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NIGERIAN CONSTITUTION PDF

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Federal Republic of Nigeria. 1. (1) This Constitution is supreme and its provisions shall have binding force on the authorities and persons throughout the Federal. Persons born outside Nigeria after 30th September, . Nigeria and, subject to the provisions of section 4 of this Constitution, if any other law ( including. Supremacy of constitution. 2. The Federal Republic of. Nigeria. 3. States of the Federation and the. Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Part II. Powers of the Federal.


Nigerian Constitution Pdf

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conform to, observe and apply the provisions of this Chapter of this. Constitution. (1) The Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be a State based on the principles. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA. THE CONSTITUTION. OF THE. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7 . A highly accessible, easy to use app version of the Constitution of Nigeria the supreme law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria with it's 1st, 2nd and 3rd.

No association by whatever name called shall function as a party, unless - … b the membership of the association is open to every citizen of Nigeria irrespective of his place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or ethnic grouping; … e the name of the association, its symbol or logo does not contain any ethnic or religious connotation or give the appearance that the activities of the association are confined to a part only of the geographical area of Nigeria; … Sec.

The registration of voters and the conduct of elections shall be subject to the direction and supervision of Independent National Electoral Commission. Third Schedule, Sec. A person shall be qualified for election to the office of the President if - a he is a citizen of Nigeria by birth; b he has attained the age of forty years; c he is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party; and d he has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent.

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, every citizen of Nigeria shall have the right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria. It shall be the duty of every citizen to - a abide by this Constitution, respect its ideals and its institutions, … Sec. The Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja shall, in addition to such other jurisdiction as may be conferred upon by an Act of The National Assembly Exercise such appellate and supervisory jurisdiction in civil proceedings involving questions of Customary law.

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Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria , as amended to English Download All. Citizenship and Nationality 1 The following persons are citizens of Nigeria by birth-namely- a every person born in Nigeria before the date of independence, either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents belongs or belonged to a community indigenous to Nigeria; Provided that a person shall not become a citizen of Nigeria by virtue of this section if neither of his parents nor any of his grandparents was born in Nigeria.

Citizenship and Nationality 1 Subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Constitution, a person to whom the provisions of this section apply may be registered as a citizen of Nigeria, if the President is satisfied that - a he is a person of good character; b he has shown a clear intention of his desire to be domiciled in Nigeria; and c he has taken the Oath of Allegiance prescribed in the Seventh Schedule to this Constitution.

Citizenship and Nationality 1 Any citizen of Nigeria of full age who wishes to renounce his Nigerian citizenship shall make a declaration in the prescribed manner for the renunciation. Citizenship and Nationality 1 The president may make regulations, not inconsistent with this Chapter, prescribing all matters which are required or permitted to be prescribed or which are necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to the provisions of this Chapter, and for granting special immigrant status with full residential rights to non-Nigerian spouses of citizens of Nigeria who do not wish to acquire Nigerian citizenship.

Citizenship and Nationality Notwithstanding the provisions of Chapter III of this Constitution but subject to section 28 thereof, any person who became a citizen of Nigeria by birth, registration or naturalisation under the provisions of any other Constitution shall continue to be a citizen of Nigeria under this Constitution. Citizenship and Nationality 9. Jurisdiction and Access 1 The Supreme Court shall, to the exclusion of any other court, have original jurisdiction in any dispute between the Federation and a state or between states if and in so far as that dispute involves any question whether of law or fact on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends.

FREE: Download 1999 Nigerian Constitution (As Amended)

Jurisdiction and Access 1 The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction, to the exclusion of any other court of law in Nigeria, to hear and determine appeals from the Court of Appeal.

Jurisdiction and Access 1 An appeal shall lie from decisions of the Federal High Court or a High Court to the Court of Appeal as of right in the following cases - … c decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to the interpretation or application of this Constitution; d decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to whether any of the provisions of Chapter IV of this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be, contravened in relation to any person; … Sec.

Jurisdiction and Access 1 An appeal to the Court of Appeal shall lie as of right from - a decisions of the code of Conduct Tribunal established in the Fifth Schedule to this Constitution; b decisions of the National and State Houses of Assembly Election Tribunals; and c decisions of the Governorship Election Tribunals, on any question as to whether - i any person has been validly elected as a member of the National Assembly or of a House of Assembly of a State under this Constitution, … Sec.

Jurisdiction and Access 1 Notwithstanding anything to the contained in this Constitution and in addition to such other jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by an Act of the National Assembly, the Federal High Court shall have and exercise jurisdiction to the exclusion of any other court in civil causes and matters — … q subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the operation and interpretation of this Constitution in so far as it affects the Federal Government or any of its agencies; … Sec.

