Fitness Cartoon Drawing Books Pdf


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To date, Brian has published seven annual “best of” cartoon books featuring the best cartoons grown up (and are still growing up) with a passion for drawing cartoons. Acrobat. To view and print a PDF file you first need to download and. master, for in all the world there is no one more capable of illustrating a book on " How to Draw Funny Pictures." Page 7. *. ***. A Sketch of the Author by ZIM. Please draw all of the cartoon characters shown below. Add colour where possible to enhance the drawing. After each drawing is complete please e-mail.

Cartoon Drawing Books Pdf

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the basics of film animation. The book ends to draw cartoons, or if you've ever with a section of questions and answers for dreamed of being a cartoonist, then. Title: Draw cartoon, Author: Maximiliano Alegre, Length: 15 in North America by NORTH LIGHT BOOKS, an imprint of F&W Publications, Inc. We introduce a novel example-based framework for reusing traditional cartoon drawings and animations. In contrast to previous approaches our aim is to design .

Once again, we find that the Eye Line the red line is particularly useful as a guideline for drawing the head in different positions. When the head tilts down, the features are shifted lower. THE EYES Many beginners work hard to capture the basic shape of the eyeball a circle, for example , but overlook the rest of its components.

I want you to think about four aspects of the eye: Look at the sampling of eye positions above. Notice how kooky the eyes look simply by adding an up or down angle. Both are funny. Little touches like these are important.

Probably not, but why take the chance? I do, partly because, well, what else am I going to do? I hate the theater and being outside in nature. Thinking about noses is the highlight of my day. Boy, I need a vacation. You can create a practically unlimited variety of nose types by adjusting the length and width. In fact, if you were to count all the grains of sand on a beach, you might even still have more cartoon nose types. My point is that you should not restrict yourself to drawing a quasi-realistic nose.

Cartoon noses can be round, pointy, droopy, upturned, bent, sloping, etc. While the eyes are great conveyers of expression, the nose is often used to reflect personality type. For example, a haughty woman may have flared nostrils, while a sinister character will have a sharp nose. Notice how cartoonists simplify the look of the nose to create stylish variations. The nose can be drawn vertically, diagonally, or horizontally. It can originate from a point between the eyes or extend directly from the forehead to create a single, long line.

The nose is a bellwether for the character: This approach is effective for simple characters. For example, we can make it a straight line, or a line that becomes jagged at the cheekbone, or a line with a protrusion at the brow of the forehead. They are as follows: Top of the head Back of the head Line of the back of the head which extends from the neck to the ear Line of the jaw the line connecting the angle of the jaw, below the ear, to the chin Chin Cheekbone Forehead brow.

The egg shape can start out the same for males and females. From there, we begin to make adjustments in order to individualize the character. Start with the foundation shape egg. Flatten the top of the head for a severe look, but add size to the back. Give a sharp look to the brows, cheeks, or chin to create a severe look or make a character appear to be rich, haughty, or evil. Maybe I just made it up.

Notice how the breezy haircut on this fashionable lady gives her a chic, carefree appearance. Her hair sets the tone. This type of cut is popular for fashionable cartoon characters. The pointed tips give it a retro look. To make it easier, first sketch a loose, rough diagram of a head, using straight lines to indicate the different planes of the face. Invent a cartoon teenager who is wearing trainers.

Draw a high-heeled shoe from the front then from the side. A most useful aid to figure drawing is a little manikin called a lay figure. These are made of wood. They have jointed limbs which allow them to be moved into any normal position common to us humans. The one I use has a small nose modelling clay added on, plus drawn-in eyes and mouth.

It is a very useful teaching aid quite apart from helping me to knock out cartoons. If you are unable to get about or have no relatives or friends to pose or you are in a hurry to get things done like me a lay figure could be the answer to your problem. Lay figures can be purchased for a few pounds. If you want one shop around for it. Some art stores charge quite a lot for them but there are bargain shops which stock less expensive ones. How to use a lay figure Figure 40 will show you what my lay figure looks like.

It is 32 cm high. There are lay figures which are either larger or smaller than this. You have a choice. Dont go in for a life-sized one. It might trigger nightmares for you!

See how the lay figure has been used to give me a good idea of what a human figure fixed in this pose would look like. The cartoon drawing alongside illustrates just how helpful lay figures can be. The cartoon man was first lightly drawn as a lay figure which was then developed into the finished ink cartoon character.

