INDIAN HISTORY FOR TELUGU PDF
Complete Modern Indian History & Indian National Movement – Study Material / Textbook in Telugu – PDF Free Download – ఆధునిక భారత. Post Tagged with: "indian history telugu medium books pdf free download". Telangana History Model Paper 8. August 11, / Telangana History. Post Tagged with: "ancient indian history in telugu pdf". Telangana History Model Paper 8. August 11, / Telangana History.
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23 నవం Indian History Study material-Download PDF-Telugu భారత దేశ చరిత్ర: ప్రథమ స్వాతంత్య్ర పోరాటం (First War of Indian. Modern indian History in telugu - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. The dedicated engineering portal of resourceone.info presents well- prepared materials for soft skills and interview skills. It provides the.
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He cited twenty grammatical aphorisms ascribed to Kanva, and concluded that Kanva wrote an ancient Telugu Grammar which was lost. Epigraphia Indica Vol. Epigraphia Indica, Vol.
Epigraphia Andhrika, Vol. During the next fifty years, Telugu inscriptions appeared in Anantapuram and other neighbouring regions. Telugu was more influenced by Sanskrit and Prakrit during this period, which corresponded to the advent of Telugu literature. It was also a period of phonetic changes in the spoken language.
The third phase is marked by further stylization and sophistication of the literary languages. During this period the split of the Telugu from Kannada alphabets took place. The Vijayanagara Empire gained dominance from to the late 17th century, reaching its peak during the rule of Krishnadevaraya in the 16th century, when Telugu literature experienced what is considered its Golden Age.
In the latter half of the 17th century, the Mughal Empire extended further south, culminating in the establishment of the Hyderabad State by the dynasty of the Nizam of Hyderabad in This heralded an era of Persian influence on the Telugu language, especially Hyderabad State.
The effect is also evident in the prose of the early 19th century, as in the Kaifiyats.
Literature from this time had a mix of classical and modern traditions and included works by such scholars as Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty , Kandukuri Veeresalingam , Gurazada Apparao , Gidugu Sitapati and Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao. Since the s, what was considered an elite literary form of the Telugu language, has now spread to the common people with the introduction of mass media like movies, television, radio and newspapers.
This form of the language is also taught in schools and colleges as a standard. According to the famous Japanese Historian Noboru Karashima who served as the President of the Epigraphical Society of India in , calculated that there are approximately 10, inscriptions which exist in the Telugu language as of the year making it one of the most densely inscribed languages. Andhra is characterised as having its own mother tongue, and its territory has been equated with the extent of the Telugu language.
The equivalence between the Telugu linguistic sphere and geographical boundaries of Andhra is also brought out in an eleventh century description of Andhra boundaries. Andhra, according to this text, was bounded in north by Mahendra mountain in the modern Ganjam District of Orissa and to the south by Kalahasti temple in Chittor District.
But Andhra extended westwards as far as Srisailam in the Kurnool District, about halfway across the modern state. Page number Telugu place names are present all around Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Common suffixes are ooru, pudi, pedu, peta, patnam, wada, giri, cherla, seema, gudem, palle, palem and palli.
They can also be seen in the border areas of Tamil Nadu. There are three major dialects: Andhra dialect spoken in the coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh, Rayalaseema dialect spoken in the four Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh and finally Telangana dialect, laced with Urdu words, spoken mainly in Telangana.
Waddar , Chenchu , and Manna-Dora are all closely related to Telugu. In Karnataka the dialect sees more influence of Kannada and is a bit different than what is spoken in Andhra region. There are significant populations of Telugu speakers in the eastern districts of Karnataka viz. Bangalore Urban , Bellary , Chikballapur and Kolar.
In Sri Lanka , an ethnic gypsy minority known as the Ahikuntakas otherwise called Kuravars in the Batticaloa district speak a localised dialect in the form of Sri Lanka Gypsy Telugu. Telugu is natively spoken in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and Yanam district of Puducherry. Telugu speaking migrants are also found in the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu , Karnataka , Maharashtra , Odisha , Chhattisgarh , some parts of Jharkhand and the Kharagpur region of West Bengal in India.
In Karnataka , 7. Telugu words generally end in vowels. In Old Telugu, this was absolute; in the modern language m, n, y, w may end a word. Atypically for a Dravidian language, voiced consonants were distinctive even in the oldest recorded form of the language.
Sanskrit loans have introduced aspirated and murmured consonants as well. Telugu does not have contrastive stress , and speakers vary on where they perceive stress. Most place it on the penultimate or final syllable, depending on word and vowel length. Telugu features a form of vowel harmony wherein the second vowel in disyllabic noun and adjective roots alters according to whether the first vowel is tense or lax.
