INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT PDF
Introduction to Project Management. OVERVIEW. The purpose of presentation is to provide leaders and team members of projects, committees or task forces. 1. Introduction to Project Management. Introduction. Realization of these objectives requires systematic planning and careful implementation. To this effect . INTRODUCTION TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT 2http://www-‐resourceone.info services/us/gbs/bus/pdf/gbe‐usen-‐‐making-‐change-.
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Project Management Institute Overview. Introduction to the Project Management Knowledge Areas Project Start-Up and. Prentice Hall. Introduction to Project. Management. Chapter 1. Introduction. Information Systems Project Management: A Process and Team Approach. Identify project management advantages and disadvantages;. 4. . Source: http:// resourceone.info~/media/pdf/standards/appendixa_pfm3_ashx.
That way, you will be getting reinforcement of the text in a real-world setting. To prepare you for those questions, we introduce the case in some detail.
As you read the case overview, keep in mind that the discussion questions are significant questions. You must understand the case study to be able to answer the discussion questions.
Rest easy, however, because many of the Introduction xxxv questions do not have a single right answer. Many will depend on your interpretation of the case setting.
The trucking industry was depressed, and it was getting harder and harder to stay afloat in a down economy and with major competition able to weather the financial storms. Jack Neift Trucking was a family-owned company, founded in In that year the father, Jack Neift, had started a trucking company with one truck and one client. The company control remained within the family generation after generation down to its present president, Bea Stoveburden.
The company had seen both strong and weak financial times, but because of its ability to adapt quickly to marketing conditions, it remained one of the strongest family-owned companies in the United States. The company was medium-sized, averaging just over trailer units.
Jack Neift Trucking serviced mostly states east of the Mississippi but also had corridors into Texas and Oklahoma. The problem Bea was facing as the president was an old one. Deadheading had been a term used by everyone on the trucking industry, and it was a cause for concern for Jack Neift Trucking.
Deadheading occurs when a truck goes from point to point without a load of cargo. Rick Shaw, the operations director, saw a trend occurring that had more and more deadheading happening as the company concentrated on the Northeast corridor. While it was fairly easy to get loads going from the Midwest to the Northeast, the opposite was not true.
As the deadheading increased, it meant that the assets of the company were underutilized more and more, making the company profit margin dangerously slim.
We need to think of new ways to service our customers and to make us a modern company at the same time. We could help the deadheading situation by knowing quickly if a load was going to a certain point. But we have to respond faster, because the value of money is greater if we can turn it over more quickly than we are doing currently. Bea asked everyone to meet early next morning, at which time she would offer some ideas for further thought and then action.
Morning came and the group ate breakfast together while talking over the problems the company was having. After the plates were cleared, Bea began to describe a vision for the company. But we need to think like a modern one now. Our equipment is good, we keep our drivers a little longer than the industry average, and our customers keep coming back. But we need to be more responsive to our customers and, in turn, help our people be competitive in a highly competitive marketplace.
We need to get information passed between our people. We need to get information from our customers to our people and vice versa. We need to be able to link everyone in the company with others that can help them do their jobs. And we need to link everyone fast, so that information becomes a competitive tool. Here are some points to consider. The next two days were hectic for everyone concerned. Not only did they have their regular jobs to do, but also each of them was thinking of how to articulate the requirements they would have from the standpoint of information.
The other part of the puzzle dealt with how the information was to be passed. The future of the company would depend in large part on framing the scope of the information technology project and beginning to articulate the requirements needed to satisfy current market needs. And it was going to depend on running the project efficiently.
The day came and the IT consultant met with the management team. Bea introduced Laurie Driver, a brilliant designer and consultant. Then each of the management team, and their assistants, described the requirements needed to help Jack Neift Trucking back to the position it was used to.
Dee Livery started. We need to know when the loads will arrive and what time they will be unloaded. This information is our major need at first. We may want to look at a GPS system to get information about loads.
Is this possible, Hy? The costs are possible, but we need to link them to the increased sales effort to counter deadheading. What do you think, Sal? Sal will start putting together a project plan. Should we start? Since the sponsor was completely supportive, they both knew that access to key people would be easily arranged. Sal set up the schedule, Laurie checked off on it, and the first phase of the project began. Because of the sponsor involvement, Laurie was able to gather requirements very efficiently.
The trick with the project was going to be to make sure that the needs of all the stakeholders were met. Eighty working hours later, Laurie and Sal were prepared to make the presentation to the sponsor and stakeholders.
And Bea led the management team into the room. We want you to take care of that.