Lightly draw in pencil your idea of a cartoon man then ink it in when you are satisfied with your rough. Feel free to change the cartoon figure to whatever you want. Male or female. Why not both? Figure 41 shows my lay figure frozen in a running pose. Note the adjoining cartoon. Draw your version. Dont forget the word balloon.

Do the same exercise with figure Figure 43 sets a pose for you to make up a cartoon from. Lay figures are very much better to draw from than photographs or from memory.

Raid the housekeeping jar and buy one! Stick with it If you are on a tight budget and cannot afford a lay figure do not worry.

Other books: HOW TO DRAW PDF

There is another way to help yourself. Use stick figures to form the basic structure of your cartoon figures. First think about the position you want your cartoon character to be in.


Then draw it as a simple stick figure to depict the position you require. Then you carefully pad out the stick into a cartoon form. Figure 44 will show you how this is done. Try this one for practice. Figure 45 of a tubby cartoon chap was first drawn as a stick figure. It was then bloated out to what was needed. Draw your version of this sketch. Put in a word balloon. Who is this guy? What is he talking about?

Im sure that you can come up with a sparkling one-liner. To get the hang of drawing figures think about what is involved in the movement of a human. Use yourself as a model. Of course, if you have a lay figure you have a little slave who will do as you want. Isnt that a happy thought? Ive been looking around for years for one which would do all the housework, cooking and so forth! Figure 46 depicts a man walking. Note the body action. Use a lay or stick figure to draw your little chap strutting his stuff.

Draw from a lay or stick figure a lady kneeling down. Using a stick figure draw a cartoon man climbing a ladder. From my drawings sketch a lay figure jumping up and down. The top lurkers are undercover police, private detectives, professional master criminals and some cartoonists.

How to lurk Successful lurking requires acting ability. You need to be furtive without looking as if you are. You must get this bit right otherwise you could well feel some old ladys walking stick across your shoulders as she shrieks PERVERT with the power of a fog horn.

This wouldnt be nice but might provide a good gag after you have escaped the hostile crowd who would quickly gather. The trick is to appear to be doing something quite different from your undercover cartooning of various victims.

You could, for instance, sit in your car and appear to be totally bewildered by something whilst you craftily jot down the passers-by who will most certainly ignore you. If you happen to be on foot, a safe bet is to pretend to scan the sky for a possible sudden change in the weather, UFO or unseen highflying bird. When everyone is looking up you glance down and deftly pencil a few rough cartoons.

My favourite ploy is to sit either inside or outside a cafe, enjoy a drink and gaze about like a short sighted person or one who is quite dotty, blighted with a nervous twitch with a tendency to go cross-eyed from time to time. You then become embarrassing to look at. This never fails. People do not come near you. They never notice the sketch pad on your knee or hidden amongst the plates of cake. Drawing from the inside of a car works very well. People cant see what you are doing when you look down at your sketch.

Figure 48 is a cartoon which was produced this way. Figure 49 showing two ladies having a chat was another one. Study the help lines then sketch your versions of these two cartoons.

You will soon get the hang of doing this with practice and it will provide you with dozens of cartoon figures. I watched a live TV golf programme. My eye was caught by spectators in the background.

You can see these in figures 50 and Note the long shorts, shapeless shirts and golf caps. See what you can come up with. Like millions of other folk I watch football matches. It seems to me that far too many professional footballers are unsporting. Some play act being badly hurt, in order to get their opponent sent off plus a free kick. I caught one of these jokers on my sketch pad. Have a look at figure A so-called pop singer held my attention for a few minutes on one TV show. My cartoon version of her appears in figure Notice how eyes have been drawn.

The mouth was exaggerated. Try drawing another girl singer this way. Newspapers can help you If you are housebound or pushed for time, try using your newspaper for creating cartoon characters. Figures 54 and 55 are my examples of doing this. Notice that the chap in figure 54 is life-like whilst the fellow in figure 55 has been exaggerated a lot.

Its up to you how you draw the characters you want. Drawing cartoons from different publications is a good way quickly to churn out an army of varied characters. You can sketch figures as you watch TV , carry on talking to friends or as you simply relax.

Give it a try after drawing your versions of figures 54 and The soap-box orator, figure 56, requires a word balloon. A small job for you, mate. Lurk in your supermarket A supermarket is a great place for a cartoonist to lurk about in.

