VIGIAR E PUNIR GRATIS PDF
FOUCAULT. Vigiar e Punir - Download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. FOUCAULT. Vigiar e Punir. Colóquio Internacional 40 anos de Vigiar e Punir de Michel Foucault: “A visibilidade é uma PDF programme Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne Colloque. The question of subject in resourceone.info These are free individuals trying to control, self or the other that not only . Vigiar e punir (R. Ramalhete, trad.).
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Methodology of power analysis in Michel Foucault's resourceone.info Rayane Marinho Rosa .. Vigiar e punir, Vozes, Petrópolis, (Discipline & Punish: The. Vigiar E Punir Michel Foucault Download Pdf > resourceone.info Free download or read online Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison pdf (ePUB) book. 15 nov. By submitting your contact information, you consent to receive communication from Prezi containing information on Prezi's products. You can.
About the authors Abstract The aim of this study is to discuss the crosscutting discursive issues among the notions of mental health care, risk and territory in the National Conferences of Mental Health NCMH reports, placing them in the context of safety society. It is a descriptive, exploratory study of qualitative, documentary and retrospective analysis, under the framework relevance, emphasizing the centrality of these concepts for the consolidation of a new mental health care model in Brazil.
As the asylum model went into decline, in the process of the archaeology of knowledge, by Michel Foucault.
From the 2nd to 4th NCMH, it is observed that the glossary on the risk as probability, care and territory, presented progressive of building up a mental health care network territorialized and community-based, the discourses about the risks emerged, being core elements of the safety device.
Care; Mental health; Territory; Safety Society Introduction The Brazilian psychiatric reform movement has challenged us to revise the paradigms that, up to that moment, had been supporting care practices in the field of Psychiatry.
It has introduced the psychosocial care mode, which presupposes a new form of conceptualizing its object of intervention and new configurations concerning institutional organization, composition of multiprofessional teams and relationship with the users of mental health services Costa-Rosa A.
In: Amarante P, organizador. Rio de Janeiro: Fiocruz; The need to propose different forms of tackling issues related to psychological suffering has resulted in the construction of new knowledge and new possibilities of technical and political action, connected with the construction of values and meanings about existing and suffering.
Thus, each scientific field of the health and social sciences has had to invest efforts in order to incorporate the conceptions introduced by the mental health policy Tavares CMM.
Texto Contexto — Enferm. The constitution of a network of mental health care services and the search for theoretical-conceptual and technical-assistance ruptures concerning the presuppositions of the asylum model have enabled the construction of new theoretical and technical instruments to promote changes in the mental health field Yasui S.
This transformation has implied establishing forms to shelter suffering through the creation of diversified care projects and strategies, articulated in network to this territory The issue of the choice of the territory as the locus of mental health care, highlighted, mainly, in the report of the 3rd National Mental Health Conference NMHC , needs to be analyzed, considering that the eminently relational attribute of care presupposes the existence of a place in which it is materialized Thus, this study aims to discuss crosscutting discursive issues among the notions of mental health care, risk and territory in the NMHC text and their repercussions on the current Brazilian mental health policy, situating them in the context of the society of security.
First, we will delimit the methodological course of the study. Finally, we will present our analyses of the NMHC and the related historical documents.
Foucault M. A arqueologia do saber. The documentary field encompassed the final reports of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th NMHC, as these conferences were, during the Brazilian psychiatric reform process, the most important forums for the systematization of the technical and political advances achieved in the mental health field in Brazil, aggregating diverse actors committed to the anti-asylum struggle.
World Health Organization.
A Critical Approach to Equity
Mental Health: new understanding, new hope. Switzerland: WHO; The World Health Report, The documents were examined according to the discursive textual analysis proposed by Moraes et al. Moraes R, Galiazzi MC. The first stage encompasses the process of disassembly of texts or unitarization. It requires examining the texts in their details, fragmenting them in order to identify their constituent units and the respective enunciations referring to the studied phenomena.
The second stage encompasses the process of categorization, which involves building relations among base units, combining them and classifying them, and then placing unitary elements into sets, which result in systems of categories. The two processes described here enabled the emergence of a new understanding of the whole, which we reviewed and validated, resulting in the construction of a meta-text that explains, argumentatively, the new understanding that was achieved In the coding process of the textual corpus, it was possible to develop 21 codes that express different discursivities about care.
The significant frequency with which the discursivities about mental health care emerged in the discursive textual analysis enabled us to consider it an analytical category. To construct the meta-text, we selected relevant textual citations, trying to highlight the identified discursive relations, enriching and amplifying the reach of the analyses.
The locus of care: the transition from institutional care to territorial care The locus of psychiatric practices has always been invested with special importance, an aspect that deserves a more specific analysis Since the 14th century, there have been records concerning the sheltering of the mad in medieval hospitals In the 15th century, the practice of confining the unreasonable in ships was developed, and the ship of fools stood out Fora de cena: a loucura, o obsceno e o senso comum.
In the 17thcentury, internment houses were responsible for the confinement of the deviant; among them, the alienated In the 18th century, the asylum became the locus for the therapeutic isolation of the mad. It was replaced, in the 19th century, by psychiatric hospitals Rio de Janeiro: Graal; The practices of confinement of the mad that were typical of each one of the periods described above are representative of the rationality that was developed, mainly from the 17th century onwards, and was called disciplinary society.
The function of disciplinary institutions like the asylum and the hospitals, was to neutralize dangers by fixing useless or agitated populations; at the same time, they played the role of increasing their usefulness, of fabricating docile and useful individuals The multiplication of these establishments enabled the ramification of disciplinary mechanisms; thus, the role of external surveillance was added to their specific internal functions, creating a margin of lateral controls.
