BUILD YOUR OWN PC DO-IT-YOURSELF FOR DUMMIES PDF
Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The. Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The. THER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES Teach Yourself the iMac Visually; Running a Perfect BBS; Official Netscape Guide when you announce that you're building your own PC. Build Your Own PC Do-It- Yourself For Dummies makes it resourceone.info only is building your own PC a really rewarding project. it can also save you.
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that his method of crafting computer tomes does seem to work. Perhaps Dan's Dummies, Edition; Troubleshooting Your PC For Dummies, 2nd Edition;. What are you planning to do with your computer? Always make sure you ground yourself by touching the case frame before handling the components. If you have .. This is a good time to verify your pc power supply setting. Depending on. If you've dreamed about having a customized multimedia PC or one tricked out for your favorite games, build your own and make your dreams come true! Build.
They're "soft" in the sense that they are not fixed: they can be changed easily. By contrast, a computer's hardware—the bits and pieces from which it is made and the peripherals, like the mouse and printer, you plug into it —is pretty much fixed when you buy it off the shelf.
The hardware is what makes your computer powerful; the ability to run different software is what makes it flexible.
That computers can do so many different jobs is what makes them so useful—and that's why millions of us can no longer live without them! What is an operating system? Suppose you're back in the late s, before off-the-shelf computer programs have really been invented.
You want to program your computer to work as a word processor so you can bash out your first novel—which is relatively easy but will take you a few days of work. A few weeks later, you tire of writing things and decide to reprogram your machine so it'll play chess. Later still, you decide to program it to store your photo collection.
Every one of these programs does different things, but they also do quite a lot of similar things too. For example, they all need to be able to read the keys pressed down on the keyboard, store things in memory and retrieve them, and display characters or pictures on the screen.
What You Need to Build a Basic PC
If you were writing lots of different programs, you'd find yourself writing the same bits of programming to do these same basic operations every time. That's a bit of a programming chore, so why not simply collect together all the bits of program that do these basic functions and reuse them each time? Photo: Typical computer architecture: You can think of a computer as a series of layers, with the hardware at the bottom, the BIOS connecting the hardware to the operating system, and the applications you actually use such as word processors, Web browsers, and so on running on top of that.
Each of these layers is relatively independent so, for example, the same Windows operating system might run on laptops running a different BIOS, while a computer running Windows or another operating system can run any number of different applications. That's the basic idea behind an operating system: it's the core software in a computer that essentially controls the basic chores of input, output, storage, and processing.
You can think of an operating system as the "foundations" of the software in a computer that other programs called applications are built on top of.
So a word processor and a chess game are two different applications that both rely on the operating system to carry out their basic input, output, and so on. The operating system relies on an even more fundamental piece of programming called the BIOS Basic Input Output System , which is the link between the operating system software and the hardware.
Unlike the operating system, which is the same from one computer to another, the BIOS does vary from machine to machine according to the precise hardware configuration and is usually written by the hardware manufacturer.
The BIOS is not, strictly speaking, software: it's a program semi-permanently stored into one of the computer's main chips, so it's known as firmware it is usually designed so it can be updated occasionally, however. Operating systems have another big benefit.
How to build a gaming PC
Back in the s and early s , virtually all computers were maddeningly different. They all ran in their own, idiosyncratic ways with fairly unique hardware different processor chips, memory addresses, screen sizes and all the rest. Programs written for one machine such as an Apple usually wouldn't run on any other machine such as an IBM without quite extensive conversion.
That was a big problem for programmers because it meant they had to rewrite all their programs each time they wanted to run them on different machines. How did operating systems help? If you have a standard operating system and you tweak it so it will work on any machine, all you have to do is write applications that work on the operating system. Then any application will work on any machine.
The operating system that definitively made this breakthrough was, of course, Microsoft Windows, spawned by Bill Gates.
Computer Repair Books
It's important to note that there were earlier operating systems too. You can read more of that story in our article on the history of computers. What's inside your PC? Don't open up your PC unless you really know what you're doing.
There are dangerous voltages inside, especially near the power supply unit, and some components can remain live for quite a time after the power has been turned off. Photo: Inside the case of a typical PC showing four key areas of components, described below. It all looks pretty scary and confusing inside a typical PC: circuit boards like little "cities" with the chips for buildings, rainbow tangles of wires running between them, and goodness knows what else.
But work through the components slowly and logically and it all starts to make sense. Most of what you can see divides into four broad areas, which I've outlined in green, blue, red, and orange on this photo. There's usually a large cooling fan on the outside of the computer case near the power socket or a much smaller fan on a laptop, usually on one side. In this machine, there are two external fans colored green and blue just to the left, cooling both the power supply and the mainboard.
