often not as clear and detailed as comparable textbooks, but the price could easily outweigh any reservations on the part of an instructor looking to adopt this text.

This text is quite comprehensive, with detailed subject matter on several levels, including various formats for student use and the ability for instructors to customize to their level of instruction.

The index does a good job of presenting the The index does a good job of presenting the Unit topic with subsequent Chapters, each color coded to assist in evaluating content quickly. Chapters begin with a brief list of expectations then provide opportunities not only of text but support with illustrations, examples and interactive links. At the end of each unit is a glossary of Key Terms relating to that unit, a Chapter Review, Review Questions and Critical Thinking Questions, all providing comprehensive review options.

Having the glossary connected to the unit enables easy reference and to refresh memory of content. The Chapter Review is detailed enough to support responses to the question section that follows. In addition, answers are provided in the back of the book, making it possible, but not too convenient, to check responses.

There were no inaccuracies noted, nor were there any typographical errors. Information provided seemed factual without personal opinions. However, I did not read every word in the book! Content seems up-to-date and relevant to today and the needs of the medical field at this point. The nice attribute of Open STAX is that the instructor can add and delete content as relevance changes and other areas come to the forefront.

It should not be difficult to change various inserts, such as the Career Connection and the Interactive Links, as these and others are highlighted and boxed within the full text. This book is very detailed and does use terminology that may be difficult for some to comprehend, depending on level of exposure and intended use.

The explanations are detailed, appear accurate and provide depth to the subject presented. Much of the text is backed up with illustrations, examples or interactive links. The vocabulary is advanced in some areas presuming previous knowledge in the sciences i. The book is well presented from the Preface explaining the open learning concept through the index that provides ease in finding information with an easy to follow outline.

Each chapter follows the outline and includes sections with repetitive content and summary sections. Very well organized and easy to follow. Unit titles are divided by body system action i. Support and Movement rather than system name skeletal , making introduction more well rounded and inclusive.

In addition, disease examples are included as part of the system chapter, rather than being grouped as afterthoughts separate from function. Interactive links are spread through each unit providing an alternative method of exploration and learning. Very well organized and thought out information per section with good presentation flow. While providing detailed information on a topic the reader is also provided options for expanded learning opportunities.

Each of the sections provided could easily be updated, expanded, deleted or moved as the instructor customizes their class. Very well organized with good flow for instructor and student.

Demonstrates consistency and is easy to follow. There were no issues noted with interface as all illustrations and information provided came across clearly without distortion or confusion.

There are no inappropriate references to culturally sensitive issues noted in the text. The Interactive Links and Career Connections were well presented and relevant. While this book was very detailed with a more advanced vocabulary than beginning medical classes might be used to, it was well organized, well written, and offered various options for learning.

With the ability for instructors to customize presentation this all provides a good option for a variety of class levels. This text is very comprehensive including all the traditional chapters in systems' approach of anatomy and physiology instruction with each chapter clearly divided into cohesive topics that coherently describe the structural components and I have reviewed each chapter superficially but specifically reviewed carefully Chapter I felt the explanation of a T cell receptor and MHC complexes was great and accurate.

There is not enough genetic explanation on how we end up with millions of specific TCR bearing cells but that is not the scope of a sophomore level anatomy and physiology course. Overall, it was very accurate and with enough detail. I believe the chapters are up to date for the most part, as long as there is a way to ensure periodic updates, it should not be too difficult to do them. I felt it was accessible to students at this level. This book is very much like a non OER when it comes to modularity, its index lends itself to those modules and subtopics that make reading transitions between related topics easy to the reader.

I surfed through the whole interface and did not find it difficult to load specially images or figures. This was great! I would say with confidence that is not insensitive or offensive culturally in any way. I was pleasantly surprised with the accuracy of the chapter dealing with Immunology as it is particular confusing for students at the level. In addition, it is easy and clear to read and navigation was not slow online version or frustrating in any way.

I would be willing to try it in my course. I am comparing this open source textbook to another widely used, commercially available text. Compared to that, OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology is not quite as comprehensive. All major subject areas are covered i. The content of this text is by and large accurate.

Again, I'm comparing it to a widely used text from a highly reputable publisher. Yes, I have found a few errors in the OpenStax text. But I have also found similar numbers and types of errors in the commercially available text. I do not find the OpenStax text biased in any way that I have noticed. I find the OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology text to have appropriate relevance and longevity.

It is not written in such a way that would require major edits to update it. The text relates well to the current generation of users by providing lots of embedded links.This special edition completed with Page 1. Human Anatomy Lecture Notes This lectures will predominantly cover functional anatomy within specific systems.

Overall, I believe this text is well-suited to provide students with an introduction to anatomy and physiology suitable to a year 1 module within a Higher Education programme. I do like the structure of each chapter which is consistently reflected throughout the book. The content focuses on anatomy more than physiology, but is adequate for an introductory module.

Also, I believe it is confusing to students to identify the adenoid and then a tonsil inferior to it in Fig. The materials The "Chapter Reviews" at the end of each chapter are also helpful including brief summaries on individual sections and multiple choice review questions in addition to critical thinking questions to test for understanding and application of the material.