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BE MINE AGAIN PDF

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Be Mine Again Pdf

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Within the complete phenomenal character of an experience — what it is like for me to have the experience — we can place the emphasis, and fix our attention, on two different aspects: the qualitative character — what it is like for me to have it — and the subjective character — what it is like for me to have it. At the most fine-grained end of the spectrum, I can focus on the exquisitely particular way it is like for me when I smell the fur of a wet dog, have pins and needles, or feel a pang of nostalgia.

But I can also shift to the opposite end of the spectrum, noticing the general feature, across all of the above experiences, that there is something or other that it feels like to me. Whenever I am in a phenomenally conscious state, there is a subjective character to the experience; but depending on what particular experience it is, the subjective character will be specified as this or that qualitative character.

As Kriegel puts it, subjective character captures what remains constant across experiences, while qualitative character captures what changes: On the scheme I have adopted, bluish-for-me-ness, reddish-for-me-ness, trumpet-ish-for-me-ness, and so on are all phenomenal characters that are determinates of the determinable something-for-me-ness or plain for-me-ness for short.

One can focus the mind purely on subjective character by considering that which remains invariant among all the different determinates, and on qualitative character by considering that which varies among them. Kriegel : Kriegel thus casts the difference between subjective character and qualitative character as a difference between a determinable and its determinates.

We have already encountered, in the quotes of the previous section, subjectivity Levine and for-me-ness Kriegel ; others talk of me-ishness Block , me-ness Block , myness Zahavi and Parnas ; Young , or mineness Zahavi ; Frith ; of a first-personal character or first-personal givenness of experience Zahavi and Parnas ; of non-reflective or pre-reflective self-awareness Zahavi , ; Goldman or low-level self-consciousness Flanagan ; of the sense of self G.

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Strawson ; Damasio or sense of ownership Zahavi, Gallagher ; Block attaching to experiences; and the list goes on. These terms tend to be treated as synonymous. My emphasis. Block : ; my emphasis. In the same spirit, Zahavi and Kriegel : 38 write: […] the point is that each of these objects [of experience], when experienced, is given to one in a distinctly first-personal way.

All the experiences are characterized by a quality of mineness or for-me-ness, the fact that it is I who am having these experiences. All of this suggests […] that phenomenal consciousness consequently entails a minimal form of self-consciousness. In short, unless a mental process is pre-reflectively self-conscious there will be nothing it is like to undergo the process, and it therefore cannot be a phenomenally conscious process […].

However, this terminological luxuriance, I will argue, does not help to delineate the notion at stake precisely. On the contrary, it betrays a certain conceptual blurriness in the discussion. Despite the widespread assumption of a conceptual convergence, the same terms are being used by different authors and sometimes by the same author in different places to stand for very different interpretations of the notion of subjective character.

Furthermore, this ambiguity amounts to a confusion, which is damaging to a number of current argumentative strategies.

In particular, for-me-ness entails neither me-ness nor mineness. This would suggest that different properties, and not just distinct concepts, are being conflated in the debate.

If this is correct, then my ternary conceptual distinction may open the way for a more accurate description of some pathological forms of experience than coarser-grained frameworks allow.

This descriptive gain would provide further support for the threefold distinction. The conflation is problematic not just in principle, but because it makes a difference to existing arguments in the literature. I review four such arguments, and argue that they should be rejected. One thing seems uncontroversial. The suggestion is that the subjective character of experience essentially involves the subject of experience.

This presumably has to do with the fact that subjective character, as the generic form of phenomenal character, is what characterizes experiences as such by contrast with other types of representations ; and that the existence of experiences in the world is inseparable from the existence of subjects in it. The defining feature of subjects, it is often assumed, is that they are not simply present in the world; the world is presented to them.

In short, subjects, experiences, and subjective character, can only be defined in terms of one another. This phenomenological thesis, however, still leaves open a number of ways in which the subject could feature in a description of subjective character. Under the pen of different writers, the subject appears variously: as one of the two relata in the relation of phenomenal awareness to her experiences, i. I briefly present the three options below.

On this first construal, the object of awareness is the experience itself. This is partly because there is someone — a subject — to whom the experience is present in a special way, for whom there is something it is like for that experience to exist at all. And no one else is affected in the same way by the existence of that particular experience.

