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Sunday, October 20, 2019


This month, we examine what's changed (and what hasn't) for India's ruling party, the BJP, between its landslide victory in and this spring's elections. The Diplomat is a current-affairs magazine for the Asia-Pacific, with news and analysis on politics, security, business, technology and life across the region. Please click the images below to open its PDF versions. By and For Diplomats. We are the very first diplomatic magazine in the Netherlands' History, founded on .


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See more of The Diplomat Magazine on Facebook. Log In. Forgot account? Not Now. Community See All. About See All. Page Transparency See More. To avoid loss of face, the Japanese took over the meeting but not after first besieging and berating the delegation of the USA which was seen as a major roadblock to reaching agreement. Eventually, an agreement was reached.

An agreement which was not bad at all. An agreement with which all kinds of tools for disaster risk reduction can be developed and implemented. But the conclusion after Sendai was also this: Do not merely share the final product of these summits with the world but tell them how the agreement was reached, where the pitfalls were and how the problems were overcome.

Tell the world about the many hours, the many stressful moments and the advanced skill levels that are needed to reach an agreement amid disagreement.

Consider hiring completely independent chairs for these meetings, international people who are very experienced as crisis managers. Do involve the host-nation as soon as possible in co-determining what the desired impact of the meeting will be. With these suggestions, the world will never wonder what the fuss was all about and will never consider these summits as mini-holidays for well-paid diplomats.

And the benefits for the diplomatic community? They have all distributed videos on Ustream, a broadcasting application tool and one of the many Hungarian startups.

Since the establishment of startups as LogMeIn in , Ustream in and Prezi in , Hungary, and especially the city of Budapest, is growing into one of the most important and vibrant startup centres of Europe. Prezi, an online presentation programme, has over 50 million users worldwide and still attracts Next to its first office in Budapest, which employs over people, it also has an office in San Francisco.

Ustream is a platform to share videos and is used by broadcasters all around the world. It has 30 million active users and 80 million people who view Ustream videos worldwide. LogMeIn, a remote control application for accessing computers, also began its journey in Budapest and has now offices in, among others, Australia, the US, the UK and Ireland as well. These offices employ over 1, people worldwide. There are several reasons for the fact that Budapest has been growing substantially as a new vibrant centre for startups and creative industries.

First of all, there is an abundance of qualified personnel available in Budapest and since the city is located at the heart of Europe, it also attracts foreign talent. In addition, the Hungarian government supports the startup culture in Hungary and has allocated million euros to back these startup companies over the next six years. A vibrant and innovative startup culture is not only of importance for Hungary, but also for Europe in general; innovation is a great incentive for economic growth.

The aim of this programme is to connect the startup culture in Amsterdam with the rest of the Netherlands and with Europe in order to create a strong and innovative European startup system. Here there lies a lot of potential for close European cooperation and the Embassy of Hungary in The Hague is looking forward to contributing to this. Connectivity has been the unremitting pursuit of human society since ancient times. The Silk Road and Maritime Silk Road closely connected Asia and Europe long time ago, on which many travellers, navigators and explorers, as well as camel teams and fleets with different kinds of commodities busied to and fro.

Thanks to these two roads, Asia and Europe learned from each other and promoted their respective prosperity through exchanges.

Today, unprecedented interdependence among countries further highlights the importance of connectivity. This Initiative links Asian-Pacific Region and Europe, sponsors for peaceful development, win-win cooperation, openness and inclusiveness. It is delighted to note that momentum between Asia and Europe for connectivity.

In , a threedimensional network of interconnection and communication has been strengthened through Connecting Europe Facility program. Recently, the APEC Connectivity Blueprint has been endorsed in Beijing, which set an vision of achieving a seamless and comprehensively connectivity in At the same time, connectivity is getting an increasingly wide support. The train took Christmas gifts from China to Europe and brought back Spanish red wine, olive oil and other European products, which enriched the New Year menu for the Chinese people.

All of these manifest that the One Belt and One Road Initiative is contributing to the connectivity of culture, personnel and trade among relevant countries, and bringing true benefits to people.

China is ready to further expand its opening up and share opportunities of development for mutual benefits, and become as supporter, builder and beneficiary of the One Belt and One Road Initiative together with interested countries.

