UNSAFE AT ANY SPEED EBOOK
Unsafe at any speed by Ralph Nader, , Grossman edition. Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile by Ralph Nader, published in , is a book accusing car manufacturers of. Review: Unsafe at Any Speed. User Review - Skip - Goodreads. Car manufacturers put out unsafe cars and then they wave the American flag. Where is the.
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The knowledge that you get from Unsafe at any speed by Ralph Nader (the designed-in dangers of the. American Automobile) may be the more deep you. EBook Unsafe At Any Speed Ralph Nader Read | Download / PDF / Audio. Title: Unsafe At Any Speed Ralph Nader Views: Favorites: Formats: pdf. I have been looking for this ebook for some time now and am not really sure where else to look, so i figured I would ask here. Thanks.
For gearheads this was simply received belief, church dogma. Okay, now read Unsafe for yourself with 21st century eyes. You can also read it online or download it here free of charge at the American Buddha Online Library: Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-in Dangers of the American Automobile So check it out for yourself—the book is meaty but a quick read.
Next, the advances Nader advocated throughout the book are totally commonplace today, including padded dashes, collapsing steering columns, safety door latches, and other low-hanging fruit in the pursuit of passenger safety. For a supposed Bolshevik, the Nader of was a bit of a milquetoast.
And for this, Nader was vilified by an industry too arrogant to listen to its own customers—or even to reason.
HarperCollins to libraries: we will nuke your ebooks after 26 checkouts
The initial response of GM executives was all too predictable: they hired private detectives to stalk Nader in an effort to dig up personal dirt on him. The kakhanded attempt blew up in their faces, naturally.
The tail gave little warning that it was about to let go, and when it did, it let go with a vengeance few drivers could cope with. So all right, then. After all these decades of blabbering on both sides, what is the truth about the swing-axle Corvair?
Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile by Ralph Nader , published in , is a book accusing car manufacturers of resistance to the introduction of safety features, like seat belts , and their general reluctance to spend money on improving safety.
It was a pioneering work, openly polemical but containing substantial references and material from industry insiders. Unsafe at Any Speed is often characterized as the book "about the Corvair ", though only one of the book's eight chapters covers the Corvair.
The theme of tire pressures chosen for comfort rather than safety is recurrent, and the main theme throughout is the charge that the automobile industry evaded well-founded and technically informed criticism. This relates to the first — models that had a swing-axle suspension design which was prone to "tuck under" in certain circumstances. In substitution for the cost-cutting lack of a front stabilizer bar anti-roll bar , Corvairs required tire pressures which were outside of the tire manufacturer's recommended tolerances.
The Corvair relied on an unusually high front to rear pressure differential 15psi front, 26psi rear, when cold; 18 psi and 30psi hot , and if one inflated the tires equally, as was standard practice for all other cars at the time, the result was a dangerous oversteer.
According to the standards laid down by the relevant industry body, the Tire and Rim Association , the pressures also rendered the front tires overloaded when there were two or more passengers on board. An unadvertised at-cost option included upgraded springs and dampers, front anti-roll bars and rear-axle-rebound straps to prevent tuck-under.
Unsafe at Any Speed
The suspension was modified for models, with inclusion of a standard front anti-roll bar and a transverse-mounted rear spring. In , the totally redesigned four-link, fully independent rear suspension maintained a constant camber angle at the wheels.
Corvairs from were not prone to the formerly characteristic tuck-under crashes.
George Caramagna, the Chevrolet suspension mechanic who, Nader learned, had fought management over omission of the vital anti-sway bar that they were forced to install in later models was vital to this issue. The missing bar had caused many crashes and it was Caramagna who precipitated the whole controversy by staying his ground on the issue.
Chapter 2 levels criticism on auto design elements such as instrument panels and dashboards that were often brightly finished with chrome and glossy enamels which could reflect sunlight or the headlights of oncoming motor vehicles into the driver's eyes. This problem, according to Nader, was well known by persons in the industry, but little was done to correct it. Apart from some of the examples given in the Corvair chapter, Nader offers much about the gear shift quadrants on earlier cars fitted with automatic transmissions.
Several examples are given of persons accidentally being run over, or cars that turned into runaways because the driver operating the vehicle at the time of the accident was not familiar with its shift pattern and would shift into reverse when intending to shift to park.