The sovereign's right to punish was so disproportionate that it was ineffective and uncontrolled. Reformists felt the power to punish and judge should become more evenly distributed, the state's power must be a form of public power. This, according to Foucault, was of more concern to reformists than humanitarian arguments.
Out of this movement towards generalized punishment, a thousand "mini-theatres" of punishment would have been created wherein the convicts' bodies would have been put on display in a more ubiquitous, controlled, and effective spectacle. Prisoners would have been forced to do work that reflected their crime, thus repaying society for their infractions.
This would have allowed the public to see the convicts' bodies enacting their punishment, and thus to reflect on the crime. But these experiments lasted less than twenty years.
Foucault argues that this theory of "gentle" punishment represented the first step away from the excessive force of the sovereign, and towards more generalized and controlled means of punishment. But he suggests that the shift towards prison that followed was the result of a new "technology" and ontology for the body being developed in the 18th century, the "technology" of discipline, and the ontology of "man as machine.
He looks at the development of highly refined forms of discipline, of discipline concerned with the smallest and most precise aspects of a person's body.
Discipline, he suggests, developed a new economy and politics for bodies. Modern institutions required that bodies must be individuated according to their tasks, as well as for training, observation, and control. Therefore, he argues, discipline created a whole new form of individuality for bodies, which enabled them to perform their duty within the new forms of economic, political, and military organizations emerging in the modern age and continuing to today.
The individuality that discipline constructs for the bodies it controls has four characteristics, namely it makes individuality which is: Cellular—determining the spatial distribution of the bodies Organic—ensuring that the activities required of the bodies are "natural" for them Genetic—controlling the evolution over time of the activities of the bodies Combinatory—allowing for the combination of the force of many bodies into a single massive force Foucault suggests this individuality can be implemented in systems that are officially egalitarian , but use discipline to construct non-egalitarian power relations: Historically, the process by which the bourgeoisie became in the course of the eighteenth century the politically dominant class was masked by the establishment of an explicit, coded and formally egalitarian juridical framework, made possible by the organization of a parliamentary, representative regime.
But the development and generalization of disciplinary mechanisms constituted the other, dark side of these processes. The general juridical form that guaranteed a system of rights that were egalitarian in principle was supported by these tiny, everyday, physical mechanisms, by all those systems of micro-power that are essentially non-egalitarian and asymmetrical that we call the disciplines.
But, to construct docile bodies the disciplinary institutions must be able to a constantly observe and record the bodies they control and b ensure the internalization of the disciplinary individuality within the bodies being controlled.
That is, discipline must come about without excessive force through careful observation, and molding of the bodies into the correct form through this observation. This requires a particular form of institution, exemplified, Foucault argues, by Jeremy Bentham 's Panopticon. This architectural model, though it was never adopted by architects according to Bentham's exact blueprint, becomes an important conceptualization of power relations for prison reformers of the 19th Century, and its general principle is a recurring theme in modern prison construction.
The Panopticon was the ultimate realization of a modern disciplinary institution. It allowed for constant observation characterized by an "unequal gaze"; the constant possibility of observation. Perhaps the most important feature of the panopticon was that it was specifically designed so that the prisoner could never be sure whether they were being observed at any moment. The unequal gaze caused the internalization of disciplinary individuality, and the docile body required of its inmates.
This means one is less likely to break rules or laws if they believe they are being watched, even if they are not. Thus, prisons, and specifically those that follow the model of the Panopticon, provide the ideal form of modern punishment. Foucault argues that this is why the generalized, "gentle" punishment of public work gangs gave way to the prison.
It was the ideal modernization of punishment, so its eventual dominance was natural.
Having laid out the emergence of the prison as the dominant form of punishment, Foucault devotes the rest of the book to examining its precise form and function in our society, laying bare the reasons for its continued use, and questioning the assumed results of its use. References Agamben G Homo sacer: Sovereign power and bare life.
Ideology and ideological state apparatuses notes towards an investigation. Zizek Ed. New York and London: Verso.
vigiar e punir michel foucault pdf download
In: English LD ed Handbook of international research in mathematics education, 2nd edn. Still separate, still unequal: Democratic access to mathematics in U. English Ed. New York: Routledge.
In: Lester F ed Second handbook of research on mathematics teaching and learning. A Marxist critique of claims for postmodernism and poststructuralism as forces for social change and social justice. Studies in mathematics education.
Falmer, London Google Scholar Ernest P Epistemological issues in the internationalization and globalization of mathematics education. Problematizing research on the achievement gap Journal for Research in Mathematics Education 39 4 — Google Scholar Gutstein E Teaching and learning mathematics for social justice in an urban, Latino school.
Duke University Press, Durham, NC Google Scholar Jurdak M Contrasting perspectives and performance of high school students on problem solving in real world, situated, and school contexts.The issue of the circulation of the person in psychological suffering, after all, continues to have importance and centrality; therefore, guaranteeing that this individual will circulate without causing damage or trouble to society is one of the central themes in therapeutic programs.
In short, power transits through individuals, it traverses them, and thus, depending on the relation that is established, people may be in a position to be submitted to that power, but also in position to exercise it FOUCAULT, Power relations are not in a position of exteriority with respect to other kinds of relationships, but they are immanent to them.
The general objective of the course "Society and Social Policy" is to introduce students to the problem of the relationship between state and society in the field of social policies.
This transformation has implied establishing forms to shelter suffering through the creation of diversified care projects and strategies, articulated in network to this territory From there, it was analyzed how the traditional methods of interpreting power, whether it was contractualism or Marxism, did not prove sufficient to understand the multiple ways from which power relations are established.
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