As long as China and the EU continue their cooperation in infrastructure construction, regulation coordination and personnel exchange, comprehensive connectivity and common market of Asia-Europe will be realized definitely. It will also deepen the China-EU partnership of peace, growth, reform and civilization. Asian and European countries, like the lights at night, will always be shining and flaming with further promotion of connectivity.

Sensing my absorbed meditating mood, my wife, on her arrival at the Schiphol Airport recently, threw out a religious challenge: What sounds like a light-hearted query lead us to a formidable discussion on how I tend to see my tenure in the Netherlands as nothing short of a water pilgrimage. To make my point on how the Netherlands remained so dry amidst all these water, I offered her a romantic plot. So we were on a joy ride, in a boat, if she were to arrive in Bangladesh, instead of the Netherlands.

When my first ever Ambassadorial assignment landed me in the Netherlands in March , I think it also gave me an opportunity to do something immediate and practical about my old obsessions-how could we remain afloat in Bangladesh even if we go under water?

What is the way out? I came to believe that there is a sacredness in Dutch water. It was never a mark of weakness, but of power. What was their weakness, the Dutch turned it into an overwhelming reservoir of expertise and resilience. When we talk about resilience, the world came to witness, the people of Bangladesh are no less endowed with their ability to bounce back. Among its immediate neighbours, Bangladesh has the highest life expectancy But it remained trapped to its geography.

As I make my slow pilgrimage through the watery landscape of the Netherlands, a sense of awe and mystery seems to gather and grow. The process of my transformation came to a head with my discovery of water being at the front and centre of whatever they do here in the Netherlands.

It is next to impossible leaving a gathering of even three to four professionals in the Netherlands without meeting a water expert. It is located on an active sedimentary basin and the intricate network of alluvial rivers that carries an average quantity of 0.

More or less like the Netherlands, Bangladesh is also a floodplain. The altitude normally does not exceed 11 m above the sea level. To make it even more challenging than the Netherlands, Bangladesh houses 57 cross-boundary rivers, of which 54 are shared with India and the remaining three with Myanmar. Bangladesh is the common lower riparian of all these trans-boundary rivers.

The combined discharge of water from the GBM rivers is second only to that of the river Amazon. Defending against floods from such a massive network of cross boundary rivers requires a regional framework in the Himalayan basin area which is not there yet.

Hopefully, countries in the Himalayan basin will, someday, take a page from the European networks of cooperation in the water sector to develop a basin wide framework for water cooperation. As amazing as it may sound, some sources suggest that there were primitive flood defences in what is now the Netherlands as far back as BC. Windmills, for which the country is famous, have been helping to pump water off the land for more than half a millennium.

Therefore, it is no wonder that the Netherlands, with almost half of her population living below the sea level, remained floodproof. They learned how to protect against flooding and developed a sophisticated system of almost 3, kilometres of flood defences, including earthen levees along the main rivers as well as sand dunes, coastal dikes and five major coastal protection works and storm surge barriers along the coast.

The first component is a primary sea defence system constructed as a system of closure works and Storm Surge Barriers in the tidal inlets. It is connected by a system of natural dunes and man-made sea dikes that are capable of withstanding 1 in 10, year flood events. Now they embarked on a plan to make more room for waters as a part of their Delta plan.

More than flood proofing, what I would personally like to see in Bangladesh is the inculcation of the Dutch way of thinking where disaster avoidance generally takes precedence over disaster relief. To the credit of our thousands of innovative people, Bangladesh is globally known for its excellent post disaster management skill.

But working to avoid disaster is completely different from working after a disaster. This is what I long to learn as I continue this pilgrimage for the rest of my tenure!

Hartelijk bedankt, Nederlandse vrienden! Henry Arvidsson.

Frontiers fix the boundaries of countries, divide people and create national compartments, a fact reflected in maps and territories, but, people have always and even more so in the enlarged communitarian space, moved easily because emigration is, essentially, moving. A change of house, scenery, work and country is, in most cases, based on a wish to improve conditions of life and family.

More than fifty years ago, on the 22nd of November , The Convention between the Netherlands and the Portuguese Republic was signed in Lisbon regarding emigration, recruitment and the outplacement of Portuguese workers in the Netherlands. Others came for political reasons, mainly students, who refused to fight in the colonial war, finding more support and tolerance in this society. But we have to go further back in History to see that already in the 17th century the first Portuguese Jewish emigrants sought refuge in the Republic of the Netherlands for religious reasons.