Its easy to hide away somewhere when there is so much activity going on and with people being occupied with their shopping.

The lady featured in figure 57 represents a species almost always seen out shopping. She is large, cheerful and delighted to be let loose in a supermarket.

Note how the tight curls have been drawn by using a controlled scribble. Draw a pencil rough of this figure then ink it in. Both of my victims used for figure 58 were spotted in a supermarket. The old lady was rushing about at high speed. I wondered how she would be on roller blades.

The stout gentleman was looking for something. He reminded me of a darts player so I drew him as such. These two examples make the point of using imagination to create cartoon characters from ordinary victims. The help lines for these cartoons are like most of my first pencil roughs.

Try to get into the habit of drawing often. Then you will soon become quick and competent. See how fast you can sketch your versions of my characters.

Resources – Videos – Tutorials – Characters – Comics

Draw a male and female cartoon figure from life. Lurk in a supermarket to draw unsuspecting victims. From TV sketch two original cartoon figures. The differences are small. Kids have larger heads, smaller bodies and dress like children. The quickest way of learning how to draw them is to observe carefully, then draw fast pencil roughs.

Youngsters tend to move about a lot smarter than us adults. Do not lurk about school gates in order to watch and sketch children or you could be in big trouble. Try to observe your friends or relatives children. In any event there are always plenty of kids around during school holidays so finding victims is no real problem. Capture moods After drawing examples in previous chapters you should be aware of the facial features which denote moods.

But just to refresh your brain I will go over the three most important features to concentrate on. The mouth line, eyebrows and eyes can all point to the mood of a person. Study figure In this illustration you will see how the faces of a boy and girl have been used to reflect different moods. Look at the top line. The first cartoon shows a surprised expression. Mouth is oshaped, eyebrows are arched with the pupils centred in a round circle.

The middle sketch is of a happy face. Mouth line curves slightly upwards, eyebrows are arched and eyes look normal. The top right face expresses a big laugh or great joy. Smiling, open mouth, eyes shut, eyebrows raised. Now move down to the second row. The face on the left depicts anger or a lot of irritation.

Mouth arches down as do the eyebrows. By drawing the top eyelids angled down the mood is further reinforced. The middle expression is one of neutrality. Here the cartoon character looks as if he does not quite know whats going on.

The mouth is straight, eyebrows slightly arched with eyes rather wide. The right hand face shows an up and down mouth line, startled eyes and arched eyebrows. What can this mood be? What if this little lad was feeling completely baffled? This might suggest just that. The girl, left, third row down, appears to be rather doubtful about something. Notice that she is looking out of the corner of her eyes.

Her mouth is just slightly down. No eyebrows are visible. The middle expression reveals a little worried look. Mouth down, eyes upwards and looking right. The end drawing shows a big smile along with screwed up eyes. She might look like this if she is very pleased or if she is gloating a bit.

Move to the bottom row of faces. The girls face on the left depicts dismay or irritation. The middle face reveals happiness coupled with a laugh. The right hand face shows pleasure. There are, of course, a hundred other expressions, some obvious but many are very subtle. Only through practice will you be able to jot down exactly which mood, feeling or emotion your cartoon character has.

To begin with simply use obvious moods such as those illustrated in figure Copy the moods drawn but try to install them in cartoon faces which you have invented. Watch the little perishers It is a good idea to take time to watch children.

See how they react to each other.

Drawing Comics the Marvel Way

Ask yourself what they are up to. Wonder what they are thinking, feeling, expressing or appearing to do. Figure 61 is my cartoon drawing of two youngsters who are trying to scare each other but also appear to worry about themselves should their bluff topple over into a bit of a fight. Use a lay figure, or the help lines, to draw these two lads actually trying to thump each other whilst worrying about getting hurt.

Use thought balloons if necessary. A small toddler escaping from his mother prompted the cartoon drawing for figure I simply had the tiny tot speaking to another kid who gives him moral support. Notice how the expressions have been drawn. Draw your version of two small children in a similar scene. Keep your ears open When we get older we mix with adults and tend not to listen too much to children.

But as a cartoonist, you should make an effort to record mentally what children say. Listen to different age groups communicating with each other. It might be a mind opener for you! Figure 63 illustrates typical banter between a boy and girl. The battle of the sexes starts early nowadays! Use a lay figure or the help lines to create your own version of this picture.