Effective Project Management, 2nd Edition
Not the inner workings of the system. But the overriding consideration is getting information passed between people working in one location to people working in others. And the information has to come in real time, without delay, or the value of the information is lost. The sales force in the Northeast locations has to know as sales are made in the Midwest.
This information will be input through laptops that the entire sales force will have. As a sale is made, the information will be posted to a server that can either push the information down-line or store it.
The information will be immediately available to several users. The sales department will get the information; the operations department also.
In addition, the head dispatcher and mechanic operations will get the information. This information will also be tracked for the president, and total sales by geographical area will be updated to the minute. All of this will be available on a secure Web site that will have passwords for each of the major users. The risk factors are usually lower, since it has already been out in the marketplace and others have a had a chance to work with it.
So the final application may not fit exactly.
And that little bit of difference can be a huge problem. So there has to be some type of decision on both the cost involved with the two choices, the risks involved with the two choices, and the ease of use of the two choices.
We will contract the coding out to a company that has experience with this type of application, so while it will be specific to Jack Neift Trucking, the production people will have gone through similar projects recently.
This is actually a lot easier, since there are currently several over-the-counter models that we can use. We can give you a project schedule as soon as you say go.
Introduction to Project Management
And for the next two hours the management team asked everything they could think of so that they could clarify the scope of the project and how they were going to be involved. When that finished, Bea asked Laurie and Sal to step outside, and she polled the management team. Do we need more time for this decision? It was a cautious go. Bea called Laurie and Sal back in and gave them the news. The project was about to start. Summary Now you have the relevant background and details of the case that we use throughout the book.
Using these high-level tasks, you are going to walk through the planning of a case from the top down. A good project management discipline will not eliminate all risks, issues and surprises - but it will provide standard processes and procedures to deal with them and help prevent the following:. Project management is all about creating an environment and conditions in which to achieve a particular goal or objective - in a controlled manner with a team of people.
When you're familiar with what project management entails, from the process to mitigating all that can possibly and often does go wrong, you affect the end result - whether you're engaged in a project methodology for the first time or a seasoned pro. Enjoyed this article?
Now read 21 Ways to Excel at Project Management. Project management processes consist of five process groups and a control system used to apply knowledge and skills to a project. This article provides a breakdown of what's involved. This article looks at a simple, practical approach to creating project schedules.
After reading this article, you will have a sound approach to creating schedules that you can use for future projects.
Not sure what skills it takes to become a Project Manager? This article lists the six key skills required to be a successful project manager. Advancing your career in project management requires more than acquiring the right qualifications. Focus on 10 key areas to become a better project manager. We provide an important knowledge base for those involved in managing projects of all kinds. With weekly exclusive updates, we keep you in touch with the latest project management thinking.
Check out our new and improved forums. We've made some changes and would love for you to come over and have a look. The Role of the Project Manager https: All rights reserved. A Case Study.
Previous Article Next Article. Not recorded. With that in mind, here's an overview of all that project management encompasses. Definition A simple definition of project management includes a handful of key premises: Project management is no small task. Project management has a definite beginning and end. It's not a continuous process.
Project management uses various tools to measure accomplishments and track project tasks. Projects frequently need ad-hoc resources rather than dedicated, full-time positions common in organisations. Project management reduces risk and increases the chance of success. Figure 1: The triple constraint In words, the triple constraint has four core elements: Projects must be within cost.
Projects must be delivered on time. Projects must be within scope. It's not a continuous process. Project management uses various tools to measure accomplishments and track project tasks.
Introduction to Project Management
Projects frequently need ad-hoc resources rather than dedicated, full-time positions common in organisations. Project management reduces risk and increases the chance of success. Often, a triangle, commonly called the "triple constraint", is used to summarise project management see Figure 1.
The three most important factors are time, cost and scope. These form the vertices with quality as the central theme. Figure 1: The triple constraint In words, the triple constraint has four core elements: Projects must be within cost. Projects must be delivered on time. Projects must be within scope.
Projects must meet customer quality requirements.The problem is that project management is the hammer and all projects are seen as nails. Good luck with this practical application of what the book discusses! Many organisations today don't employ full-time project managers.
How This Book Is Structured The book consists of three parts organized into 21 chapters, an epilogue, and two appendices. We need to get information passed between our people. Usually the variations are random in nature—for example, a part is delayed, someone is sick, a power failure occurs.
For those who are familiar with the second edition, you will note that Part I in this edition contains essentially the entire second edition.
Now read 21 Ways to Excel at Project Management.
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