They found refuge in Amsterdam where they built the famous Portuguese Synagogue, a well preserved universal monument. In the 20th century, after the First World War, Holland felt the need of more workmanship, especially in the areas of agriculture and fishery.

Most Portuguese emigrants therefore moved to this country and continued to do so until the beginning of World War II. The end of this destructive period marked the renewed recruitment of foreign workmanship, this time mostly for the primary sector and the mining industry.

The injection of capital provided by the Marshall Plan stimulated the secondary sector, specifically the electro domestic, car, aeronautic and petrochemical industries.

After the Revolution of April , the statistics indicated Portuguese people working and living in the Netherlands, a number that grew higher together with the negotiations about the adhesion of Portugal to the European Communities.

The Dutch Foreigners Law made it possible that many of our compatriots adopted the Dutch nationality, also were there more mixed marriages and children born from these mixtures who were registered as Dutch citizens however, many of them were registered at the Consulate-General of Rotterdam.

This important increase of Portuguese initiated a considerable movement of associative activities. It would be interesting to study and describe this process in order to understand how they came to conquer the statute they have nowadays. The Federation of the Portuguese Community in the Netherlands, founded in the ies of the former century decided to celebrate the 50th anniversary of this way of living that changed the lives of many Dutch and Portuguese people, of whom many still live here with their descendants or return because their homesick of the country that once received them.

If we want to have a fruitful future, besides the past that. The European economic crisis that started in and its effects on Portuguese society are felt in a way that a lot of young people emigrate because they cannot find employment in their home country.

I have just described briefly, this common way of being Portuguese has to be based on plurality, tolerance and an imaginative belief that is attractive for new generations.

This is how Portuguese people will remain an important component in the economic development and social wellbeing of Dutch society that welcomed them and has grown with their daily work. By His Excellency Mr. Ole E. Moesby, Danish Ambassador to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Antim Wijnaendts van Resandt. As the ambassador I was very delighted to accompany the Royal Couple during the state visit.

Denmark and the Netherlands have strong ties, marked by a like-minded culture, extensive people-to-people links and a vibrant trade and investment cooperation. Both countries strive for an open and plural society, with a strong political engagement. And both participate actively in the discussion about creating green solutions to ensure the best chance for a cleaner and greener future for our planet. In that regard the state visit focused of exchange experiences concerning the green innovative growth agency.

The importance of exchanging experiences in the area of green innovative growth is an essential driver for economic growth and improvement. We want to promote the sharing of knowledge and experiences and facilitate investment; and both countries wish to develop expert knowledge in the areas of research, technology and environmental standards.

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The Danish energy policy is clear: It is the first island in the world to be completely powered by renewable energy. Widely known, it is a significant international showcase for Danish energy technology.

It has amassed a great deal of specific experiences with the implementation of a broad variety of local renewable energy projects, from wind turbines to CO2 neutral district heating plants, rapeseed oil tractors and solar energy panels.

It was a very captivating experience to visit the island together with the Royal Couple. Meijer is in fact Dutch and he is two a large extend the personification of the like-mindedness between our two countries. What fascinated me most of all during the visit was the local interest in becoming a green model society this participation clearly affects the success of the project.

With great determination and pride Panama has made all efforts necessary for the success of the VII Summit of the Americas, on April the 10th and 11th, and due to concerns about our region, since the very beginning proposed as the main theme: This Summit is framed by the valuable exchange of views and the discussions on regional topics based on the eight themes that supported the main program of the meeting: Panama welcomes all participants in a friendly environment to share the concern about the difficulties that involve the countries of our hemisphere in diverse aspects, as well as the great challenges that require a common strategy, aiming to achieve the main goal: Prior and parallel to the official program of the Summit of the Americas, several pre-Conference events have been organized to take place, including four major events to strengthen the process of the presidential meeting such as the Business Forum, the Youth Forum of the Americas, the Forum of Civil Society and Rectors Forum, held for the first time as an innovative high level dialogue in Panama.

The First Forum of Rectors represent the space in which authorities of the foremost centers of highest education in the continent can present their points of view and recommendations on prosperity. With great enthusiasm, Panama has been totally committed to working hard and offer the appropriate conditions for a fruitful dialogue in order to promote respect for our diversity as societies and the will of looking forward for understanding through consensus, sending a strong message that all efforts should be deployed for deep hemispheric consolidation.