Jurisdiction and Access 1 Where any question as to the interpretation or application of this Constitution arises in any proceedings in any court of law in any part of Nigeria other than in the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the Federal High Court or a High Court and the court is of the opinion that the question involves a substantial question of law, the court may, and shall if any of the parties to the proceedings so requests, refer the question to the Federal High Court or a High Court having jurisdiction in that part of Nigeria and the Federal High Court or the High Court shall a if it is of opinion that the question involves a substantial question of law, refer the question to the Court of Appeal; or b if it is of opinion that the question does not involve a substantial question of law, remit the question to the court that made the reference to be disposed of in accordance with such directions as the Federal High Court or the High Court may think fit to give.

Constitution of Nigeria

Education 1 Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels. Employment Rights and Protection 3 The State shall direct its policy towards ensuring that- a all citizens, without discrimination on any group whatsoever, have the opportunity for securing adequate means of livelihood as well as adequate opportunity to secure suitable employment; b conditions of work are just and humane, and that there are adequate facilities for leisure and for social, religious and cultural life; c the health, safety and welfare of all persons in employment are safeguarded and not endangered or abused; … e there is equal pay for equal work without discrimination on account of sex, or on any other ground whatsoever; … Sec.

Employment Rights and Protection Equality and Non-Discrimination … And to provide for a Constitution for the purpose of promoting the good government and welfare of all persons in our country, on the principles of freedom, equality and justice, and for the purpose of consolidating the unity of our people … Preamble. Equality and Non-Discrimination 1 A citizen of Nigeria of a particular community, ethnic group, place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion shall not, by reason only that he is such a person: Obligations of Private Parties It shall be the duty of every citizen to — … c respect the dignity of other citizens and the rights and legitimate interests of others and live in unity and harmony and in the spirit of common brotherhood; … Sec.

Judicial Protection 6 The judicial powers vested in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this section — … b shall extend, to all matters between persons, or between government or authority and to any persons in Nigeria, and to all actions and proceedings relating thereto, for the determination of any question as to the civil rights and obligations of that person; … Sec.

Judicial Protection 1 Any person who alleges that any of the provisions of this Chapter has been, is being or likely to be contravened in any State in relation to him may apply to a High Court in that State for redress.

Judicial Protection 2 An appeal shall lie from the decisions of the Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court as of right in the following cases- … c decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to whether any of the provisions of Chapter IV 5 of this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be, contravened in relation to any person; … Sec.

Judicial Protection 1 An appeal shall lie from decisions of the Federal High Court or a High Court to the Court of Appeal as of right in the following cases - … d decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to whether any of the provisions of Chapter IV 7 of this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be, contravened in relation to any person; … Sec.

Marriage and Family Life 3 For the purpose of promoting national integration, it shall be the duty of the State to: Marriage and Family Life 3 The State shall direct its policy towards ensuring that- … h the evolution and promotion of family life is encouraged.

Marriage and Family Life 1 An appeal shall lie from decisions of the Federal High Court or a High Court to the Court of Appeal as of right in the following cases — … f decisions made or given by the Federal High Court or a High Court — … iv in the case of a decree nisi in a matrimonial cause or a decision in an admiralty action determining liability, … 2 Nothing in this section shall confer any of appeal — … b from an order absolute for the dissolution or nullity of marriage in favour of any party who, having had time and opportunity to appeal from the decree nisi on which the order was founded, has not appealed from that decree nisi; … Sec.

Marriage and Family Life 1 The Sharia Court of Appeal shall, in addition to such other jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by an Act of the National Assembly, exercise such appellate and supervisory jurisdiction in civil proceedings involving questions of Islamic personal law. Marriage and Family Life 1 The sharia Court of Appeal of a State shall, in addition to such other jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by the law of the State, exercise such appellate and supervisory jurisdiction in civil proceedings involving questions of Islamic personal Law which the court is competent to decide in accordance with the provisions of subsection 2 of this section.

Marriage and Family Life Marriage and Family Life 1. Participation in Public Life and Institutions 1 A citizen of Nigeria of a particular community, ethnic group, place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion shall not, by reason only that he is such a person: Political Rights and Association 4 The Government of a State shall ensure that every person who is entitled to vote or be voted for at an election to House of Assembly shall have the right to vote or be voted for at an election to a local government council.

Political Rights and Association Every person shall be entitled to assemble freely and associate with other persons, and in particular he may form or belong to any political party, trade union or any other association for the protection of his interests: Political Rights and Association 2 Every citizen of Nigeria, who has attained the age of eighteen years residing in Nigeria at the time of the registration of voters for purposes of election to a legislative house, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter for that election.

