KITAB RIYADH BADIAH PDF
Ar-Riyadul badiah: ushuluddin wa ba'dli furu'us syari'ah / Muhammad Hasbullah. Code: HAS r Download as PDF · Download Ar-Riyadul badiah. PDF | A research project on the Indonesian ulama gave me the opportunity to visit ('buku') and those in Arabic script, irrespective of the language ('kitab'). The Riyadlul Badiah is one of the texts introduced to Indonesian Muslims by Nawawi As its title, Al-riyad al-badi`a fi usul al-din wa ba`d furu` al-shari`a, indicates. I. The Book of Miscellany. Chapter 1. Sincerity and Significance of Intentions and all Actions, Apparent and Hidden. Allah, the Exalted, says: "And they were.
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Qawaìd wa-al-usul al-jamiàh wa-al-furuq wa-al-taqasim al-badiàh al-nafiàh PDF Download. التفاصيل. العنوان: Qawaìd wa-al-usul al-jamiàh wa-al-furuq. The former used to study religion exclusively through kitab kuning (called Widely available, too, is another fundamental manual of logic, Isaghuji, by Athir al -Din .. The Riyadlul Badiah is one of the texts introduced to Indonesian Muslims by As its title, Al-riyad al-badi`a fi usul al-din wa ba`d furu` al-shari`a, indicates, . pdf. Kitab kuning: books in Arabic script used in the pesantren milieu The Riyadlul Badiah is one of the texts that are little known elsewhere which were As its title, Ar-riyad al-badica fi usül ad-dïn wa bacdfurüc ash-sharTa, indicates.
Kajian kitab Durusul Muhimmah Li 'ammatil Ummah Kitab Jurumiyah Chart Diagram. Anda dapat membaca kitab-kitab kuning dari berbagai disipilin ilmu seperti Quran, hadits, Daftar Kitab Kuning Klasik gundul yang dapat dibaca secara online via internet atau download dalam format doc atau pdf.
Generasi muda mesti berkemamapuan memahami dan menganalisa sejarah yang berlaku secara holistik untukKitab Kuning: Muhimmah ; Kitab ini menceritakan adab isteri terhadap suami. Jika dibuat maka terpuji si isteri dan jika ditinggal maka tercelalah dia. Dan ianya banyak membicarakan tentang kelebihan dan kepujian terhadap perbuatan seorang isteri yang telah menunaikan tanggungjawabnya terhadap suaminya dan juga memberi peringatan yang sebaliknya apabila mereka derhaka.
Terjemahan Kitab Islami dlm Bhs. Parents II. Ties of Kinship III. Mawlas IV. Nawaf al-Jarrah Islam Kitab Allah, maka hukumilah dengan apa yang pernah dihukumi oleh Pemikirannya tentang Ide dan Sejarah. Islam, and Shi'ism ; Editor's note: In all Islamic languages whenever the name of one of the prophets, Kitab Kuning Seuntai mutiara nan maha luhur, sehatkan hati Priest, published 'a manual on moral theology with an appendix devoted Nasa'ih al-Muhimmah li'l-Muluk wa'l-A'immah by Ulwan b.
Ali b. Situs kebanggaan para thalibul ilmi.
Antara ciri-ciri unik dalam tafsir ini ialah dari segi gaya penulisannya yang indah, ini menampakkan Sayyid Qutb lebih cemerlang daripada para mufassirin lampau dan penulisan kitab-kitab hadith.
Antara ciri-ciri unik dalam tafsir ini ialah dari segi gaya penulisannya yang indah, ini menampakkan Sayyid Quthb lebih cemerlang daripada para mufassirin lampau dan penulisan kitab- kitab hadith. Semua ini menunda pencatatan keterangan mengenai kehidupan awal Islam.
Van den Berg compiled a list of the major textbooks studied in the pesantren of his day on the basis of inter- views with kyai.
He mentioned fifty titles and gave some general infor- mation on each, providing short summaries of the more important ones.
Most of these books are still reprinted and used in Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia today, but many other works have come into use alongside them. The present collection includes around nine hundred different titles, most of which are used as textbooks. I shall first make some general observations on these books, and on the composition of the collection.
In the second part of this article I shall discuss a list of 'most popular kitab' that I compiled from other sources. All of the books listed there form part of the collection, however.