In terms of foreign policy, Panama has worked hard to promote the convergence, building bridges between nations, approaching positions and making efforts to strengthen the principles of international peace and security, returning to the historical vocation of seeking reconciliation and promoting the tools that enable the implementation of an effective and practical diplomacy.

Thus, Panama offers comparative advantages to the world including all the services that have developed around our privileged geographical position, the Panama Canal has expanded as a strategic point between the logistics and multimodal platform which is available for international trade, with last generation ports in both sides of the country,. It has also facilitated our air platform through the Hub of the Americas which is located in Panama City and connecting all the main cities and countries of the hemisphere with convenient flight schedules that gives the business, tourists and cargo a parallel connectivity al around the world.

The legal stability remains the strength of commercial transactions, with incentives for multinational enterprises and creating sustained growth.

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We see a prosperous future ahead for this five-year period, with the optimism of the hard work of the Panamanian people, at the same time it is expected that our neighbors and friends undertake joint efforts to identify opportunities that can generate benefits for the people of the Americas, with the determination to increase cooperation and strengthen common values that can create an impact in our region.

Embassy of Mexico to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Such summits are held every three years to discuss inter-American economic, social or political issues since We should all benefit from the potential a. Civil society, the technical community, think tanks and academia will also be encouraged. An annual high level meeting amongst members of the GFCE will evaluate progress made and discuss and formulate requirements as well as best practices in cyber capacity building.

Where can you obtain Italian gastronomy products, Where can you obtain Italian gastronomy products, and export them to anywhere you wish and export them to anywhere you wish worldwide? ViaVia thethe Netherlands is the fastest andand most reliable Netherlands is the fastest most reliable due to its infrastructure. Contact Fabio Cappellano at at Qualitalia — we take care of of Contact Fabio Cappellano Qualitalia — we take care thethe rest, satisfaction guaranteed.

Eberhard Laue, Aspect Media. All know that the famous building, which is only a few hundred meters away from the Embassy of Kosovo, is the seat of the International Court of Justice ICJ , the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Fewer are aware of its particular significance for the Republic of Kosovo.

Serbia had as part of its policy to deny freedom to Kosovo initiated the request by the UNGA to obtain the opinion from the International Court of Justice in the first place.

Ten judges had the opinion that Kosovo had every right to declare unilaterally its independence. Only four judges saw the case differently.

The ICJ concluded that resolution 1, was adopted for humanitarian purposes, stabilization and reconstruction; to supersede the Serbian legal order; and to set up only a temporary, interim regime. The judges determined that the resolution 1, did not prohibit a declaration of independence; that the authors represented the people of Kosovo and were outside the UN framework.

Kosovo made a binding commitment to fully implement the Ahtisaari Plan and welcomed a period of international supervision. The supervision ended on 12 September Although not legally binding - the statement did not represent a judgment - the ICJ opinion had politically a major impact on the recognition by other countries as it closed the issue of legitimacy of the Declaration of Independence in the context of international law.

Many concluded that the existence of the state of Kosovo cannot be ignored as it is based on the right of self-determination. Independent Kosovo became the seventh independent state emerging from the broken Yugoslavia. The Republic of Kosovo is committed to deepening the cooperation with neighboring countries and further integration into regional and international organizations and also Europe.

Mexico is a great country. It is a stable democracy with regular federal, state and municipal elections and respect of human rights. In geographical extension Mexico is number 14 in the world with coastlines on two oceans and a great biodiversity; the country has a majority young population, reflecting a hardworking, studious and dynamic social environment that share family and friendship values, making them a competitive labour force.

Cultural diversity is part of our History. Today, Mexico is the result of an encounter of two worlds, as a highly respected historian said, based on the existence of indigenous population living in its territory before the arrival of the Spaniards in the early Sixteenth Century that mixed with the culture they brought from Europe.

For decades Mexico has had an open economy with a significant presence of domestic and foreign private investment. We have signed free trade, promotion and protection of investment agreements with more than 40 countries. The output of the country is based in a broadly diversified manufacture sector, including high-tech products aerospace, automotive ; agroindustry and commodities; energy and mining; infrastructure and a broad scope of services.

Mexico has a consistent and solid macroeconomic stability with a reduced deficit, public debt under control, low inflation and strong international reserves. The President, with the support of the vast majority of the political forces represented in Congress, enacted several structural reforms.