The experience is in this sense given to someone; it is for that someone, to the exclusion of anyone else. Which amounts to saying that there is someone for whom the experience, by virtue of its mere existence and so long as it exists, is an object of a special sort of awareness: a mental state has subjective character just in case it is for the subject, in the sense that the subject has a certain awareness of it.

Moreover, my own awareness of my experience is a way the experience affects me; it is a phenomenal kind of awareness. Not so with your awareness of my experience. The familiar observations above suggest that, on this first interpretation, subjective character is simply another name for phenomenal consciousness, considered generically and under the most neutral description.

So, the reasoning goes, in the case where what we are aware of is our mental state itself, the same must be true, and the mental state must have itself as its object. These differences, however, are immaterial to what follows.

I will remain entirely neutral as to whether the state-self-awareness view in general, or in any of its variants, is true. State-self-awareness theorists believe this is the result of the experience being aware of itself.

Her place is reversed in the second construal, where she also features as the object of awareness. According to a widespread view, what makes an experience special for its subject is the fact that, in living through it, the subject is somehow aware of herself. Enjoying phenomenal consciousness is a way to be phenomenally self-conscious.

The more general idea that consciousness involves self-consciousness on the part of the subject has a long history. What is more, as he insists in the discussion of the Seventh Objections to his Meditations, this self-knowledge resides in the original conscious state: [T]he initial thought by means of which we become aware of something does not differ from the second thought by means of which we become aware that we were aware of it, any more than this second thought differs from the third thought by means of which we become aware that we were aware that we were aware.

VII, p. The idea of a constitutive link between consciousness and self-consciousness lives on in the works of Kant, Fichte, and Husserl.

It is worth noting that neither Kant nor Fichte primarily envisaged a specifically phenomenal form of self-consciousness. This prefigures 7 the claim, frequently found in the contemporary literature on subjective character, that when phenomenally conscious of anything, the subject is also phenomenally conscious of herself.

Zahavi : 16 […] if a certain organism is in possession of phenomenal consciousness, then it must also be in possession of both a primitive form of self-consciousness and a core self. Similar claims are found in Frankfurt : ; Flanagan , Block , ; Chalmers ; Siewert ; Burge : , among many others. The need for a distinction between for-me-ness and a second dimension of subjective character has been noted before.

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The binary distinction made in these works and others is a valuable one. As I argue below, a finer, ternary distinction is required to pinpoint the confusion pervading the current debate, and to make an accurate description of a range of clinical cases. Everyone agrees that subjective character has to do with the fact that the existence of an experience resonates in a particular way with the subject in whom it occurs. As part of the experience being given to a subject, this subject is somehow aware of the experience being her own; i.

This interpretation of subjective character is more complex than the other two considered so far. It involves, in the subject of experience, i an awareness of the experience as with for-me-ness ; ii an awareness of herself as with me-ness ; and iii an awareness of the relation of ownership, or for-me-ness between the two.

Each thought, out of a multitude of other thoughts of which it may think, is able to distinguish those which belong to its own Ego from those which do not. James , Chap. In the recent debate, a similar idea is endorsed by Zahavi 9 : One commonality [between different experiences] is the quality of mineness, the fact that experiences are characterized by first-personal givenness.

That is, the experience is given at least tacitly as my experience, as an experience I am undergoing or living through […]. Zahavi : Block , 4. Block : Understood as for-me-ness, however, subjective character would seem instead to assume the form of a relation: a relation R1 of awareness between a subject s and an experience x of hers, of the form R1 s,x. Understood as me-ness, subjective character appears to correspond to a relation R2 of a different form, R2 s,s : namely, a reflexive relation of awareness a subject s has to herself while having an experience.

Lastly, understood as mineness, subjective character should correspond to a different relation again, R3.

Here we should expect a relation of higher complexity than the previous two, since it is a relation of awareness between subject s and a fact, i. This might be spelled out as R3 s,[R1 s,x ] , i.

Clearly, R1, R2 and R3 have very different structures, and this in itself should make us wary of collapsing the three notions into one. What I want to argue now is that, in addition, the three notions are not conceptually equivalent, since they do not stand in relations of mutual implication.

As noted above, to become phenomenally aware of myself as the owner of a given experience, I need the more basic awareness of myself and of the experience. Take a different kind of complex phenomenal state, like the visual impression of a piano.