Drewes, J. Noorduyn and Karel Steenbrink, while numerous others helped me with pieces of information. These persons are not, of course, to be blamed for any mistakes or shortcomings, for which I bear the sole responsibility. Specialized in Indonesian Islam and the social history of the Kurds, he obtained his doctorate from the State University at Utrecht. He has previously published Agha, Shaikh and State: On the Social and Political Organization of Kurdistan and is currently working on a book on the Naqshbandiyya mystical order in Southeast Asia.
Books in Arabic Script used in the Pesantren Milieu Criteria of selection and representativeness In order to be able to judge how representative this collection is, a few words about my method of collecting will be necessary.
The latter two criteria may at first sight seem rather arbitrary, but I found them to be sociologically signifi- cant, as well as the most convenient ones. It is true, most toko kitab also sell limited numbers of Arabic books printed in Egypt and Lebanon an agent representing the Lebanese publishing house Dar al-Fikr has special shops for the sale of these books in Jakarta and Surabaya , but because of the price difference between these books and Southeast Asian editions they are bought by only a relatively small minority.
They include reference works for theladvanced scholar and works by modern authors which have not yet been accepted by the mainstream of Indonesian Islam. Any book for which there is a sizeable demand will sooner or later be re printed by one of the regional publishers.
Up until the 's a well-defined line divided the Muslim community into 'traditionalists' and 'modernists' with as their major socio-religious organizations the Nahdlatul Ulama and the Muhamma- diyah respectively. The former used to study religion exclusively through kitab kuning called kuning, 'yellow', after the tinted paper of books brought from the Middle East in the early twentieth century , while the latter read and wrote bukuputih, 'white' books in Romanized Indonesian.
This may have contributed to the negative attitude towards buku putih that existed in the pesantren milieu for many years - in a few old-fashioned pesantren such books are still prohibited until this day. Traditionalist ulama writing books or bro- chures, whether in Arabic or in one of the vernacular languages, always used the Arabic script, and many of them continue to do so. Nowadays, however, the dividing line between 'modernists' and 'traditionalists' no longer is so sharp and clear, and many of the old antagonisms have worn 3 The said agent of Dar al-Fikr has recently early in started reprinting a few titles in Indonesia as well, under the name Dar al-Fikr lndonesia.
The 'modernists' have generally become less radical in their rejection of tradition - significantly, there are now several Muhammadiyah pesan- tren offering a combination of the traditional curriculum kitab kuning and that of the modern school.
Not only have most 'traditionalist' kyai, on the other hand, become more catholic in their reading, but many of them now write in Indonesian as well as in Arabic, Malay or Javanese. The Arabic script, though still the most unambiguous sign of a traditionalist orien- tation, is no longer a sine qua non for it.
I have not therefore applied the criterion of script too rigidly, and have included in the collection under discussion a number of works in Romanized Indonesian which logically belong to the kitab tradition, being annotated translations of, or commen- taries on, classical texts by 'traditionalist' ulama.
The criterion of Arabic script has on the other hand excluded one category of texts which are otherwise quite similar to those collected. Ulama in South Sulawesi the most prolific of whom are Yunus Maratan and Abdul Rahman Ambo Dalle have written religious texts in Buginese for use in madrasah and schools, employing not, as did earlier generations of scholars, the Arabic but the Buginese alphabet.
Most publishers have very limited storage facilities, and only a fraction of the books published by them are actually available at their sales departments. When a kitab is re printed, almost the entire edition is immediately sent off to toko kitab throughout the country. It is only by visiting many such shops and patiently combing the shelves that one will be able to obtain at least most of the more important works from major publishers.
Virtually all the works mentioned in published sources or in conversations have been acquired for the collection, some even in several editions, in various translations, or with different glosses. But some of the less important works were simply out of print and were sold out in all the shops visited. Furthermore, there are numerous minor local publishers bringing out works of secondary importance, often by local ulama. There are not a few such works in the collection, but it is likely that many others were over- looked.
In spite of these limitations, however, the collection represents a fair cross-section of the study materials used in Indonesian and Malay- sian pesantren and madrasah, as well as of the intellectual output of Indonesian ulama. Statistics Out of some nine hundred different works, almost five hundred, or just over half, were written or translated by Southeast Asian ulama. Many of these Indonesian ulama wrote in Arabic: Those in Indonesian languages were, of course, all written by Southeast Asians including some of Arab descent.
If we treat translations as separate works, the collection can be said to contain: The major categories are: A century ago, the Qur'an and the traditions were rarely studied directly, but mostly in the 'processed' form of scholastic works on jurisprudence and doctrine.