Telugu has two diphthongs: The table below lists the consonantal phonemes of Telugu. This sentence can also be interpreted as 'Rama will go to school', depending on the context, but it does not affect the SOV order.
Telugu nouns are inflected for number singular, plural , gender masculine, feminine, and neuter and case nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, vocative, instrumental, and locative. Telugu has three genders: Telugu pronouns include personal pronouns the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about ; indefinite pronouns; relative pronouns connecting parts of sentences ; and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in which the object of a verb is acted on by the verb's subject.
The nominative case karta , the object of a verb karma , and the verb are somewhat in a sequence in Telugu sentence construction. Sanskrit influenced Telugu for about years; however, there is evidence that suggests an older influence. Telugu absorbed tatsama s from Sanskrit. The vocabulary of Telugu, especially in Telangana , has a trove of Persian—Arabic borrowings, which have been modified to fit Telugu phonology. This was due to centuries of Turkic rule in these regions, such as the erstwhile kingdoms of Golkonda and Hyderabad e.
Modern Telugu vocabulary can be said to constitute a diglossia because the formal, standardised version of the language is either lexically Sanskrit or heavily influenced by Sanskrit, is taught in schools, and is used by the government and Hindu religious institutions.
However, everyday Telugu varies depending upon region.
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The Telugu script is an abugida consisting of 60 symbols — 16 vowels, 3 vowel modifiers, and 41 consonants. Telugu has a complete set of letters that follow a system to express sounds. The script is derived from the Brahmi script like those of many other Indian languages. The script is syllabic in nature—the basic units of writing are syllables.
Since the number of possible syllables is very large, syllables are composed of more basic units such as vowels " acchu " or " swaram " and consonants " hallu " or " vyanjanam ". Consonants in consonant clusters take shapes that are very different from the shapes they take elsewhere. Consonants are presumed pure consonants, that is, without any vowel sound in them. However, it is traditional to write and read consonants with an implied 'a' vowel sound.
However, in modern times, English punctuation commas, semicolon, etc. Their pronunciation is similar to the 's' sound in the word treasure i. These are some examples of combining a consonant with different vowels. Telugu has ten digits employed with the Hindu—Arabic numeral system. However, in modern usage, the Arabic numerals have replaced them. Telugu is assigned Unicode codepoints: In the earliest period Telugu literature existed in the form of inscriptions, precisely from CE onward.
Historically, Vemulawada was a Jain knowledge hub and played a significant role in patronizing Jain literature and poets. Parabrahma Sastry, Nidadavolu Venkata Rao.
P Sastry also points out that many Jain works could have been destroyed. Historical rivalry among Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism is well known. This is the period of Kavi Trayam or Trinity of Poets.
The indigenous language of Andhra was independent of Sanskrit, says the author
Nannaya Bhattarakudu's Telugu: Nannaya was the first to establish a formal grammar of written Telugu. Tikkana Somayaji — CE: He mimics Nannaya's style in the beginning, slowly changes tempo and finishes the chapter in the writing style of Tikkana. These three writers — Nannaya, Tikanna and Yerrapragada — are known as the Kavitraya "three great poets" of Telugu. Many scientific[relevant? Sumati Shatakam, which is a neeti "moral" , is one of the most famous Telugu Shatakams. According to many literary critics[who?
He was also known as Bhadra Bhupala. Brown rendered it in English in the s. Palkuriki Somanatha: Important among his Telugu language writings are the Basava Purana, Panditaradhya charitra, Malamadevipuranamu and Somanatha Stava—in dwipada metre "couplets" ; Anubhavasara, Chennamallu Sisamalu, Vrishadhipa Shataka and Cheturvedasara—in verses; Basavodharana in verses and ragale metre rhymed couplets in blank verse ; and the Basavaragada.
Gona Budda Reddy: His Ranganatha Ramayanam was a pioneering work in the Telugu language on the theme of the Ramayana epic. Most scholars believe he wrote it between and A. The work has become part of cultural life in Andhra Pradesh and is used in puppet shows. In the Telugu literature Tikkana was given agraasana top position by many famous critics.
Paravastu Chinnayya Soori — is a well-known Telugu writer who dedicated his entire life to the progress and promotion of Telugu language and literature. Sri Chinnayasoori wrote the Bala Vyakaranam in a new style after doing extensive research on Telugu grammar.However, everyday Telugu varies depending upon region.
Telugu is the official language used in Andhra Pradesh, the largest state in South India. What is God like? Telugu nouns are inflected for number singular, plural , gender masculine, feminine, and neuter and case nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, vocative, instrumental, and locative. The period when the dynasty ruled was - AD.
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