But does this entail that, in being phenomenally aware of the piano as having depth and volume, I am also phenomenally aware of it as a two-dimensional, let alone a 2.

That the one-, two- and 2. That we can do the first kind of shift is doubtful, even though we can perfectly well, in other contexts, have a 2-D phenomenal awareness of a piano e.

The complexity of a phenomenal datum does not always entail the phenomenal accessibility of each of its components.

Let us consider me-ness.

I described it above as the putative phenomenal awareness of myself that I gain in having an experience. Does this not involve, at the very least, an awareness of the experience itself, i. A certain kind of transparency argument might make room for questioning this transition.

Some 11 writers suggest that when I am asked what it is like, exactly, for me to smell a wet dog, to hear the song of the swifts , I must attend, in answering, to the same outward objects and properties as I would attend to if I were asked a question about dogs, or birds. Thus Martin on staring at a lavender bush: When my attention is directed out at the world, the lavender bush and its features occupy centre stage.

It is also notable that when my attention is turned inwards instead to my experience, the bush is not instead replaced by some other entity belonging to the inner realm of the mind […]. I attend to what it is like for me to inspect the lavender bush through perceptually attending to the bush itself while at the same time reflecting on what I am doing. So it does not seem to me as if there is any object apart from the bush for me to be attending to or reflecting on while doing this.

Martin : —1. Take my total experience as I play the piano. I am aware of the piano in front of me, and of the unfolding tune; and, even though this is not the focus of the experience, I am also continually aware of myself my fingers on the keys, my feet on the pedals, my breathing, the contraction of my muscles.

This is not conceptually incoherent. Accordingly, it is at least open to question whether the notion of me-ness simply construed as the phenomenal awareness of myself that I gain through an experience entails the notion of for-me-ness. It is even more doubtful whether me-ness entails mineness. This would require a phenomenal awareness, both of myself and of my experience, and we have just seen that the latter part might not be secured a priori by the notion of me-ness.

But it would also require something further, namely a phenomenal awareness of the relation of ownership between my experience and myself.

Even granting that experience provides phenomenal access to both the subject and the experience itself, there is no a priori reason why it should also provide phenomenal access to the fact that the latter stands in a special relation to the former.

The transition from me-ness or mineness to the other notions should thus not be made without argument, as it so often is.

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For-me-ness is a certain kind of awareness relation, connecting the subject to her experience, and perhaps, more primitively, the experience to itself if the state-self-awareness thesis is correct.

The notion of an awareness of an experience will not, as such, yield the notion of an awareness of the self. The experience and the self are distinct particulars.

Take the conscious perception of a table. When we say that this is a way that the table is given to me, we mean to talk about an awareness that has the table as its object.

Without further assumptions being built into the notion of for-me-ness, i. I am in an awareness relation to those things; but this is not the same as being aware of the relation itself, or of the fact that it obtains.

To move from the dative to the accusative is to shift to a different notion. She has rebuilt her life and now lives in a house sharing with four other people. She is going to university and working towards her degree.

As February begins, the group of friends start to receive anonymous notes, and then one of the group is killed. I thought this was a fast-paced read, and on the whole, I enjoyed it.

It is all a little improbable, and the police are portrayed as not be This is the story of Lylah, who lost both her parents in an accident on Valentine's day nearly two years ago.

It is all a little improbable, and the police are portrayed as not being very good at their jobs, which I thought does not send a very good message. This is a YA read after all. But if you suspend all disbelief, it is an entertaining book. I did not guess " who did it" and I thought that the ending was a bit of a let down, but overall it was okay. As you can tell, I am torn on how to write this review.

While I did enjoy the book, I wasn't overly excited with everything going on. And once again, it's because I struggle with connecting to the characters.Buy this item to display, print, and play the complete music.

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There are no reviews written for Mine Again. She always keeps the story itself gripping and entertaining. Kriegel thus casts the difference between subjective character and qualitative character as a difference between a determinable and its determinates. As February begins, the group of friends start to receive anonymous notes, and then one of the group is killed. Subscribe to our Newsletter Stay Connected. If me-ness and mineness can indeed selectively disappear, giving rise to distinct pathologies, then my threefold distinction might prove a useful tool for describing empirical data more accurately.

My Account. Slowly Metronome: Thus Martin on staring at a lavender bush: When my attention is directed out at the world, the lavender bush and its features occupy centre stage.