In this respect, a significant change has taken place in the past century.
The number of hadith compi- lations is even more striking. There is almost no pesantren now where hadith is not taught as a separate subject. The main emphasis in instruction remains, ho wever, on fiqh, the Islamic science par excellence. But first some observations will be made on kitab publishing and major authors. The publishing of kitab kuning in the Archipelago Printed books are a relative novelty in the pesantren.
In Van den Berg's time, many of the kitab in pesantren were still in manuscript form, and were copied by the santri in longhand. But it was precisely in this period that printed books from the Middle East began entering Indonesia in significant numbers, as one of the side effects of increased participation in the haj due in turn to the arrival of the steamship.
There had, by that time, been already a century of bookprinting in the Middle East, but of particular relevance for Indonesians was the establishment of a government press in Mecca in , which printed not only books in Arabic but also in Malay.
This latter branch of its activities was placed under the supervision of the learned Ahmad b. Muhammad Zayn al-Patanl 4 , who is himself also the author of several treatises the present collection contains recent reprints of seven of them. In these and other reprints, the imprint of the original publisher has been replaced, but many of the works published by Ahmad b. Zayn are still recogniz- able by the verses that he wrote and printed by way of introductions on the title pages.
Bombay was also the major source of printed lithographed Qur'ans entering Indonesia in the late See Snouck Hurgronje Most of these verses are in Malay, but a few are in Arabic, though here retaining the pedestrian style of the Malay syair. An example is his verse introducing the anonymous Malay translation of Ibn c Ata'illah's Hikam: Books in Arabic Script used in the Pesantren Milieu 19th and early 20th centuries. It was especially Mustafa al-Babl al-Halabl of Cairo who, in the course of time, was to publish many Malay kitab.
Two recent studies by Mohd. Nor bin Ngah , discuss a more or less representative sample of these Malay kitab and of the world view reflected in them. These publishing activities in the Middle East, as well as the example of British and Dutch lithograph presses7, stimulated Islamic publishing efforts in the Archipelago, too.
One of the pioneers there was Sayyid Usman of Batavia, that prolific' Arab ally of the Dutch Indies government', many of whose simple works are still being used at present, primarily among the Betawi and Sundanese.
In , at least four other booklets written by him were mentioned. Many more were to follow. The credit for this should probably be given to Kemas Haji Muhammad Azhari of Palembang, who in made his first lithograph prints of the Qur'an, calligraphed by himself. He had bought a press in Singapore a few years earlier, on his return journey from the haj, and taught himself to operate it. His Qur'ans - to which he had written a page Malay-language introduction on pronunciation and mode of reading - found ready buyers.
In the s and s, there were several presses publishing Malay newspapers and occasionally books, but it remains unclear whether these latter included more than one or two small religious tracts see Roff In , the junior ruler of Riau, Muhammad Yusuf, established a printing press, the Matbacat al- Ahmadiyya, on the island of Penyengat, which in the following years printed several religious treatises by the contemporary Naqshbandi shaykh Muhammad Salih az-ZawawI, the spiritual preceptor of Muhammad Yusuf and his relatives Hamidy These promising beginnings had little follow-up.
Many books and Photomechanical reprints of this Bombay Qur'an are still published in large numbers today by Al-Macarif. Clearly legible with its large letters, its format is still one of the most popular in the Indonesian book market.
Mission- and government-sponsored printing in the Malay language of non-Islamic materials began on a moderate scale, in Singapore as well as the Dutch East Indies, before the middle of the century.
In Singapore the Arabic script was used, and in the Indies initially mostly the Roman alphabet. See Roff On Sayyid Usman, see Snouck Hurgronje b and Twelveof hisnumerous works including the one reviewed in the latter article by Snouck are still available in recent reprints published in Jakarta and Surabaya. Von Dewall The author had it from hearsay that there existed a second native press in Surabaya, but I have not yet been able to verify this.
West Sumatra was probably the only region where a significant number of kitab by local ulama were printed during the first decades of the century. Some of these were simple textbooks, in Malay and Arabic, for the then new madrasah, which were intended to replace the rather difficult classical works on Arabic grammar, doctrine and fiqh.
Several of these books are still widely used. They did write religious textbooks, but these differed consider- ably in style and content from traditional kitab. It was only after Indonesia's independence that kitab began to be printed on any serious scale there.