Others are focused on extending.

Internationally, Mexico is a country of multiple belongings. Geographically we are located in North America and most of our trade, investments and migration is with the United States and Canada; but we are culturally Latin American with a very close relationship with Central and South America and the Caribbean; historically we have strategic relations with the Atlantic countries and we are developing intense relations with the Pacific Basin countries. These structural reforms will tackle inequality and poverty and will promote growth, employment and social security.

Historically, Mexico and the Netherlands have sustained good international relations. The Netherlands was among the first countries to recognize the Independence of Mexico from Spain.

In both countries signed a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce.

Today, both countries participate in several multilateral fora climate change, disarmament and nonproliferation, human rights and in several international organizations of the UN System; the courts of international justice located in The Hague, OPCW and OECD just to mention a few. For almost a century some Dutch companies have been in Mexico doing business. On the other hand, Mexican firms are now investing in the Netherlands telecommunications, food and beverages, infrastructure and several Mexican products can be bought in Dutch stores.

Heineken just announced an important new investment in the State of Chihuahua in the North part of Mexico where the company will build a new brewery. Agribusiness is another good example of the projects that are carried out together. Wageningen University is implementing several agropark projects that could benefit the producers in Mexico and will make more efficient the commercialization of their products. Mexico has an important Embassy in The Hague.

It is a medium size dual diplomatic representation: It is important to point out that the Embassy of Mexico in the Netherlands is in permanent coordination with the Dutch Embassy in Mexico City to develop and follow up different programs between the two countries. PROMEXICO, a federal government agency responsible for supporting the exportation of Mexican products and coordinating the attraction of foreign investments to Mexico has a permanent office of representation at the Embassy in The Hague.

The business community can take advantage of these professional services of information, advice and match making. Mexico is also a country of unique beauty. The large influx of visitors can enjoy the traditional Mexican hospitality, wonderful weather and delicious food. In addition to unique beaches, there is also a wealth of archaeological sites and colonial cities, with the ever presence of spectacular museums and all kinds of artistic expressions. You can see the multiple options for traveling to Mexico in www.

European tourists do not require a visa to travel to Mexico. Mexico has also four Honorary Consuls in the Netherlands that help us in the promotion of business with Mexico. All of them are distinguished Dutch citizens with experience in trade and investments and an extended professional background. Mexico is one of the most competitive countries for productive investment. The business community in the Netherlands is invited to look at the changes that are taking place in Mexico, to invest and trade with a country where you will find a robust domestic market and a strategic geographical location.

But most important, visit Mexico and enjoy amazing places that you will always remember. The Dutch — Mexican Investment Council DMIC is a recent informal group that holds together companies with presence in Mexico or with the intention of doing business in Mexico , in order to exchange experiences, ideas and projects.

There is a Mexican community in the Netherlands. Very often you will find lovely babies in the premises of the beautiful building of the Embassy whose parents are requesting birth certificates or new passports; usually the mother is Mexican and the father Dutch.

There are also young Mexican professionals working in Dutch firms, especially in the ones that have investments in Mexico or Mexican stock. Education is another good example of the interaction between both countries.

NUFFIC has an office in Mexico, promoting the presence of Mexicans in Dutch universities studying a variety of programs from engineering to performing arts. The Netherlands is now a good opportunity for Mexicans to study abroad. Under the direction of President H. Announcing as the Year of Innovation comes to support federal government efforts, attract national skills, increase distinguished research, as well as boost efforts to build a national cadre who are able to lead our future in this field towards more progress, prosperity and innovation.

The strategy aims to make the Emirates the most innovative country in the world by Focusing on seven sectors of the economy - renewable energy, transport, education, health, technology, water and space - the National Innovation Strategy involves 30 initiatives to be completed within three years, including new legislation, innovation incubators, investment in specialized skills, private-sector incentives, international research partnerships, and an innovation drive within the government.

After launching the strategy last year, H. We want our public and private sectors to explore new horizons to develop our economy. Innovation is our only way to build a great history of the UAE.

The future will be for those who adopt innovation. Even so, under the new initiative, spending on innovation will increase significantly. This may seem ambitious, but that is nothing new for a nation renowned for its daring projects and home to the richest city in the world, Abu Dhabi.