Mainboard blue As its name suggests, this is the brain of a computer—where the real work gets done. The main processor central processing unit is easy to spot because there's typically a large fan sitting right on top of it to cool it down. In this photo, the processor is directly underneath the black fan with the red central spindle. Exactly what's on the mainboard varies from machine to machine. Other circuit boards red Although the mainboard can theoretically contain all the chips a computer needs, it's quite common for PCs to have three other separate circuit boards: one to manage networking, one to process graphics, and one to deal with sound.
Some computers have chips that do all their networking on the motherboard. The graphics card also called the video card or display adapter is the part of a computer that handles everything to do with the display.
Why isn't that done by the central processing unit? In some machines, it can be, but that tends to slows down both the main processing of the machine and the graphics. Self-contained graphics cards date from the very first IBM PC, which had a standalone display adapter way back in ; powerful, modern-style graphics cards for 3D, high-resolution, full-color gaming rolled out from the mids, pioneered by companies such as Nvidia and ATI.
The sound card is another self-contained circuit board based around digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters: it turns the digital numeric information the central processing unit deals with into analog constantly varying signals that can power loudspeakers ; and converts the analog signals coming in from a microphone into digital signals the CPU can understand.
As with networking and graphics, sound cards or sound chips can be integrated into the motherboard.
PC makers tend to design and build their own motherboards, but most of the components they use are off-the-shelf and modular. So, for example, your Lenovo PC or Asus laptop might have a Toshiba hard drive, an Nvidia graphics card, a Realtek sound card, and so on.
Even on the motherboard, the components may be modular and plug-and-play: "Intel Inside" means you've got an Intel processor sitting under the fan. All this means it's very easy to replace or upgrade the parts of a PC either when they wear out or grow obsolete; you don't have to throw the whole machine out. If you're interested in tinkering, there are a couple of good books listed in the "How computers work" section below that will walk you through the process.
External connectors "ports" You can connect your computer to peripherals external gadgets like inkjet printers , webcams , and flash memory sticks either with a wired connection a serial or parallel cable or with wireless typically Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.
Years ago, computers and peripherals used a mind-boggling collection of different connectors for linking to one another. These days, virtually all PCs use a standard way of connecting together called USB universal serial bus.
USB is meant to be "plug and play": whatever you plug into your computer works more or less out of the box, though you might have to wait while your machine downloads a driver an extra piece of software that tells it how to use that particular piece of hardware. Photo: USB ports on computers are very robust, but they do break from time to time, especially after years of use. Apart from making it easy to swap data, USB also provides power to things like external hard drives. When you plug your phone into a USB port on a bus or a train, you're just using the outer pins to charge the battery.
USB gives you much more connectivity than old-fashioned serial computer ports. It's designed so you can connect it in many different ways, either with one peripheral plugged into each of your USB sockets or using USB hubs where one USB plug gives you access to a whole series of USB sockets, which can themselves have more hubs and sockets plugged into them.
In theory, you can have different USB devices attached to one computer.
Sponsored links. Looking to build a hulking PC brimming with top-of-the-line hardware and closed-loop water-cooling? Go for it! If you can convince your significant other to OK the expense, that is. Or maybe you prefer a more well-balanced rig , or a delightfully small system with big gaming chops. The best SSDs ]. DIYers can benefit from that!
The superb PCPartPicker. PCWorld has detailed installation guides—often with supplementary buying advice—for every major PC component you need. This comprehensive superguide explains how to build your PC from top to bottom, from case fans to CPU to cable management. Need help installing a particular component?
Here are links for each piece of hardware in your PC:. How to avoid common PC building mistakes —a must-read before you even buy your first part. How to install or replace a case fan.
How to install a power supply in your computer. How to install new memory in your PC. How to install a graphics card. How to install a hard drive in your PC. The ultimate guide to proper PC cable management —you want your PC looking nice and pretty, after all. Even veteran PC builders stumble into trouble every now and again though our guide to avoiding common PC building mistakes should help you avoid most of it.
They all rock! Then sit back, relax, and enjoy a cold beverage. You just built a PC with your own two hands.
He tweets too.So there is no need to re-write what you'll see here. USB is meant to be "plug and play": whatever you plug into your computer works more or less out of the box, though you might have to wait while your machine downloads a driver an extra piece of software that tells it how to use that particular piece of hardware. In our build we didn't use our M. Make sure yours is all the way in. We have created a video of the entire process and a list of each component we used.
Which port should you use? Next, connect your PSU to your graphics card and any other expansion card that needs its own power supply. Depending on how much power your card needs, you might need to use a single 6-pin or 8-pin connection use the extra 2-pin attachment that fits snugly against the 6-pins , or some graphics cards will need up to two 8-pin connections.