Bookshelf: Unsafe at Any Speed by Ralph Nader
Nader makes an appeal to the auto industry to standardize gearshift patterns between makes and models as a safety issue. Early automatic transmissions, including GM's Rambler, Studebaker used a pattern of "P N D L R", which put Reverse at the bottom of the quadrant, next to Low which was contrary to the pattern used by other manufacturers.
Drivers used to moving the shift lever all the way down for "low gear" would accidentally select "R" and would unexpectedly move the car backwards. In addition, other manufacturers, such as Chrysler, used a push-button selector to choose gear ranges. Eventually this pattern became the standard for all automatic-shift cars. Chevrolet's Powerglide , at least as seen on the Corvair, used a "R N D L" pattern, which separated the Reverse from the Drive gears by neutral in the ideal way, but which had no "P" selection, relying instead on the process used with a manual transmission of the driver selecting N neutral and using a separate parking brake when parking.
Chapter 2 also exposes problems in workmanship and the failure of companies to honor warranties.
Chapter 3 documents the history of crash science focusing on the effect on the human body the second collision as it collides with the interior of the car as the car hits another object the first collision. Nader argues that much knowledge was available to designers by the early s but it was largely ignored within the American automotive industry.
There are in-depth discussions about the steering assembly , instrument panel , windshield , passenger restraint , and the passenger compartment which included everything from door strength to roll-over bars.
Due to this, the " Nader bolt " was installed to reinforce the door and suicide doors were discontinued because of a lack of door strength. Chapter 4 documents the automobile's impact on air pollution and its contribution to smog , with a particular focus on Los Angeles.
Chapter 5 is about Detroit automotive engineers' general unwillingness to focus on road-safety improvements for fear of alienating the buyer or making cars too expensive. This compared to an average expenditure in safety by the automotive companies of about twenty-three cents per car.
Chapter 6 explores the excessive ornamentation that appeared on cars, particularly in the late s, and the dominance of car design over good engineering. Of the s designs, Nader notes "bumpers shaped like sled-runners and sloping grille work above the bumpers, which give the effect of 'leaning into the wind', increase Subtitled "Damn the driver and spare the car," Chapter 7 discusses the way the blame for accidents and fatalities was placed on the driver.
The book claims that the road safety mantra called the "Three E's" "Engineering, Enforcement and Education" was created by the industry in the s to distract attention from the real problems of vehicle safety, such as the fact that some were sold with tires that could not bear the weight of a fully loaded vehicle.
To the industry, he said "Enforcement" and "Education" meant the driver, while "Engineering" was all about the road.
Chapter 8 , the concluding chapter, suggests that the automotive industry should be forced by government to pay greater attention to safety in the face of mounting evidence about preventable death and injury. The book has continuing relevance: Nader claims that GM responded to his criticism of the Corvair by trying to destroy Nader's image and to silence him.
It " 1 conducted a series of interviews with acquaintances of the plaintiff, 'questioning them about, and casting aspersions upon [his] political, social, racial and religious views; his integrity; his sexual proclivities and inclinations; and his personal habits'; 2 kept him under surveillance in public places for an unreasonable length of time; 3 caused him to be accosted by girls for the purpose of entrapping him into illicit relationships; 4 made threatening, harassing and obnoxious telephone calls to him; 5 tapped his telephone and eavesdropped, by means of mechanical and electronic equipment, on his private conversations with others; and 6 conducted a 'continuing' and harassing investigation of him.
On March 22, , GM President James Roche was forced to appear before a United States Senate subcommittee, and to apologize to Nader for the company's campaign of harassment and intimidation.
Nader later successfully sued GM for excessive invasion of privacy. An Autobiography. The U. This review panel then issued its own page report PB , available from NTIS , which concluded that "the Corvair compares favorably with contemporary vehicles used in the tests Social Scientist Thomas Sowell argued in The Vision of the Anointed that Nader was ignorant and dismissive of the trade-off between safety and affordability.Plan A is to stop putting dangerous, anti-patron technology into your collections in the first place.
Unsafe at Any Speed
Before Unsafe at Any Speed, there was no safety culture in the auto industry, and today there is. The Corvair was a tragedy, not a blunder. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. This is what Hansen and his associates did before coming up with the Corvair design. The kakhanded attempt blew up in their faces, naturally. Write a review Rate this item: January 28,