Think out different words and thoughts which suggest an early impending battle. When you have done this look at figures 64, 65 and 66 to repeat the exercise. Action kids As mentioned previously kids are more active than most adults.

Lets hope that sport comes to play a bigger part in school timetables without which we wouldnt have future sporting heroes in the multi-million pound earning bracket. Figures 67, 68, 69 and 70 depict children setting about different sporting activities. Notice how the action has been frozen.

Learn to use action lines, expressions and exaggeration of some movements. Draw your versions of all these cartoons but create your own little people. Then take a break.

Have a glass of plonk, mug of tea or a wander round the shopping centre. Draw a boy and girl who actually like each other. Use word or thought balloons. Draw a cartoon showing a little kid looking petrified. Make a funny sketch of two kids playing a sport not illustrated in this chapter. How have you got on with birds up to now, the feathered sort? You feed them now and again? Bird watching could help you to become a good animal cartoonist. You may even earn money with this skill.

In any event its good clean fun. Cartooning birds requires the same drawing abilities needed for sketching human animals. You have to learn how a bird is put together.

This is not hard as most birds have roughly the same bits and pieces. If you think of a birds head as being round or oval and the body the same you will be on the right track for all birds. Human-like birds You have a lot of freedom when you cartoon animals. You can give them human strengths and weaknesses, have them talk, think or even wear clothes.

Figure 72 is based very loosely on a thrush. You may have seen these birds stalking your lawn for worms. Notice how much I have exaggerated this bird. See how the rough sketch shows a circle for the head transposed on to an oval for the body.

This is a good system with which to start all bird drawings. Note how wings, wing feathers and tail have been sketched. The gliding rook, fig 73, is again exaggerated from the real thing. See how I have left white lines to depict wing feathers. Draw your versions of these two funny birds. Think out different word and thought balloons for your creations. When you are out in the countryside or in a large park make a note of the birds which you see.

It wont be wasted effort. In fact, like me, you could become interested in the subject and learn a great deal about birds. Figure 74 shows a coot, top sketch, and a young sparrow below this. The coot shape is easy to draw, then block in with a brush and black drawing ink. Try drawing a coot then think out a witty thought balloon for it. These birds are usually nervous of humans but can fight fiercely with each other. The young sparrow depicted is in a common position for young birds.

Its calling for food. You might have seen such youngsters looking pathetic, fluttering their little wings whilst persuading their parents to bring food to their ever-open beaks. Draw your own little bird but use a different word balloon. Owls are popular. See figure 75 for my cartoon version of a young tawny owl which is our commonest owl.

Notice the ruff round the small, round face. The large eyes, small beak, dark marks on the chest. Imagine a much older owl sitting on a branch whilst thinking some profound thoughts.

Now draw your invention. Notice how birds fly. Some soar around on hot air thermals, others battle slowly into head winds, small finches hurtle about in a series of fast swoops. You can use their flying patterns in your sketches. Figure 76 illustrates a bird flapping upwards and another hovering. Notice the use of action lines to suggest movement. See how large, round eyes are effective when popped into bird cartoon faces.

See how you make out with these examples. Use more humour It makes for good cartoons if you can add in additional humour to a funny-to-look-at drawing. See figure 77 for a good example. This cartoon was produced by my mate Pat who was once my student. She has a flare for cartoons. I like the vulture, called Vernon, which she came up with. Notice the long, bare neck, ruff of feathers at the base, hooked beak and glasses. Vultures rely on superb vision when searching for food.

See if you can think out then draw a similar bird but with a different gag. The parrot in figure 78 is another little gem drawn by Pat. The joke was a joint effort. Pat created the cartoon then I supplied the idea: a parrot learning how to speak correctly. See if you can come up with a similar joke. You can draw life-like birds If you already know your birds you can make life-like cartoons of them. After studying green woodpeckers then drawing and painting them I used one for the cartoon in figure This pretty little bird is most interesting.

Why doesnt it suffer brain damage when it hammers its beak into hard bark? Because its brain is encased in fluid which absorbs the tremendous shock. How does it get insects and grubs from deep inside a tree? It has a very long, sticky tongue which is kept curled round the inside of its skull until it is used.

It also has strong stems in the tail feathers which act as a prop when it clings to a tree. Isnt that clever? Knowing this stuff made it easy to think out a relevant gag. See if you can do the same with a drawing of a green woodpecker or another bird which you know a little about.