They ordered virtually all their books - including works in Malay - from Egypt, where production was considerably cheaper than in Indonesia at the time. There was one exception, which however had only local significance: In the first half of this century, Indonesian demand for these books was still low, and the only commercially interesting kitab was the Qur'an itself.
A four-volume fiqh work in Arabic by the latter author, Al-muin al-mubln, was also translated into Malay and is still being used in Malaysia and southern Thailand. Other participants in the polemics published their works in Mecca and Cairo. In the s and s, there were more than 10 different Muslim publishers operating in various towns in West Sumatra Sanusi Latief of Padang, personal communication. Shatta', which is the most recent great compendium of Shafici fiqh, have only been published locally from the s on, reflecting a growing affluence in santri circles.
In the course of the s Toha Putra of Semarang also ventured onto the kitab market. Later still, the publishing house Menara of Kudusjoined in the competition; it was the first non-Arab publisher of this type of literature in Indonesia.
Both Toha Putra and Menara have published numerous classical texts together with Jayanese or Indonesian translations, as well as original works by Javanese ulama. In , a former associate of Al-Macarif established the house of Al-Ha- ramayn in Singapore, which in a matter of only a few years put out a wide range of classical Arabic texts, as well as many Malay and even a few Sundanese works.
Singapore apparently was no longer an advantageous location from which to serve the Southeast Asian kitab market 13 , for Al- Haramayn closed shop after a few years although its books were still to be found all over the Archipelago in , and the owner established a new house, called Bungkul Indah, in Surabaya. As regards number of titles, Al-Haramayn and its successor Bungkul Indah are the largest kitab publishers; where sheer volume of sales is concerned, however, they lag far behind Al-Macarif.
Another new publisher with a wide range of ex- clusively Arabic titles is Dar Ihya' al-Kutub al-cArabiyya in Surabaya. Surabaya boasts the largest number of publishers; the most prominent, besides those already mentioned, are the houses of Sacd bin Nasir bin Nabhan and Ahmad bin Sacd Nabhan; ten other members of the same family also publish kitab.
On Java's north coast we further find publishers besides those mentioned in Semarang Al-Munawwara , Pe- kalongan Raja Murah , Cirebon Misriyya, the old establishment of c Abdallah bin cAfif , and Jakarta Ash-Shaficiyya and At-Tahiriyya, be- longing to the large Betawi pesantren of these names, and putting out text- books used there besides simple books by authors popular with the Betawi community. Indonesia now produces high-quality paper itself, while labour costs and overheads in Singapore are very high.
Not only Al-Haramayn, but also the old house of Sulayman Mart was closed down in the early s. The public here is served by publishers in Java, Singapore and Malaysia. Publishing in Singapore has, as was said above, declined.
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In Malaysia, too, kitab publishing is on the decline in contrast to the publish- ing of modern books, where the country's output compares favourably with that of its ten times more populous southern neighbour. Georgetown on the island of Penang still has three active publishers, of which Dar al- Macarif and Nahdl are the most productive.
One of the other publishers here, Nahdi, has shifted most of its activities to Penang, where the political climate is more favourable to Islamic publishing, and from where books enjoy a wider distribution. Besides those mentioned above, there is a large number of small local publishers putting out religious tracts, brochures and books for strictly local markets.
A high proportion of the books printed by these Southeast Asian publish- ers are photomechanical reprints of works first published in Mecca or Cairo around the turn of the century. Many even still bear the name of the original publisher on the title page. In other cases this name has been replaced by that of the new publisher.
Unrestricted borrowing continues, meanwhile. Some cheap reprints of more recent Egyptian or Lebanese books are distinguishable from the original only by the quality of the paper and the binding - a bibliographer's nightmare. Thus Bungkul Indah has recently brought out a series of modern works with the imprint of Beirut publisher Dar ath-Thaqafa still on both the cover and title page.
The printed editions of these classical works usually have the text that is commented or glossed upon printed in 15 In Kelantan, the commonly used script is the Arabic not the Roman one; it is therefore less easy to distinguish kitab from other books here.
Books in Arabic Script used in the Pesantren Milieu the margin, so that both may be studied together. This has perhaps been the cause of occasional confusions between related texts.
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Many generations of santri have, patiently chanting, committed this entire work to memory, along with a whole range of other texts. A small fraction of the Javanese, Madurese and Sundanese translations simply consists of word-for-word, interlinear translations - written in obliquely, in a finer hand, under each word of the boldface Arabic text, and therefore graphically dubbed jenggotan, 'bearded'.