Khalifa Tower, the tallest skyscraper in the world, Ski Dubai, a state-of-the-art indoor ski slope, the man-made Palm Islands and World Islands, Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, and other spectacular structures. Yet the leadership of the UAE is well aware of the unsustainability of depending on one source of national income. With the infrastructure and urban environments now largely completed, the UAE has developed the Vision plan to diversify the economy by through expansion of a number of new industries.

Our target is to be among the most innovative nations in the world. To develop the country, the UAE has spent billions of dollars from oil income on infrastructure. The focus on cultivating innovation - the ability to achieve change that creates a new dimension of performance - is meant to support this economic diversification, and cultural barriers to innovation, such as fear of failure and an aversion to taking risks, are starting to diminish in the UAE. Another essential element of an innovative ecosystem is fostering and supporting these young entrepreneurs, accomplished in the UAE via more than 10 incubators and accelerators, a substantial increase from.

These incubators and accelerators offer a variety of mentorship and business support services for UAE nationals and immigrants alike. SeedStartup, for example, brings international start-ups to a three-month acceleration programme held in Dubai.

The government has undertaken many initiatives to support the funding of innovation. Meanwhile, the government continues to revise economic policies and the institutional framework to empower the private sector and to strengthen foreign investment.

The establishment of free zones specially tailored for innovation-based companies that invest heavily in research and development activities in both the public and private sectors is a vital step in fostering innovation goal attracting SMEs from all over the world.

In our pursuit of international partnerships in support of innovation, the UAE Embassy in The Hague works with our Dutch counterpart to strengthen our ties and explore every possibility for collaboration.

For , we are exploring ways to increase our cooperation. The Netherlands is renowned for its educational institutes that focus on innovation, such as Wageningen University and TU Delft.

To learn from their experience and reputable research, we invite the possibility for future collaboration in pursuit of innovation in the sectors of agriculture, technology and technological research with these institutes. In addition, we are working with multiple Dutch ministries and institutes to reach out to Dutch SMEs to explore benefits and accessibility to the UAE market.

We are determined not to leave any stone unturned as we explore possibilities for innovation in all sectors and we will continue to work with our Dutch and other international partners to achieve this goal. Dutch- Tunisian entrepreneurs, as well as some Ambassadors attended the seminar. The welcome address was delivered by Mr. Madame Amel Azzouz, Secretary of State for Investment and International Cooperation, delivered an animated and convincing keynote address.

In his address Mr. A new code for investment is expected to be published as well as the restructuring of public banks. At the end of the successful seminar, an expert panel consisting of representatives of: Photography Ambassador: Jeanette Somocurcio. Landscape of Arequipa: Having recently arrived in The Hague, people often ask me how I feel. I usually respond: Perhaps I should be a little more explicit. We Arequipeans tend to be insufferably proud. More so since one of our most illustrious fellow countrymen, Mario Vargas Llosa, was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature.

We pass the time relating everything to our land, manifesting a very particular and regional pre-Copernican view of the world. That said, it seems especially disconcerting to compare The Hague and Arequipa.

A horizontal landscape in permanent dialogue with the sea contrasting with a city built in the middle of the desert, hoisted to an altitude of nearly 2, meters, and surrounded by volcanoes that reach 6, meters.

A climate marked by rain and humidity in contrast with blue sky and intense aridity the greater part of the year.

Nevertheless, the resulting populations are similar. Austere, hardworking people who were forced to, and did, confront the challenges of nature. Paradoxically, a profusion of artists, category of the population known to be engaged in activities of dubious practicality, without which life would be painful if not unbearable.

And, above all, the rule of Law. When one settles into a bench in the Plaza de Armas of Arequipa, at midday, the bright sun forces you to squint. That said, looking with your eyes half closed makes your vision more acute.

The forms and the shadows acquire clearly defined shapes and borders. Reality is clearer. This implies that the concepts become clearer as well. I like to imagine that it is as a result of this that among the Pleiades of illustrious men produced by the city; there are mathematicians and scientists of the highest caliber along with watercolorists and more than a few caricaturists.

The city is the official seat of the Constitutional Tribunal of Peru, and 3 of its 7 members including their President are originally from Arequipa. I can speculate about the reasons for this similar to and at the same time different from Arequipa: Looking at the situation more objectively it is obvious that a people engaged in commercial relations around the world need a method to resolve disputes.