Make a cartoon of a heron. Draw a city pigeon as a funny cartoon. Robins are very much loved. Cartoon one.

Any creature can be drawn as a cartoon if, of course, you first observe one carefully. After a little practice and much research you should be able to sketch most animals pretty quickly. Easy shapes to start with If you are new to drawing animals, try to begin with creatures which have an easy shape to draw. Figure 81 illustrates two fish. The body shapes are similar, the only real difference is in the mouths. This idea came to me after hearing about an angler who used chocolate as a bait.

See if you can think out another gag line for your version of this cartoon. Sheep are quite easy to sketch. See my rough drawing at the top of figure Notice the oval-shaped body mass and series of small ovals used for head, ears and lower jaw. The hard bit for you might be the legs, so pay extra attention to them. Once you have drawn them a few times you will find that the structure of these limbs will stick in your mind.

Send a mental picture of the animal or cartoon to your personal computer. You can then draw from memory any old time.

This applies to all drawings. The crab, lower sketch in figure 82, is another example of building up a cartoon from ovals.

Draw cartoons of these animals, then see if you can come up with a funny line for a word or thought balloon. Popular pets Cats have become the number one pet in the U. The best way to learn how to draw a cat is to watch one. Look carefully at ears, eyes, nose and skull shape. Once you can put these down, more or less accurately, from then on you should be able to draw a moggie from memory.

Look at figure This cartoon is fairly life-like. I find that tatty alley cats prompt the most cartoon ideas for me. Draw a page of cats to prove what was previously mentioned about sending pictures to your computer for future use.

The cat featured in figure 84 has been exaggerated a little more than the moggie in figure It has human-like limbs. It stands on two legs. The lower half of the face has been drawn bigger and more rounded than it actually is.

You can dress your cat in clothes if you like. This type of cartoon is loved by children. You must have seen the many cartoon cats made famous by years of use in daily newspapers and TV cartoon shows. If you can invent a really new addition, a fortune awaits you.

For the time being try out your skill on figures 83 and Dogs follow cats in the popularity scale. I tend to draw life-like dogs as cartoons, but you can make yours totally comic if you want to. See figure 85 for my version of a basset hound. These animals seem to look worried or unhappy but they are not really. This point is made in the word balloon used.

Try your skill on this dog or one you know or may have as a pet. The cartoon dog in figure 86 is again one which can stand on two legs. Another childrens type cartoon invention. Notice how the rough sketch is made up of circles to produce a head, face and body. Draw your own cartoon dog based on my drawing. Children love rabbits too.

See figure 87 for my example. The bulldog below is rather sadlooking. This is life-like with just the eyes, frown lines and mouth exaggerated.

What do you reckon these two animals are saying or thinking? Exercise your imagination on your drawings of them, then pop in suitable balloons. Feature all creatures Try your cartooning skills on all animals. The problems are the same for most sketches. First build a good rough, then ink in the finished design.

Study the horse in figure The body is a rough oval, the legs are rather straight with flat-iron-like feet. The face is life-like but put this down to my particular style. Dont be afraid to express your own thing. You could easily come up with a funnier cartoon. Draw it now.

A kangaroo is quite comical to look at so it does not require much to draw one as a cartoon. See mine in figure A kangaroo using its pouch for something other than raising youngsters is not an original idea, but a witty thought balloon could give an old gag a new twist.

See if you can think of one after you have drawn your cartoon kangaroo. A camel is a natural cartoon. Since one wretched specimen in France tried to bite my arm off, I am not over-fond of these smelly, evil-tempered creatures. Nevertheless they do make good cartoons.

Figure 90 shows my idea. See if you can better this one. My lion drawing in figure 91 resembles a real one apart from the huge eyes put in. Exaggerating the eyes is a sure way of making an animal sketch more cartoon-like. See how the rough sketch has been prepared, then have a go yourself.

You must have seen the famous TV commercial chimpanzees swilling back cups of tea. This popular series gave the idea for my cartoon in figure It occurred to me that the poor things might prefer a pint of strong beer for a change. Draw a cartoon chimp then think out a funny word or thought balloon to go with it.

