PROPHETIC MEDICINE PDF
The Prophetic Medicine. الطب النبوي. Ibn Qay'em El-Jozeyah. لابن قيم الجوزية. Translation By. ABD EL-QADER the son of ABD EL-AZEEZ. Reviewer By. Dr. Ing . PROPHETIC. ADVICES - 6 -. Prophetic Medicine simply refers to the actions done and thought said by the Prophet. Muhammed with regards to sickness. 50 2 Pr oph et ic Medicine all the aspects of Muhammad's life, private and public, and a portion of them stress the authenticity of his prophethood. For instance.
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Prophets of Medicine and Medicine of the Prophet: Debates on Medical Theory and Practice in the Medieval Middle East. The Harvard community has made this. In the name of Allah, the most. Beneficent, the most Merciful. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page PDF | The advent of evolutionary medicine in the last two decades has provided new insights into the causes of human disease and possible preventative.
For the most part, it is a complementary form of practice used mainly in the treatment of common ailments, says Ibrahim Syed, president of the Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc. Patients with more serious conditions are usually referred to advanced medical centres, he adds. Unani medicine is primarily based on the Greek notion of the four humours, according to a paper on the history and practice of unani medicine by Helen Sheehan, an affiliated faculty member of the South Asia Center at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and Dr.
The Prophetic Medicine
It posits that health and temperament are tied to four fluids in the human body: phlegm, blood, yellow bile and black bile. An individual is in good health when the humours are in balance.
Treatment of the ill, therefore, involves measures intended to restore balance to the four humours. Other treatment options include surgery or the use of herbal, mineral or other natural remedies. Books on prophetic medicine also handled religio-ethical and medico-legal issues, such as the characteristics of an ideal physician, the education of the physi- cian, and the assigned punishments for malpractice.
Some of these books would also touch on gender issues, such as the practice of medicine by females and the im permissibility of medical treatment and care provided by women for men and vice versa. Hence, some of the books hinted at or gave detailed discussions of how to cure emotional imbalance.
One of the topics that clearly distinguished between mainstream books on practical medicine and those on prophetic medicine is the focus of the latter on what is sometimes called spiritual cures.
As an indication of their contemporary popularity, the extant works authored by the aforementioned early Muslim religious scholars and physicians are frequently printed in recent times, sometimes espoused with translations into English or other Latin languages.
This means that the topics outlined above are still part of what contemporary readers interested in this genre would become acquainted with.
These books try to present the miracu- lous aspect of the prophetic traditions with medical content by referring to recent academic medical findings.
To the authors of these books, the quoted prophetic traditions show that these recent medical findings were already ascertained centu- ries ago by the Prophet of Islam. This was the main issue discussed by the participants in the afore- mentioned IOMS conference.
To them, categorizing this part of the prophetic medicine as di- vinely inspired medicine would create insurmountable complications. Furthermore, the medical content of these prophetic teachings date back to a spe- cific time, place, and context, namely the seventh-century Arabian Peninsula. Al-Salami also made reference to a linguistic difficulty, namely identifying specific medicinal plants named in some prophetic traditions.
First of all, these prophetic traditions indicate that practicing medi- cine as a medical profession, from an Islamic sharia perspective, is a commendable deed. For instance, the religious scholar Ahmad Umar Hashim argued that prophetic medicine in toto is based on divine revelation.
Hashim also criticized a number of contemporary writers without naming them but described them as people of aberration and misguidance because they usually cast doubts on the medical content of these traditions. On the other hand, Hashim stressed that prophetic medicine, including its curative part, should not be seen as an alternative for medicine practiced by professional physicians.
Also, a number of the participating physicians in this session, such as Ahmad Shawqi Ibrahim and Muhammad Ali Albar, did not agree with the approach proposed by al-Salami and al-Ashqar. Another issue is the intercession of Muhammad.
He is usually seen as an inter- cessor for Muslims in the hereafter, and his grave is visited accordingly, without falling in the category of saints venerated by Sufi Muslims. A further evolution of the prophetical status of Muhammad appeared in some trends, such as the esoteric notion of Muhammadan light, with Muhammad being depicted as a suprahuman esoteric figure.
Anne-Sylvie Boisliveau See also: Brill, Rubin, Uri.
Tottoli, Roberto. Biblical Prophets in the Quran and Muslim Literature. Oxford, UK: Walker, P. Anas b.
Malik d. Available information shows that the first known work on this genre, within the Sunni tradition, was written in the western side of the Islamic world by the Andalusian philologist, poet, historian, and jurist Abd al-Malik b.
Habib d. The list of the well-known authors in this field included prominent Muslim religious scholars, especially those specializing in hadith such as Ibn al-Sunni al-Dinawari d.
Besides these hadith scholars, there have also been physicians although much more lim- ited in number than the religious scholars who wrote on this genre, such as Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi d.
Interest in this genre did not die out in the modern time, where both contemporary religious scholars such as Muhammad al-Mukhtar al-Salami and Muhammad Sulayman al-Ashqar and physicians such as Muhammad Ali Albar and Hassan Shamsi Basha still make intriguing contributions to the field of prophetic medicine.
The earliest known work in this genre is a treatise ascribed to the 8th Shia imam, Ali al-Rida d.
The Prophetic Medicine By Ibn Qayyim Al Jawziyya
It is to be noted that contemporary Sunni authors show interest in and quote from these Shiite works. Main Contents A joint characteristic among almost all books that fall within the category of pro- phetic medicine is to set out a number of prophetic traditions with medical con- tent.
The number of these traditions varied widely from one book to another.
Up to the 14th century, when this genre witnessed its golden age, the authored books were usually confined to listing the relevant traditions without further analysis of their medical content.
Subsequent works such as the one authored by al-Dhahabi started to dedicate whole chapters to theoretical issues widely discussed in the Greco-Islamic medical tradition, such as the theory of humors, elements, and temperaments and general causes of illnesses and contagion.Habib d.
For instance, several hadiths assert that there is a remedial value in honey. One of the topics that clearly distinguished between mainstream books on practical medicine and those on prophetic medicine is the focus of the latter on what is sometimes called spiritual cures.
Wellhausen, J. Endorsed through governmental and elite patronage, scholars oversaw the translation of the classical works of prominent philosophers and physicians from Greek, Syrian and Persian into Arabic.
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