Malay translations sometimes follow a different pattern: The most common format of the classical kitab for pesantren use is just under quarto 26 cm , and unbound. The quires koras are loose in the cover, so that the santri may take out any single page that he happens to be studying. This is another physical characteristic that seems to have largely symbolic meaning: Kitab by modern authors, translators or commentators are never in this format.
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Many users of classical kitab are strongly attached to it, and the publishers oblige their customers. Some even print kitab on orange-tinted 'kuning7 paper produced especially for them by Indonesian factories because this, too, seems to be more 'classical' in the users' minds. Virtually all kitab mentioned by Van den Berg are still available in Indonesia, in recent reprints. But there has been a noticeable increase in relatively recent commentaries on these works.
A few authors stand out in this connection, in that numerous works by them are widely available and have become generally accepted in the pesantren curriculum. The most influential of them flourished in Mecca in the late 19th century. Ahmad b. Muhammad Shatta' ad-Dim- yatl by four, that are very widely used. Nawawi has written on virtually every aspect of Islamic learning. Most of his works are commentaries on well- known texts, explaining them in simple terms.
He is perhaps best described as a popularizer of, rather than a contributor to, learned discourse. The collection includes six works by him, on fiqh, doctrine and logic. Besides Nawawi, several other southeast Asian authors have acquired a lasting place in the pesantren or madrasah curriculum. They are widely used in Patani, Malaysia and parts of Sumatra.
Sarkis 1 9 2 8 Iists 38 published works by Nawawi. II, p. Yahya al-cAlawi. An important Javanese author of the late 19th century is Saleh Darat Salih b. He wrote commentaries in Javanese on several important works of fiqh, doctrine and tasawwufP K.
Ihsan b. The names of all these authors except Kyai Mahfudz occur in the list of most popular kitab below. Misbah b. In the 19th century,pesantren in Madura and West Java did not use their own regional languages but had Javanese as medium: This, too, has changed, and there are now kitab kuning in Madurese and Sundanese as well. There is a wider range of Sundanese kitab, and more of them are original works rather than simply translations.
Three Sundanese authors stand out in the collection: Anwar various edifying booklets, and the great cdlim and poetcAbdallah b. Besides their books, there are numerous simple booklets in 23 See Danuwijoto Most of Saleh's major works Danuwijoto lists 12 are now out of print and could not be obtained. Mahfudz has the reputation among present-day kyai of having been one of the most learned Javanese ulama ever.
He was the highly respected teacher of several of NU's founding ulama including Hasyim Asy'ari. Little has been written about his life; there are short notes on this in 'Abbas Of the Minangkabau authors, whose polemics at the beginning of this century have drawn some attention Schrieke , almost no works are still found in print. Even the once influential Ahmad Khatib seems hardly to be read any more; only two of his works were found in print, and even these are not generally available.
Two other Minangkabau authors, how- ever, Mahmud Yunus and Abdul Hamid Hakim, have attained the ranks of the top hundred, and are well represented in the collection; Both have written numerous textbooks, in Malay and Arabic, for use in madrasah, and several of these are very widely used, also in pesantren.
The curriculum of the madrasah, especially those owned or subsidized by the state, is more or less standardized, and is not as strongly oriented towards the classics as that of the pesantren. The collection contains a fair number of modern books written for Egyptian madrasah, which are also used in similar Indonesian institutions, besides books especially written by Indonesian authors, in simple Arabic.Beduinennamen aus Zentralarabien, Heidelberg: Even though several striking features of the Dadanitic grammar are known e.
I owe a special thanks to Michael Macdonald for not only commenting on and correcting an earlier version of this paper, but for also kindly giving me access to his photographs and his personal database of the inscriptions of the Tayma survey prior to their publication for my MA thesis. The discovery of terracotta igurines representing animals may be linked with sacriicial activi- ties El-Khoury Weninger, G.
Figure 3: Also, Taymanitic has some features that rule out considering it a form of proto-Arabic despite its early attestation, such as its merging of the sibilant and interdental series; the changing of initial w- to y- and several other innovations that Arabic did not undergo. Corriente, F. Unfortunately the etymology of the name is currently unclear.
Ibn Rushd's Bidayat al-mujtahid, which compares the rulings of the four 'orthodox' and various other madhhab, was again used first by the Minang- kabau kaum muda.