EXTREMELY LOUD AND INCREDIBLY CLOSE PDF
JONATHAN SAFRAN FOER EXTREMLY LOUD & INCREDIBLY CLOSE Contents Self-defense was something that I was extremely curious about, for obvious. Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close. Read more · Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close · Read more · Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: A Novel. Read more. PETER ROBINSON CLOSE TO HOME A NOVEL OF SUSPENSE For Sheila The glory dropped from their youth and love, And both.
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Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close Mti a Novel by Jonathan Safran Foer PDF - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Jonathan Safran Foer emerged as one of the most original writers of his generation with his best-selling debut novel, Everything Is Illuminated. Now, with humor. Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close, Foer takes on death, love, sex, pain, . Click PDF Full-Text link to view article. Click “PDF Full Text” link to.
They emerged from the attacks physically unscathed but forever burdened with guilt for being the only survivors of their respective families. All three traumatised characters have a unique way of coming to terms with and recounting their experiences. His life has become a fixated reliving of the traumatic events in Dresden in Grandfather People who have been caught up in a traumatic event are utterly overpowered by the magnitude of what they have experienced.
About the Book
They cannot fit what has happened into an existing referential framework, nor can they conventionalise it. Thomas Schell is one of those people. He is overjoyed. Foer , Thomas Schell survives the Dresden firebombing. His pregnant girlfriend, Anna, does not. Having survived while his lover perished, is torture for him.
He cannot reconcile his own ongoing life with the death of his loved ones, and especially the death of Anna. Having faced death, the question is what constitutes trauma. Is trauma caused by the encounter with and the narrow escape from death or is it rather the experience of living with the knowledge of having encountered and escaped death while others have not? Survival, then, becomes a balancing act between a crisis of death and a crisis of living Caruth , 7. For having said goodbye to Anna when maybe I could have saved her and our idea, or at least died with them.
I would have stayed in the apartment with her … I would have spent that life among the living. Survivor guilt can be seen as a direct result of PTSD. These feelings of unworthiness constitute the haunting experience of being unable to live in the present and being equally unable to let go of the past.
In the case of Thomas Schell and his wife, this inability to live in the present is represented by their creation of Nothing and Something Places in their apartment once they are married.
Nothing Places are rectangles of space that do not exist. Whoever occupies a Nothing Place temporarily ceases to exist as well p. As they go along, the Schells systematically carve out more and more Nothing Places, so that in the end their apartment is more Nothing than Something.
They even mark the Nothing and Something Places on the blueprint of their apartment, so that no more misunderstandings can arise as to which room is what. However overpowering the experience of a traumatic event may be, it is possible to survive. As his name suggests, Thomas is a shell of the man he once was. The issue of bodily survival is logically tied up with the question whether or not one can emotionally recover from trauma.
What is possible, however, is that over time a trauma victim manages to incorporate and master what has happened. Crucial in this process is acceptance. A trauma survivor must learn to accept that what seemed utterly impossible before, did in fact happen.
Irene Kacandes p. Wirth goes so far as to foreclose the phase of acceptance should the traumatic experience be suppressed. Trauma must be admitted, not repressed or denied Wirth , In a very literal sense, Thomas Schell is unable to share his traumatic experiences with others because he suffers from aphasia — the loss of speech.
It is not unreasonable to assume that he has unconsciously inflicted this condition on himself. His inability or refusal to speak testifies to an unwillingness to cope with his traumatic past. Using language suggests at least some form of coming to terms or comprehension, and that is what Thomas wants to avoid at all cost.
Acting out involves the inability to bear witness to what has happened. That inability ensnares the trauma victim in an existence in which he is unable to invest love and attachment in new relationships Harris , This certainly holds true for Thomas Schell. He does not appreciate her for her own person, but only as the last remaining link to Anna.
Even when he asks his wife to stand model for his sculptures, he does not sculpt her. His sculptures are a ceaseless attempt to reconstruct his image of Anna. In fact, he does the exact opposite. He is fundamentally unable to relinquish the memory of his beloved Anna. He realises that if only he could let go, his life would be much simpler.
But despite his insight into his own state of mind, Thomas cannot help himself. Foer , 17 Remembering the past is a compulsion for Thomas. In his reasoning, the fact that he lost the possibility of spending his life with Anna can only be compensated by never forgetting about it. Sadly enough, Thomas is not holding on to real memories. Instead, he cherishes projections of what a life with Anna could have been like. On several occasions, Thomas expresses the wish not to think about what could have been ever again.