Draw a cartoon of your favourite pet. Put a witty caption in it. Cartoon an elephant. Invent cartoon and thought balloons for two different animals confronting each other. As we all know, pretty girls are used to sell all kinds of goods. The same is true of cartoons. A fetching pin up could make a lot of loot for you. You are about to learn how to draw scantily clad girls. I know this might be a bit of a strain for you, lad, but force yourself!

Use photographs When you begin to draw pin ups it will help you to use a lay figure or good photographs as a basis. This model was featured in a glossy magazine. I retained her haughty look but exaggerated the length of her legs. I liked the smooth flowing lines provided by the long dress. A classy look can still be cartooned and yet be pretty life-like. Draw a cartoon based on my sketch but change the face if you want to. The model in figure 95 is another example of what can be done from a glossy picture.

This young lady only needed a cartoon type face added on to a life-like body. This sort of drawing can be used to advertise different products.

Notice clothes styles for your models. Try your skill on a similar drawing. Figure 96 was drawn after I saw a newspaper picture of a Beauty Queen contestant. Legs were lengthened, waist narrowed, hips and bust size increased along with eyes. This shouldnt be too hard for you. Invent your pin ups You can easily invent a pin up type for your cartoons.

All you need is practice, plus the knowledge, listed above, of which features to exaggerate. Now see figure Mentally work out which features have been worked on. Note the tarty-looking clothes, large bosom, long legs, short skirt, fish-net stockings. This kind of pin up is useful for popping in pocket cartoons. There will be more about this sort of cartoon in a later chapter. Draw a girl as in figure 97 then include a word balloon. What could she be saying or thinking? Its up to you, chum.

The idea for the pin up in figure 98 came to me after seeing a very old movie which included a scene about wannabe Beauty Queens. I quite like the cartoon face created for this one. See if you can invent a similar pin up. Put in a witty or telling thought balloon. Holiday pin ups Holidays provide opportunities for sketching pin ups. There are many pretty girls around who wear very little on sunny days. You need to be careful when lurking about beaches, however.

If you creep about looking too seedy you could end up with a slapped face. My ploy is to sit somewhere quiet then simply gaze about as I commit to memory some of the swim suits being worn by girls.

The pin up is often later sketched out then dressed after reference to my notes. Figures 99 and are examples of holiday pin ups. Have a careful look then draw your versions with thought or word balloons. Figure is based on a sleeping beauty. It is life-like with just the head exaggerated. Sleeping pin ups, of course, are excellent models. See if you can draw a similar one. Figure has the usual features exaggerated. Re-draw her then add in what she is thinking.

There are many seaside resorts at home and abroad which now have a sprinkling of topless young ladies. I have cartooned an example for you to practise on in figure Mine is lifelike; you could make yours much more exaggerated. Notice undies In your efforts to draw pin ups try to force yourself to notice fancy underwear used by some glamour girls.

It might be safer not to check up on live models. Use photographs, mail order catalogues or furtive research in shop windows. Figure should give you some idea of what is required. See if you can draw a different pin up who is wearing something different from the one illustrated.

It could be that you have a partner or friend who would be willing to pose for you in your quest to produce a unique pin up. If you are not so lucky do not despair you can still get there through practice and the use of photographs. Draw a pin up from a newspaper picture. Invent a pin up from a glossy magazine photograph. Draw your own dream pin up.

This could be fun for you. To a beginner this seems, at first, an impossible task but there is a right way of going about it. In this chapter I will explain what has worked for me and suggest themes which always provide cartoon ideas. How to sell your work will be explained at the end of this book in Chapter Straight from life is best For me the very best cartoon gags have come straight from life.

The raw material for most cartoons is, of course, people, the things they say and do. By using your eyes and ears you can soon begin to experience the funny side of life from a cartoonists point of view. An example of this happened to me many years ago when I had just walked past a garage.

A motorist drove out onto the road. A front wheel then came off his car. Poor chap. But how funny! My cartoon of this incident was exaggerated. It was published in a weekly national newspaper. Notice the use of action lines. The background is simply drawn using a few lines. During the time I took part in rambles with a large, well organised Ramblers Club there were many funny sights and sayings to feed my cartoon mind.

One incident happened when our group came across a huge tree trunk which had been felled across our Right of Way path. Our leader jumped on the trunk, glared at us and roared: Which one of you did this? The good man had a sense of humour. My cartoon showed a similar scene with the same words. The only difference was a little fellow in the foreground who smiled and held a Swiss Army Penknife behind his back. This cartoon eventually appeared in my first book along with many other rambler jokes.