Political Parties No association by whatever name called shall function as a party, unless - … b the membership of the association is open to every citizen of Nigeria irrespective of his place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion or ethnic grouping; … e the name of the association, its symbol or logo does not contain any ethnic or religious connotation or give the appearance that the activities of the association are confined to a part only of the geographical area of Nigeria; … Sec.

Electoral Bodies The registration of voters and the conduct of elections shall be subject to the direction and supervision of Independent National Electoral Commission. Head of State 1 There shall be for the Federation a President.

Head of State A person shall be qualified for election to the office of the President if - a he is a citizen of Nigeria by birth; b he has attained the age of forty years; c he is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party; and d he has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent.

Vice-President A person shall be qualified for election to the office of the President if - a he is a citizen of Nigeria by birth; b he has attained the age of forty years; c he is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party; and d he has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent.

The constitution amendment team comprise of the Governor-General, sixteen 16 official and twenty eight 28 unofficial members. Of the twenty eighty 28 unofficial members, the Governor nominated two 2 members, while four 4 members were elected.

The North, West and Eastern Regions nominated eleven 11 , eight 8 and six 6 members respectively. The constitution, therefore, made provision for the creation of regional House of Assemblies, where native authorities were to nominate members of the Legislative Council.

To qualify for election, a candidate must have a minimum annual income of fifty 50 pounds. It is important to note that this constitution was enacted after the Second World War.

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Returning soldiers conscripted to fight on the side of colonial Britain became much more aware of freedom, sovereignty and the right for self-determination as captured in the United Nations charter.

This resulted to the constitution, also known as The Macpherson Constitution , which is acclaimed to have the highest indigenous input towards the constitution-making process, in the history of Nigeria. The major highlight of the constitution was the formation of a unified Federal System of Government, for the first time, while retaining regional autonomy of the three Geo-political regions of Nigeria.

Nigeria's quest for full independence and institutional loopholes present in the constitution to address and manage tensions and ethnic violence necessitated yet another constitution.

The outcome of that conference was the Constitution , also known as the Lyttleton Constitution. Lagos was isolated from the control of any regional government, and made the Federal Capital Territory, with Ministers given specific portfolios. Southern Cameroon, which until this point was part of the larger Nigeria, was also granted autonomy. Consequently in , the Western and Eastern regions stated their self-governance, while the North indicated their non-readiness at the time.

Two years later, the North also stated their self-governance, setting the stage for the quest for accomplishing total independence of Nigeria. Nigeria got her political independence as a sovereign state in October 1, under the constitution, also known as the Independence Constitution. The constitution amendment team comprise of the Governor-General, sixteen 16 official and twenty eight 28 unofficial members.

Of the twenty eighty 28 unofficial members, the Governor nominated two 2 members, while four 4 members were elected. The North, West and Eastern Regions nominated eleven 11 , eight 8 and six 6 members respectively.

The constitution, therefore, made provision for the creation of regional House of Assemblies, where native authorities were to nominate members of the Legislative Council.

To qualify for election, a candidate must have a minimum annual income of fifty 50 pounds. It is important to note that this constitution was enacted after the Second World War.

LawNigeria

Returning soldiers conscripted to fight on the side of colonial Britain became much more aware of freedom, sovereignty and the right for self-determination as captured in the United Nations charter. This resulted to the constitution, also known as The Macpherson Constitution, which is acclaimed to have the highest indigenous input towards the constitution-making process, in the history of Nigeria. The major highlight of the constitution was the formation of a unified Federal System of Government, for the first time, while retaining regional autonomy of the three Geo-political regions of Nigeria.

The outcome of that conference was the Constitution, also known as the Lyttleton Constitution. Lagos was isolated from the control of any regional government, and made the Federal Capital Territory, with Ministers given specific portfolios.

Southern Cameroon, which until this point was part of the larger Nigeria, was also granted autonomy.Although realistic in its assessment of the situation in Nigeria, the Richards Constitution undoubtedly intensified regionalism as an alternative to political unification. Vice-President A person shall be qualified for election to the office of the President if - a he is a citizen of Nigeria by birth; b he has attained the age of forty years; c he is a member of a political party and is sponsored by that political party; and d he has been educated up to at least School Certificate level or its equivalent.

The constitution, therefore, made provision for the creation of regional House of Assemblies, where native authorities were to nominate members of the Legislative Council. Hot News: Also notable in the constitution is the increase of Senate membership from fourty four 44 to fifty six 56 members.