But he cannot help himself. Amidst the chaos of the burning city, Thomas remembers that one single thought kept him on his feet: Keep thinking. Reconsidering this in retrospect, Thomas concludes that at that time to keep thinking might very well have saved his life.
Now that he is alive, however, thinking is killing him pp. His refusal or inability to speak prevents him from sharing his experiences with others.
Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close
Thus, he forecloses every prospect of coming to terms with the traumatic events of his past. From the moment Thomas is in America, the involuntary reliving of the past translates itself in aphasia. Speech, for him, is an inadequate means of expression and must therefore be omitted. Grandmother At first sight, Mrs Schell seems to do much better as a survivor of the Dresden air raids than her husband.
Greer , n.
Extremely Loud .pdf - Throughout the book of Extremely Loud...
She does not lose her speech, she is not trapped in endless reliving of the past or so it seems and she is able to make a new life for herself and her son after Thomas abandons them.
Contrary to her husband, Mrs Schell has a drive to communicate in general and to tell the story of her life in particular. Although Thomas will not budge from his choice to remain silent about his traumatic past, he does encourage his wife to do exactly the opposite.
He believes that writing will be therapeutic, a way to lighten her burden. Paradoxically enough, he sets up her desk and typewriter in the Nothing guest room. As the novel progresses, it becomes apparent that Mrs Schell is only keeping up appearances and that, in fact, she is not coping well at all. After her first encounter with Thomas in New York, for instance, she is clearly suicidal Foer , Indeed, as it turns out, Mrs Schell does not really write at all. She only pretends that she does by constantly hitting the space bar.
Mrs Schell clearly reflects the same struggle displayed by Thomas, namely that of wavering between a crisis of life and a crisis of death. Taking her leave from Thomas after their first meeting, she plans to drown herself in the Hudson River. His motioning her to come back might be her lifeline but it takes a moment before she accepts.
She is torn between the prospect of death and the possibility of starting a new life with Thomas. Although she is in the habit of picking up pretty rocks for her grandson to add to his collection, he senses that there is something unusual about this one. He remarks that his grandmother should not be carrying heavy things and that this rock looks like it must weigh a ton. Like her husband, Grandma is burdened with survivor guilt.
As a girl, she collected letters. Aside from feeling guilty about having fuelled the fires that destroyed her house, Grandma also struggles with deep feelings of unworthiness. These instances are so recurrent, that Oskar cannot help but notice them. I brought myself to the ground, which was where I belonged. I hit the floor with my fists.
I wanted to break my hands, but when it hurt too much, I stopped. I was too selfish to break my hands for my only child. I wanted to lie down in my own waste, which was what I deserved. I wanted to be a pig in my own filth. She wants to share her experiences with others.
She wants to tell her specific story as a survivor of the Dresden firebombing.
That urge to get her story out is expressed by her feverishly writing the letter to her grandson justifying her actions at the end of the novel. By contrast, it is rather peculiar that the reader never gets her own account of the Dresden bombardments.
One does not find out where she was and what she was doing when the first bombs struck the city, or what she did to survive. The only thing the reader does find out is that she tried to help her father free himself from a pile of rubble after the attacks p. The reader learns through Thomas, not through Grandma, that her father survived the attacks on Dresden, but that he committed suicide soon after.
In her narrative, Grandma familiarises the reader with the story of her childhood in Dresden before that fatal night in February and with that of her adulthood in New York City.
The breach between the two narratives is the omission of her traumatic experience in Dresden. On the whole, though, it seems that Grandma is better at coping with her past than her husband. At a certain point, she suspects that Thomas is on the verge of leaving her and their unborn child.
When she confronts him about his imminent departure, he tells her that he does not know how to live. She admits that she does not know either but that at least she is trying. He in turn retorts that he does not even know how to try Foer , Is that growing old? Or is it something worse? Hence the initial impression that Grandma might have succeeded better than Thomas in making a new life for herself. In truth, though, she is just as much subject to the tyranny of her traumatic past as is her husband.
Oskar mentions being taken in for testing in his first interaction with Abby Black, however he states that " Tests weren't definitive.