On another occasion I led a walk and for fun decided to pretend that I couldnt read a map. I pointed to a thin blue line running down the map. We walk along this track, I told my group.

All ramblers know that a stream or river is indicated by a blue line. I later drew this out as a cartoon which was published. Each of these true incidents which happened along the way made useful cartoons.

Be prepared When you get into the swing of thinking out cartoon jokes you should find that ideas beget ideas. Sometimes you may wonder where they all come from. This, of course, is great when it happens. Nothing is worse than forgetting good gags because you havent written them down. Believe me, if you dont do this the idea will escape for ever. Always carry a small note pad and a pencil with you.

Keep one by your bedside to capture the jokes which flick through your mind when you should be asleep. A word of warning about taking idea finding too seriously. Do not worry if at times ideas seem hard to come by. Its a sad fact that one of the side-effects of constantly producing humour, often under pressure, is to become manic-depressive. This condition has affected many comics, caricaturists and cartoonists. Use your emotions for laughs You can often come up with a good cartoon simply by exaggerating something which annoys or worries you.

When, for example, I see what London Art Establishments put on show as modern art I feel outraged as do thousands of other normal people. Our feelings, however, are ignored. The weird selectors of new art continue to insult our intelligence. Some of the national newspapers, by the way, endorse my thoughts on displaying awful rubbish as art. My anger was turned into humour by thinking out then drawing the cartoon in figure This cartoon says it all for me.

Its much healthier to turn rage into laughter isnt it?

After drawing this cartoon I had another idea based on the same theme. You can see this one in figure Try copying these two cartoons but slightly change your version. Have you ever been annoyed by someone who was very boring? Yes, of course you have. Now think about turning the experience into a funny gag.

A cartoon based on a true life incident prompted the idea shown in figure The same idea was used in a different way for my cartoon depicted in figure Boring people never realise that they are boring! The sex war for jokes Strife between partners is a common theme used by cartoonists.

Theres the hen-pecked husband or put upon wife with many variations to provide dozens of cartoon ideas. The knowledge that some men are lazy is often used by cartoonists. See my gag on this theme in figure Now then, put on your thinking hat and come up with an idea about a lazy wife. Most cartoons about couples can be switched around. Bring on animals After finding that gorillas are quite difficult to draw from memory I visited a zoo to practise sketching these wonderful animals.

At the same time I tried to think out cartoons which included a gorilla. Some boxers, it seemed to me, are a bit gorilla-like so I came up with the idea expressed in figure See how the gorilla has been drawn. It had to be like the real thing rather than like a human who resembled it. Using the same theme I then drew another cartoon showing a gorilla as a goalkeeper.

Once more notice how background and other figures have been drawn. Cartoons about dogs, cats, parrots and other familiar animals are popular with editors and readers. You can give your cartoon animals human traits, feelings and reactions. You can have them speak or think so there is a lot of freedom when thinking out animal jokes.

Laughs from sports Sporting activities provide many cartoons ideas and, of course, appeal to those who take part in a sport. Study newspapers and magazines to find out the sort of jokes used by different editors. A typical boxing gag is used for figure Im sure that you can come up with a similar if not better idea on the same theme. Golf is my hobby. There are often funny incidents which some witty players comment on. Like when I took more than two strokes to get my ball out of a bunker.

People can be cruel! Figure illustrates a similar happening. New from old Years ago during my spell as a freelance cartoonist I met or spoke to several professional cartoonists.

We mostly went along the same way when it came to thinking out fresh gags. One system used was called swipe switching. This meant that we swiped each others ideas but expressed them differently.

Ideas are not copyright.

Drawings are, however, so we dont copy another artists drawing, but we can use the idea in a different way. I recently saw a cartoon which featured a newly married couple sitting in the back of a car.

The groom was depicted using the brides dress to polish his shoes.The pointed tips give it a retro look. To keep your style simple remember to leave out as many lines as you can. See figure 77 for a good example. Draw your own dream pin up. Note the tarty-looking clothes, large bosom, long legs, short skirt, fish-net stockings. Do you know someone like this to work on? And now, it is the best recommendation that I can give to any nerds out there who are interested in amping up their skills and learn to draw the right way.

I deliberately turned glamour girls into cartoons for figure Both are funny.