The result is that the iconic image of this city is the Peace Palace, the seat of the International Court of Justice. In any case, in Peru, today, The Hague has gained a permanent place in the collective imaginary as source of justice in the world after the judgement of the International court of Justice on January 27th, which resolved in a definitive and peaceful manner our maritime dispute with Chile.

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A fortunate and promising sign of the times. When, shortly after taking up my post, I visited the then President of the International Court of Justice, the Slovaque jurist Peter Tomka, I presented him with a Peruvian publication commemorating the judgement of January 27th. In one of the photographs, the imposing figure of Tomka reading this ICJ decision from a giant screen in the Plaza de Armas of Lima is watched by an expectant multitude as though it were a World Cup football match. Tomka was impressed and amused by the image.

He mentioned it anecdotally in a later public event. Following our meeting, he had the courtesy to offer me a guided tour of some of the halls in the Peace Palace. Internationally Ambitious A modern approach to study that inspires independent learning - helping every student open the door to an exciting and fulfilling future.

Retno L. P Marsudi. Bot referred to Ambassador Marsudi as: Bot dwelled on the centuries old historical ties between the Netherlands, the former colonial power and independent Indonesia. On February Ambassador Buddhi K. He has held many prestigious positions in various multinational organizations while representing his country in the Netherlands.

It currently enjoys over 5, supporters in 16 countries. On January, His Excellency Dr. Prior to being appointed as Ambassador, Dr. This year marks the 28th anniversary of his distinguished career in Thai Diplomatic Service, which began in the Department of Political Affairs in Cambodia v. Thailand before the International Court of Justice. Although Ambassador Plasai will be leaving the Netherlands soon, his calm, generous and creative personality will certainly be missed.

Many friends and acquaintances attended a party to say farewell to Eugenio Matos, Minister Counsellor of the Dominican Republic, a wonderful personality who all agree made a significant contribution to the diplomatic community of The Hague. Eugenio Matos has been a key driving force behind the scenes at Diplomat Magazine, overseeing the creation of the project from its humble beginnings with a handful of volunteers in , to the supervision of the first published paper edition.

Are there also perverse incentives in foreign policy? How large is the risk that such a crisis will happen again as long as bankers are supposed to promote public interests, but are paid for promoting private interests? I share this mentality with the readers and creators of Diplomat Magazine.

I am convinced that meeting people from a different culture opens up opportunities. Of course, I will not deny that there are tensions between countries, religions and population groups. But the answer is not to retreat into your own community and close yourself off to the world.

That would mean doing yourself and others an injustice. In the Peace Palace, people are working to solve international issues relating to peace and justice days a year. If you ask people of The Hague to name a city icon, I will wager that many will mention the Peace Palace.

The Hague is proud of its status and increasingly communicates this to the wider world. The Catshuis is just opposite it. Our Prime Minister Mark Rutte could use it as his official residence, but it is mainly used for top-level consultations in national politics. During the NSS, the leaders of the six most powerful countries needed to consult with each other.

The Hague was ready and waiting: the Catshuis was made available as a platform for the world leaders. Of course, on the basis of your own qualities. We have found these qualities in The Hague. Increasingly, The Hague as an international city is becoming the driving force for its economic development. This realisation is beginning to penetrate the very fibres of the city. I recently heard a taxi driver talk of his pleasure in meeting international visitors at Rotterdam The Hague Airport.

The taxi ride often is their first introduction to the city. The taxi driver enjoys pointing out the buildings and green areas of The Hague to guests. Photography: Femke Schoots. He was convinced that war could be eliminated if states would henceforth submit their conflicts to international arbitration and so best contribute to the universal desire for a better world.

In fact, the Peace Palace was in the first place built towards that purpose. The Permanent Court of Arbitration meanwhile has gone through an encouraging development with an impressive load of new cases every year. This fortunate situation was of course not created from one day to another. It was the result of a long and arduous process aimed at becoming the world center of activities in the field of international law.

On August 28, we celebrated years of These efforts were initiated as early as the Peace Palace, this time in the presence of during the First International Peace Conference. These two Conferences led Ki-moon. This celebration once again sent a clear signal that we to the foundation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration followed will continue to work towards a world without violent conflicts by by the Permanent Court of International Justice PCIJ in The means of mediation, arbitration and international jurisdiction.