After Thomas's death, Linda tells Oskar "I won't fall in love again. Oskar's grandmother is a kind woman who is very protective of Oskar. She calls out to him often, and Oskar always responds with "I'm okay" out of habit. When she arrived in the United States, she read as many magazines as she could to integrate herself into the culture and language. As Anna's Oskar's grandfather's first love younger sister, she enters into a tumultuous marriage with Oskar's grandfather, and the couple breaks up before the events of the novel.
Black is an elderly man who is one hundred and three years of age, who lives in the same apartment building as Oskar, and joins him for some of his journey.
Prior to meeting Oskar, Mr. Black had not left his apartment in twenty-four years, after having had a rather adventurous life. He is nearly deaf, and cries after Oskar turns on his hearing aids after a "long time" where he was unable to hear.
Oskar's grandfather, Thomas Schell Sr. After the death of his first love, Anna, Oskar's grandfather loses his voice completely and consequently tattoos the words "yes" and "no" on his hands. He carries around a "daybook" where he writes phrases he cannot speak aloud. He marries Anna's younger sister, Oskar's grandmother. Anna is an absent character. She is Oskar's grandfather's first love. Oskar's grandfather falls in love with her instantly.
She is Oskar's grandmother's sister. Abby Black is William Black's ex-wife. She is forty-eight years old and lives by herself. She is friendly and welcoming to Oskar when he arrives at her house, though she does decline Oskar's offer of a kiss. Oskar's father, Thomas Schell, dies before the events of the book begin, having been in 1 World Trade Center the day of the attacks.
Oskar remembers him as caring, smelling of aftershave and always humming the song "I Am the Walrus" by The Beatles. Thomas Schell organizes several expeditions for Oskar, such as a game to find an object from every decade of the past century. These adventures with his father are one of the reasons Oskar begins his journey about the key.
Stan is the doorman in the building Oskar lives in. He alerts Oskar when he has mail. Buckminster is Oskar's cat. Background[ edit ] Jonathan Safran Foer's inspiration for his main character came when having difficulty with another project.
In an interview, Foer stated, "I was working on another story and I just started to feel the drag of it. And so, as a side project, I got interested in the voice of this kid. I thought maybe it could be a story; maybe it would be nothing. I found myself spending more and more time on it and wanting to work on that". Foer was sleeping off jet lag after returning to New York City from a trip to Spain, when he was woken by a phone call from a friend: "He said, 'You have to turn on the TV, a plane has crashed into the World Trade Center.
If you're in my position—a New Yorker who felt the event very deeply and a writer who wants to write about things he feels deeply about—I think it's risky to avoid what's right in front of you.
Sien Uytterschout and Kristiaan Versluys have examined the specific types of trauma and recuperative measures that Oskar's grandmother and grandfather go through after the Dresden bombings and that Oskar goes through after the loss of his father. They argue that Oskar has a simultaneous death wish and extreme need for self-preservation: This theme is echoed in Thomas Schell, Sr.
It is also important to note the impact of the child narrator on the effectiveness of the theme of trauma. In the novel, Oskar never directly addresses through his narration the trauma he faced. Only through his journey through the city and through his grandparents' letters does he mimic the journey one must take when coping with trauma. Jonathan Safran Foer's novel was one of many that confronted the aftermath of the attacks through the eyes of a New Yorker.
Foer utilizes the child narrator in an attempt to connect with that struggle. Because of its great popularity, its message had a greater impact than many novels of its kind. Apart from the terrorist attacks of September 11, the novel also sheds light on the experience of terrible tragedy. Rebecca Miller of the Library Journal claims "Foer nimbly explores the misunderstandings that compound when grief silences its victims.
He stated, "the book's hyperactive visual surface covers up a certain hollow monotony in its verbal drama. Foer's myriad gifts as a writer, the novel as a whole feels simultaneously contrived and improvisatory, schematic and haphazard.
The topic of the child narrator is a contentious one.Yet, these modes always seem to have a connotation of 'almost' hitting the nail on the head. What about a device that knew everyone you knew? Those are my only dreams. The old man eventually shows Oskar the letters he had written to his son: Sie verzaubert die Menschen mit ihren selbstgemachten Pralines und Schokoladenkreationen. This flashback appears to be light-hearted and joyful.