I should houses today. Many agreements symbolizes the embodiment of this ambition. It was inaugurated touching on subjects of everyday concern have been negotiated and on August 28, in the presence of then Queen Wilhelmina concluded here. The Peace Palace Library has grown into a world renowned institution and is one of the most outstanding libraries in its field.

It is famous for its summer courses. As a student, many years ago, I profited greatly from these courses and from the friendships made during that period. Another consequence of these developments is the growing number of diplomatic missions The Hague has managed to attract.

This has permitted third states to follow the proceedings in the many legal institutions and courts on a day-to-day basis.

Among members of the diplomatic staff one often counts highly qualified lawyers and judges who, as young students, attended The Hague Academy of International Law. Does all this mean that the Peace Palace can rest on its laurels? By no means. Competition from other countries and cities, in Europe as well as Asia, stimulates us to explore new avenues and not merely consolidate what has been created so far. In this context I can only repeat what I wrote on the occasion of the years celebration.

We should all benefit from the potential a free, open and secure internet has to offer. The GFCE is a pragmatic, action-oriented and flexible platform for policymakers, practitioners and experts from different countries and regions. Goal is to share experiences, identify gaps in global cyber capacities, and to complement existing efforts in capacity building. Still we need to learn and improve. In the GFCE we will share our experiences and learn from participating nations and non-state actors.

All will benefit from getting the knowledge and best-practices together in one platform. Cyberspace will get better with this initiative, paving the way for further international cooperation. Civil society, the technical community, think tanks and academia will also be encouraged to be involved in the GFCE, contributing to the development of best practices, sharing of knowledge and advising on capacity building efforts. The four focus areas of the GFCE are: cybersecurity, cybercrime, data protection and e-governance.

An annual high level meeting amongst members of GFCE will evaluate the G progress made and discuss and formulate requirements as well as best practices in cyber capacity building. The city of The Hague warmly supports the establishment of the GFCE, which further strengthens the role of The Hague as a central hub for cyber organizations.

Photography: Barbra de Niet. Would you have ever guessed that a Ministry of Foreign Affairs works on issues such as maternal mortality and sexuality education?

I certainly did not when I applied for diplomatic service. But whilst working as a diplomat in different countries in Asia, Sub-Sahara Africa and Latin America I came to understand how important it is that people, especially adolescents, can make informed decisions and have access to services when it comes to love, sexual relationships and pregnancy.

In order to progress on these four goals we work with a variety of different actors; multilateral organizations, governments, civil-society organizations, companies and faith-based organizations. I think in this work it is crucial to recognize that there is no right or wrong. As a diplomat, I learned that to work effectively with others you have to be able to listen, to find a common language and to treat diverging views with respect. And to share what you are proud of: in my case the Dutch experiences with SRHR, resulting in one of the lowest rates of teenage pregnancies and abortions in the world.

The Netherlands won the bid for this great event, which will bring more than 20, people to the Netherlands to discuss the future of the AIDS epidemic, including world leaders, pop stars and VIPs. The conference is a platform and an instrument. It cements our political commitment to women and girls in Southern Africa, who are especially vulnerable to HIV.

The same applies to the status of key populations, such as sexual minorities, who primarily live in middle-income countries. Central Asia, even face an increase in new infections, especially among key populations. Worldwide, adolescents are the only group amongst whom AIDS-related deaths are not declining and just one in four infected children and adolescents under the age of 15 years has access to lifesaving antiretroviral treatment.

The vulnerability of young girls and key populations has been on the Dutch agenda for some time. Conclusions at the end of the day were ambivalent. Positive in the respect that the number of deaths has been greatly reduced, thanks to medication, education, testing and condom use. But also worrisome: still, every hour 30 people are newly infected with HIV, particularly teenage girls. Even in the Netherlands we see new cases of HIV every year.It is the social and cultural cohesion that ensures no Motswana shall rest easy knowing that another is in need.

Henry Arvidsson. The hosts, i. As a student, many years ago, I profited greatly from these courses and from the friendships made during that period. And based on the facts, that claim seems correct. In lieu of the Rana Plaza tragedy, we are told by Minister Hasanul Haq Inu, that not only were the families handsomely compensated but that the number of labor inspectors have been increased, new labor laws are in the process of being adopted and that there has been an acceleration in the implementation of a minimum wage package for the garment industry.

It is a medium size dual diplomatic representation: